Nanotechnology in Textiles: Advances and Developments in Polymer Nanocomposites


I. Polymer Nanocomposite FibersAdvances in High-Strength Fibers Based on Nylon-Clay NanocompositesIntroductionReview on Research for Nylon 6/Clay HybridFlame Retardancy/Thermal StabilityAbrasion/Wear ResistanceDyeabilityTensile PropertiesGeneral Characteristics of NCH in Fiber ProcessingCrystallization Behavior under Quiescent ConditionRheological Characteristics and Spinning BehaviorStructure and Properties of As-Spun FibersImprovement of Mechanical Properties through In-Line DrawingFiber Structure Formation in a Bicomponent High-Speed Spinning ProcessSummaryReferencesPOSS-Based Polymer Nanocomposite Fibers and Nanofibers: A Review on Recent DevelopmentsIntroductionSynthesis and Structure Development in POSSPOSS-Based Polymer NanocompositesVinyl-Based POSS NanocompositesPolyamide- and Polyimide-Based POSS NanocompositesPolyurethane-Based POSS NanocompositesEpoxy-Based POSS NanocompositesPOSS Nanocomposites Based on Other PolymersPOSS-Based Nanocomposite FibersPOSS-Based NanofibersConclusionReferencesDevelopment in PCL-Based Antimicrobial Nanocomposites FibersIntroductionNanofillers in Electrospun PCL FibersNanohydroxyapatiteNanoclayNanochitosanNanosilverZinc Oxide NanoparticlesConclusionsReferencesPolymer Nanocomposite Fibers Based on Carbon Nanomaterial for Enhanced Electrical PropertiesIntroductionProduction of Nanocomposite FibersProduction TechniquesDispersion of Carbon Nanomaterials in PolymersEffect of Processing Parameters on Electrical ConductivityElectrical Conductivity of Nanocomposite FibersRecent Developments to Improve Electrical PropertiesMorphological control of nanofiller networksCombination of different nanomaterialsCombination of carbon nanomaterials with conducting polymersLayer-by-layer deposition techniqueIn situ polymerization techniqueApplications of Nanocomposite FibersApplication in Sensors and BiosensorsApplication in Textile-Based Humidity SensorsApplication in Electromechanical SensingApplication in SupercapacitorsApplication in Tissue EngineeringApplication in Electronic TextilesConclusionsReferencesDyeability of Polymer Nanocomposite FibersIntroductionNanomaterials and Polymer NanocompositesPotential of Nanomaterials for Improving Dyeability of Synthetic FibersNanomaterials Used for Improving the Dyeability of FibersNanoclayPOSSOther nanomaterialsEvaluation of Dyeing Behavior of Polymer Nanocomposite FibersDyeability of PP Nanocomposite FibersPP/Clay NanocompositesCompatibilized PP/Clay NanocompositesPP/POSS NanocompositesPP/Phosphor Strontium Aluminate NanocompositeDyeability of PET Nanocomposite FibersPET/Clay NanocompositesPET/Silica NanocompositesPET/Silver NanocompositesPET/Nano-TiО2/Nano-ZnO NanocompositesDyeability of Polyamide Nanocomposite FibersDyeability of Polyurethane Nanocomposite FibersDyeability of PLA Nanocomposite FibersConclusionReferencesBionanocomposites Based on Silk Proteins and NanoclayIntroductionSilk ProteinNanoclays Used for the Formation of Silk BionanocompositeMethods for the Formation of Silk Protein and Nanoclay BionanocompositesProperties of Silk Protein and Nanoclay CompositesStructural PropertiesConformation properties of silk fibroin nanocomposite through FTIRThermal PropertiesMechanical PropertiesGas Barrier PropertiesOptical PropertiesApplications of Silk/Clay BionanocompositesConclusionsReferencesRecent Developments on Antimicrobial Polymer Nanocomposites: Focus on Fibers and YarnsIntroductionRecent Developments in Antimicrobial Polymer NanocompositesAg NP–Based Polymer NanocompositesCu NP–Based Polymer NanocompositesTiО2 NP-Based Polymer NanocompositesZnO NP–Based Polymer NanocompositesModified Clays and Modified Clay–Based Antimicrobial Polymer NanocompositesSilver-exchanged montmorilloniteCopper-exchanged montmorilloniteModified clay–based antimicrobial polymer nanocompositesAntimicrobial Polymer Nanocomposite Yarns, Filaments, and FibersMechanism of Antimicrobial ActionMechanism in Metal-Based AntimicrobialsMechanism of Antimicrobial Activity in Other SystemsConclusionsReferencesII. Polymer Nanocomposite NanofibersElectrospun Nanofibrous Webs for Gas Sensing ApplicationsIntroductionSensors Based on Electrochemical MethodsMetal Oxide SemiconductorsConductive PolymersCarbon-Based NanomaterialsColorimetric MethodConjugated PolymersColorimetric Detection through an Embedded DyeConclusions and PerspectivesAcknowledgmentReferencesRecent