Biodiesel Fuels: Science, Technology, Health, and Environment


I: Biodiesel and Petrodiesel Fuels: Science, Technology, Health, and the EnvironmentBiodiesel and Petrodiesel Fuels: Science, Technology, Health, and the EnvironmentIntroductionMaterials and MethodologyContents of the HandbookVolume 1: Biodiesel Fuels in GeneralI: Introduction to Petrodiesel and Biodiesel FuelsII: BiooilsIII: Biodiesel Fuels in GeneralIV: GlycerolVolume 2: Feedstock-based Biodiesel FuelsV: Edible Oil-based Biodiesel FuelsVI: Nonedible Oil-based Biodiesel FuelsVII: Waste Oil-based Biodiesel FuelsVIII: Algal Oil-based Biodiesel FuelsVolume 3: Petrodiesel FuelsIX: Crude OilsX: Petrodiesel Fuels in GeneralXI: Petrodiesel Fuel Exhaust EmissionsXII: Health Impact of Petrodiesel Fuel Exhaust EmissionsDiscussionConclusionsAcknowledgementsReferencesA Scientometric Review of the Research: Biodiesel and Petrodiesel FuelsIntroductionMaterials and MethodologyResultsIndices and DocumentsAuthorsPublication YearsInstitutionsFunding BodiesSource TitlesCountries‘Web of Science’ Subject CategoriesCitation ImpactKeywordsResearch FrontsDiscussionConclusionAcknowledgmentsReferencesA Review of the Research: Biodiesel and Petrodiesel FuelsIntroductionMaterials and MethodologyResultsBiodiesel Fuels in GeneralBiooilsBiodiesel Fuels in GeneralGlycerolFeedstock-based Biodiesel FuelsEdible Oil-based Biodiesel FuelsNonedible Oil-based Biodiesel FuelsWaste-Oil-based Biodiesel FuelsAlgal-Oil-based Biodiesel FuelsPetrodiesel FuelsCrude OilsPetrodiesel Fuels in GeneralPetrodiesel Fuel Exhaust EmissionsHealth Impact of the Petrodiesel Exhaust EmissionsDiscussionConclusionAcknowledgmentsReferencesNanotechnology Applications in Diesel Fuels and Related Research Fields: A Review of the ResearchIntroductionMaterials and MethodologyResultsBiooilsBiodiesel FuelsProductionPropertiesGlycerolEdible Oil-based Biodiesel FuelsNonedible Oil-based Biodiesel FuelsWaste Oil-based Biodiesel FuelsCrude OilsWater-in Oil EmulsionsOil RecoveryRemediation of Crude OilsPetrodiesel FuelsProductionPropertiesDiscussionBiooilsBiodiesel FuelsProductionPropertiesGlycerolEdible Oil-based Biodiesel FuelsNonedible Oil-based Biodiesel FuelsWaste Oil-based Biodiesel FuelsCrude OilsWater-in-Oil EmulsionsOil RecoveryRemediation of Crude OilsPetrodiesel FuelsProductionPropertiesConclusionAcknowledgmentsReferencesII: BiooilsBiooils: A Scientometric Review of the ResearchIntroductionMaterials and MethodologyResultsIndices and DocumentsAuthorsPublication YearsInstitutionsFunding BodiesSource TitlesCountries‘Web of Science’ Subject CategoriesCitation ImpactKeywordsResearch FrontsDiscussionConclusionAcknowledgmentsA AppendixReferencesCharacterization and Properties of Biooils: A Review of the ResearchIntroductionMaterials and MethodologyResultsProperties of BiooilsCharacterization of BiooilsDiscussionProperties of BiooilsCharacterization of BiooilsConclusionAcknowledgmentsReferencesBiomass Pyrolysis and Pyrolysis Oils: A Review of the ResearchIntroductionMaterials and MethodologyResultsPyrolysisKinetic StudiesPyrolysis OilsPyrolysis Oil UpgradingDiscussionPyrolysisKinetic StudiesPyrolysis OilsPyrolysis Oil UpgradingConclusionAcknowledgmentsReferencesAn Overview of Catalytic Bio-oil Upgrading, Part 1:: Processing Aqueous-Phase CompoundsIntroductionObjectives and Challenges in the Bio-oil Upgrading ProcessThe Processing of Aqueous-Phase CompoundsReforming to Produce HydrogenC–C Coupling of Small OxygenatesOther ProcessesOutlookReferencesAn Overview of Catalytic Bio-oil Upgrading, Part 2:: Processing Oil-Phase Compounds and Real Bio-oilIntroductionThe Processing of Oil-Phase CompoundsCatalytic Hydrodeoxygenation of Lignin-Derived Aromatic OxygenatesCatalytic Hydrodeoxygenation of Carbohydrate-Derived Furanic OxygenatesThe Processing of Real Bio-oilsHydrotreatingZeolite CrackingOther ProcessesOutlookReferencesBio-oil Production through Hydrothermal Liquefaction (HTL) of Biomass: Recent Developments and Future ProspectsIntroductionComparison of HTL and Other Technologies for Biofuel ProductionBiofuels from Various BiomassesMerits of HTL for Biomass ConversionHTL of BiomassMajor Components of Biomass and Their Decomposition Routes in the HTL ProcessCelluloseHemicelluloseLigninProteinLipidsCarbohydratesEffect of HTL ParametersBiomass Feedstock CompositionReaction TemperatureReaction TimeReaction SolventsReaction PressureCatalytic Upgrading of Biocrude OilCatalytic HydrogenationDirect Hydrogen DonorIndirect Hydrogen Supply ( in situ Hydrogen Supply)Catalytic CrackingCatalytic EsterificationConclusions and ProspectsAcknowledgmentsReferencesIII: Biodiesel Fuels in GeneralBiodiesel Fuels: A Scientometric Review of the ResearchIntroductionMaterials and MethodologyResultsIndices and DocumentsAuthorsPublication