Advances in Electrospun Nanocomposite NanofibrousWebs for FiltrationIntroductionCurrent Scenario of the Nanofiber Filtration MarketElectrospinning Technique and Influence of Parameters on Fiber MorphologyParameters Affecting the Electrospinning ProcessElectrospinning of Nanofibers on an Industrial ScaleFiltration MechanismSurface Characterization and Filter Efficiency Testing MethodsFiltration Performance of NanofibersDust Holding Capacity and Regeneration EfficiencyDepth and Surface FiltersFilter Regulatory StandardsEffect of Nanofiber Property on FiltrationStructural Arrangement of Filters for Increased PerformanceMultilayer Stacking of a Nanofibrous MatMultilevel/Hierarchically Structured Filter MediaNanonetsNanofibrous AerogelsElectretsSurface Modification of NanofibersUniformity of Nanofiber DepositionAdhesion of Nanofibers over a SubstratePolymeric Composite Nanofibers for Filtration ApplicationsOther Filtration ApplicationsFuture PerspectiveReferencesDevelopments in Antimicrobial Biopolymer Composite-Based Electrospun WebsIntroductionAlginate Biopolymer–Based Electrospun Nanocomposites for Antibacterial ApplicationsGelatin Biopolymer–Based Electrospun Nanocomposite for Antibacterial ApplicationsCellulose Biopolymer–Based Electrospun Nanocomposite for Antibacterial ApplicationsChitosan Biopolymer–Based Electrospun Nanocomposite for Antibacterial ApplicationsConclusionsReferencesRecent Developments in Transdermal Drug Delivery Systems Based on an Electrospun Nanofibrous ScaffoldHuman Dermal PhysiologySkin and Drug DeliveryElectrospun Nanofibrous Scaffolds for Topical Drug DeliveryTopical Application of Electrospun Scaffolds as a Drug Delivery SystemConclusionAcknowledgementReferencesDevelopments in Antimicrobial Composite Nanofibers for Bacterial FiltrationIntroductionNanofibers and Composite NanofibersMetal Oxide Nanoparticle–Polymer Composite NanofibersMetal Nanoparticle–Polymer Composite NanofibersIn situ Inclusion of Nanoparticles in Polymer SolutionAg-Polymer Composite Nanofibers by a Silver Mirror ReactionAtmospheric Plasma TreatmentBimetallic-Polymer Composite NanofibersApplication of Nanofibers inWater/Air FiltrationConclusionsReferencesNanocomposite NanofibrousWebs for Tissue Engineering Applications: A ReviewIntroductionNanocomposites Fabricated through Electrospinning (NC-EsECM)Materials ConsiderationPolymer Matrices for Electrospun Nanocomposite (NC-EsECM)Nanostructures for Electrospun Nanocomposites (NC-EsECM)HydroxyapatiteMetal-based nanomaterialsBiomoleculesCarbon nanostructuresElectrospun Nanocomposites (NC-EsECM)Bone NC-EsECMGuided Tissue Regeneration NC-EsECMNerve NC-EsECMsBlood Vessel NC-EsECMChallenges for Nanocomposite through Electrospinning (NC-EsECMs)Perspectives and ConclusionsReferencesComposite Electrospun Nanofibers for Energy Scavenging ApplicationsIntroductionNanofiber-Based Composites in Energy Harvesting/Scavenging ApplicationsElectrospun Nanocomposite–Based Mechanical Energy HarvestersElectrospun Nanocomposite–Based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells, Hydrogen Generators, Li-Ion Batteries, and Permeable Reverse Osmosis MembranesConclusion and Future ThrustAcknowledgementReferencesCellulosic Nanofibers: A Renewable Nanomaterial for Polymer NanocompositesIntroductionCellulose: Chemical Constituents, Structural Aspects, and PropertiesCellulosic nanofibers (plant based)Bacterial cellulosic nanofibers (cultured)Recent Separation Techniques and Processing of CNFs and BCNFsPretreatmentsEnzymatic treatmentChemical treatmentMechanical Separation TechniquesDrying of CNFs/BCNFsApplications of CNF-/BCNF-Based NanocompositesNanopaper (Tapes, Laminae, Transparent Films)Intelligent ClothesElectronic Devices and SensorsTissue Engineering ScaffoldFood PackagingCoating AdditivesFiltrationOpinionSummaryReferencesCarbon Nanofibers: Preparation, Properties, and Applications in CompositesIntroductionCarbon-Based NanomaterialsOne-Dimensional NanomaterialsReactivity of Carbon at Low DimensionsSimilarities and Differences in Different Forms of 1D Carbon StructuresMaterials and Method for NanofibersSynthesis StrategiesVapor-Grown TechniquesCarbonization of Polymeric NanofibersSurface CharacterizationsPropertiesSpectroscopyElectron MicroscopeApplication of CNFs in CompositesAcknowledgmentReferencesPolymer Nanocomposite Fibers via Self-AssemblyIntroductionBrief Theory of Self-AssemblyMethods to Form NanofibersGraftingMicellizationMicelles from coil-coil BCPsMicelles from rod-coil BCPsMicelles from crystalline-coil BCPsPolymerization-induced self-assemblySelf-Assembly of Polymer Nanofibers by BCPsCore stabilizationWithout core stabilizationSelf-Assembly of Polymer Nanofibers by HomopolymersPolymer Nanofiber Composite Formation via Self-AssemblyHairy Shell as a Host for FunctionalityNano-object Core as a Host for FunctionalityConclusions and Future OutlookAcknowledgmentReferencesNanocomposite Fibers via Green ElectrospinningIntroductionSummaryReferencesIII. Polymer Nanocomposite CoatingsRecent Developments in Gas Barrier Polymer Nanocomposite CoatingsIntroductionGas Permeability of Different PolymersWhy Polymer Nanocomposites?Different Nanomaterials Used for Gas Barrier PropertyFactors Controlling Gas Barrier Properties of Polymers and Polymer NanocompositesMechanism of Gas Transport through Polymer and Polymer Nanocomposite Films/Coatings and Measurement of Gas PermeabilityCoating Techniques and Process ParametersGas Barrier Property of Polymer Nanocomposite CoatingsPMMA Nanocomposite CoatingsPolyaniline Nanocomposite–Based CoatingsRubber Nanocomposite CoatingsPolyurethane Nanocomposite–Based Gas Barrier CoatingsEpoxy Nanocomposite–Based CoatingsGas Barrier Layer-by-Layer Assembly of Polymer NanocompositesPotential Applications of Gas Barrier CoatingsEnvelope of LTA SystemsPackaging ApplicationsCorrosion-Resistant CoatingsFlame-Retardant CoatingsFlexible Electronics CoatingsConclusionReferencesFire-Retardant Nanocomposite Coatings Based on Nanoclay and POSSIntroductionFire-Retardant CoatingsAnalysis of Fire Retardancy of MaterialsFire-Retardant Nanocomposite CoatingsFire-Retarding Mechanism of FRNCsFabrication Techniques of FRNCsNanoclay-Based CoatingsPOSS-Based CoatingsConclusionsReferencesSelf-Cleaning Textiles Based on Superhydrophobic NanocoatingsIntroductionFundamentals of Superhydrophobic SurfacesContact AnglesEffect of Surface Roughness onWater Contact AnglesWenzel’s approachCassie and Baxter’s approachTransition betweenWenzel and Cassie Baxter systemsContact Angle HysteresisVarious Methods to Fabricate Superhydrophobic Textile SubstratesApplication of Superhydrophobic Textile SurfacesCurrent Developments in Superhydrophobic Nanocoatings and Their Significance for Self-Cleaning TextileDurable Superhydrophobic Nanocoating for a Textile SubstrateLimitations of Superhydrophobic NanocoatingSummary and Future PerspectivesReferencesCarbon Nanomaterial–Based Conductive Polymeric Nanocomposite Coatings for Smart Textile ApplicationsIntroductionCarbon NanomaterialsGraphiteCarbon NanotubesCarbon NanofibersPolymer NanocompositesCarbon Nanomaterial–Based Polymer NanocompositesNanocomposite Coatings and InksApplication in Smart TextilesSensors and ActuatorsCharge Generator and StorageWearable ElectronicsElectrical TransmissionOther ApplicationsConclusionReferencesCoating Textiles with Antibacterial Nanoparticles Using the Sonochemical TechniqueIntroductionSonochemical Coating of Nylon Yarns with Silver NanoparticlesSonochemical Deposition of Nanosilver on Natural Wool FibersSonochemical Coating of Silver Nanoparticles on Textile Fabrics (Nylon, Polyester, and Cotton) and Their Antibacterial ActivitySonochemical Coating Technique as a “Throwing Stones” MethodConclusionsReferencesEMI Shielding Materials and Coatings Derived from Polymeric NanocompositesBackgroundShielding MechanismConventional Coating MaterialsMetal-Coated FabricsCoating of Intrinsically Conducting PolymersRecent Advances in Polymer Nanocomposites toward Effective ShieldingStrategies and Challenges of Various Conducting Nanomaterial InclusionsCarbon blackCarbon fiberCarbon nanotubesGraphene and its derivativesNecessity of Hybrid Nanomaterial InclusionEvolution of Bicomponent Polymer Blends as an Emerging SolutionLayered Architectural Advancement to Meet Technological RequirementsConclusion and OutlookNoteAcknowledgmentReferencesShape Memory Polymer Nanocomposites for TextilesIntroductionShape Memory PolymersHistoryShape Memory EffectSMP Characterization and Parameters for SMEMaterialsSynthesisStructureSMP Nanocomposites: Design and DevelopmentSynthesis of SMP NanocompositesImportance of Nanofillers in an SMP MatrixResearch and Development of Emerging SMP NanocompositesSMP Nanocomposites Based on Different Stimuli (Water, Light, Magnetic, Electric)SMP Nanocomposites with Multistimulus and Multifunctional CharacteristicsApplicationAcknowledgmentReferences
 
Next >