YearsInstitutionsFunding BodiesSource TitlesCountries‘Web of Science’ Subject CategoriesCitation ImpactKeywordsDiscussionResearch FrontsConclusionAcknowledgmentsA AppendixReferencesBiomass-based Catalyst-Assisted Biodiesel ProductionIntroductionSynthesis of a Biomass-Based CatalystHydrothermal CarbonizationTemplate-Directed CarbonizationHigh Temperature CarbonizationActivation of a Biomass-Based CatalystCalcium Rich BiomassMud or RocksAnimal BonesSeashellsEggshellsPlant-based BiomassChallenges of Biodiesel Production via Biomass-based CatalystsConclusionReferencesEnzymatic Biodiesel Production: Challenges and Future PerspectivesIntroductionTechnological Challenges for Enzymatic Biodiesel ProductionBiocatalystsRecent Advances in Lipase ImmobilizationWhole-Cell BiocatalystsDry Fermented SolidsEnzymatic Biodiesel Production RoutesTransesterification/EsterificationHydroesterificationConclusions and Future PerspectivesAcknowledgmentReferencesBiodiesel Additives: Status and PerspectivesAdditives, Types, and their SelectionCategorization of Additives based on FunctionalityCategorization of Additives based on Chemical CompoundsCategorization of Additives based on SizeCategorization of Additives based on State of MatterEffect of Various Additives on Biodiesel PropertiesEffect of Additives on Fuel PropertiesEffect of Additives on Cold Flow PropertiesCold Filter Plugging Point (CFPP)Pour PointCloud PointEffect of various Additives on Engine Combustion, Performance, and Emission CharacteristicsEffect of Additives on Combustion CharacteristicsEffect of Additives on Engine Performance CharacteristicsEffect of Additives on Exhaust Emission CharacteristicsRecent Trends and Advancements in the Field of AdditivesConclusionReferencesQualitative Characterization of Biodiesel Fuels: Basics and BeyondIntroductionCharacteristics and Properties of BiodieselCombustion PropertiesCetane NumberFlash PointPhysical PropertiesSpecific GravityHeat of CombustionDistillation CurveFlow PropertiesLow Temperature Flow PropertiesViscosity and Surface TensionStorage and StabilityOxidative StabilityIodine NumberChemical PropertiesFactors Affecting Biodiesel PropertiesAlcoholFatty Acid CompositionContaminantsEffects of Biodiesel Properties on the Performance and Emissions of Diesel EnginesConclusion and SummaryReferencesUse of Biodiesel Fuels in Diesel EnginesIntroductionBiodiesel PropertiesViscosityDensityFlash PointBoiling PointCloud Point, Pour Point, and Cold Filter Plugging PointCetane NumberCalorific ValueStability of OxidationAcid NumberIodine NumberCarbon ResidueSulfate Ash ContentWater and Sediment ContentCopper Strip CorrosionPerformance and Emission CharacteristicsEngine PerformanceBrake PowerBrake Specific Fuel ConsumptionBrake Thermal EfficiencyExhaust Gas TemperatureCombustion and Emission CharacteristicsCombustion CharacteristicsEmission CharacteristicsEngine Durability and Corrosiveness CharacteristicsEngine DurabilityCorrosiveness Characteristics and InhibitorsDepositsDeposit Formation MechanismDeposits from the Use of BiodieselConclusionReferencesBiodiesel Promotion Policies: A Global PerspectiveIntroductionConsumption of OilCarbon EmissionsEnergy IntensityPolicy Paralysis in the Biofuel SectorObservations from Global Biodiesel Production ProjectsStandards for Biodiesel BlendsEconomic Sustainability of FeedstockWastelandsPolicy InterventionsEnergy Demand in the Marine and Aviation SectorEnergy Demand for Commercial VehiclesObservations and Recommendations from a Status Report on the Implementation of Existing Biodiesel Promotion PoliciesGreenhouse Gas Reduction InitiativesBiodiesel Blending PercentageUsage of Higher Percentage Biodiesel BlendsProduction CapacitySustainable Development of Biodiesel ProductionScaling up Advanced Biofuels Is EssentialPolicy Support to Commercialize Advanced BiofuelsReferencesIV: GlycerolGlycerol: A Scientometric Review of the ResearchIntroductionMaterials and MethodologyResultsIndices and DocumentsAuthorsPublication YearsInstitutionsFunding BodiesSource TitlesCountries‘Web of Science’ Subject CategoriesCitation ImpactKeywordsResearch FrontsDiscussionConclusionAcknowledgmentsA AppendixReferencesHydrogen-Rich Syngas Production from Biodiesel-derived Glycerol: An Overview of the Modeling and Optimization StrategiesIntroductionTechnological Routes for Hydrogen-Rich Syngas Production from GlycerolModeling and Optimization Strategies to Improve Glycerol ConversionModeling Strategies for Glycerol Conversion ProcessesOptimization Strategies for Glycerol Conversion ProcessesConclusionReferencesPropanediol Production from Glycerol: A Review of the ResearchIntroductionMaterials and MethodologyResultsCatalytic Propanediol ProductionMicrobial Propanediol ProductionDiscussion
 
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