I: Introduction to Petrodiesel and Biodiesel Fuels

There are four chapters introducing both petrodiesel and biodiesel fuels (Konur 2021e-h).

Chapter 1 (Konur, 202le) provides an overview' of the 58 chapters in this handbook under three primary research fronts: biodiesel fuels in general (volume 1), feedstock-based biodiesel fuels (volume 2), and petrodiesel fuels (volume 3). Table

1.1 provides brief information about the key research fronts covered. It provides data on the number of review papers and percentage of them presented, the percentage of the most-cited 100 sample papers in the field of biodiesel and petrodiesel fuels, and the percentage of over 121,000 population papers in the same field. Table 1.2 provides information on the content of the handbook with a focus on the individual chapters, paper references, research fronts, and chapter titles.

Chapter 2 (Konur, 202If) provides a scientometric review' of the research on both petrodiesel and biodiesel fuels using a population of over 121,000 papers. Konur uses two datasets for this study. The highly cited sample of 100 papers comprises the first dataset (n = 100 papers) w hilst all the papers form the second dataset (n = over 121,000 papers). For this purpose Konur uses a carefully designed set of keywords for the research fields related to both biodiesel and petrodiesel fuels and the ‘Web of Science’ databases as of February 2020.

The data on the indices, document types, authors, institutions, funding bodies, source titles, ‘Web of Science’ subject categories, keywords, research fronts, and citation impact are presented and discussed.

TABLE 1.1

Research Fronts for Biodiesel and Petrodiesel Fuels: Science, Technology, Health, and Environment

Research Fronts

No. of Reviews

No. of

Reviews (%)

No. of Sample Papers (%)

Difference (%)

No. of Population Papers (%)

Vol. 1

1.1

Biodiesel fuels in general Introduction to petrodiesel and biodiesel fuels

  • 20
  • 4
  • 34
  • 7

41

-7

27.7

1.2

Biooils

6

10

14

—1

16.6

1.3

Biodiesel fuels in general

7

12

21

-9

5.4

1.4.

Glycerol

3

5

6

-1

5.7

Vol. 2

Feedstock-based biodiesel fuels

19

33

30

3

18.3

2.1

Edible oil-based biodiesel fuels

4

7

5

2

2.2

2.2

Nonedible oil-based biodiesel fuels

4

7

3

4

1.8

2.3

Waste oil-based biodiesel fuels

4

7

2

5

1.8

2.4

Algae-based biodiesel fuels

7

12

20

-8

12.5

Vol. 3

Petrodiesel fuels

19

33

34

-1

67.4

3.1

Crude oils

6

10

14

__1

43.8

3.2

Petrodiesel fuels in general

5

9

8

1

13.2

3.3

Emissions from petrodiesel fuels

4

7

11

-4

8.6

3.4

Health impact of the emissions from petrodiesel fuels

4

7

1

6

1.8

Notes:

Sample size of review papers presented in this handbook: 58; of most-cited papers: 100; of population papers: over 121.000. Difference sample papers.

= no. of reviews - no. of

Biodiesel Fuels

TABLE 1.2

Biodiesel and Petrodiesel Fuels: Science, Technology, Health, and Environment

Chapter No.

Research Front 1

Research Front II

Chapter Title

Volume 1. Biodiesel Fuels: Science. Technology. Health, and Environment

Part I Biodiesel and petrodiesel fuels: science, technology, health, and environment

1

Konur (202 le)

Biodiesel and petrodiesel fuels

Overview

Biodiesel and petrodiesel fuels: Science, technology, health, and

environment

2

Konur (202 If)

Biodiesel and petrodiesel fuels

Overview

Biodiesel and petrodiesel fuels: A scientometric review of the research

3

Konur (2021g)

Biodiesel and petrodiesel fuels

Overview

Biodiesel and petrodiesel fuels: A review of the research.

4

Konur (202 Ih)

Biodiesel and petrodiesel fuels

Nanotechnology applications

Nanotechnology applications in the diesel fuels and the related research

fields: A review of the research

Part 11 Biooils

5

Konur (2021 i)

Biooils

Overview

Biooils: A scientometric review of the research

6

Konur (202 Ij)

Biooils

Characterization and properties

Characterization and properties of biooils: A review of the research

7

Konur (2021k)

Biooils

Pyrolysis

Biomass pyrolysis and pyrolysis oils: A review of the research

8

Zhang et al.

Biooils

Biooil upgrading I

An overview of catalytic biooil upgrading. Part I: Processing aqueous-

(2021a)

phase compounds

9

Zhang et al.

Biooils

Biooil upgrading II

An overview of catalytic biooil upgrading. Part II: Processing oil-phase

(2021b)

compounds and real biooil

10

Cao et al. (2021)

Biooils

Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL)

Biooil production through hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of biomass: Recent development and future prospects

Part III Biodiesel fuels in general

11

Konur (20211)

Biodiesel fuels in general

Overview

Biodiesel fuels: A scientometric review of the research

12

Goh et al. (2021)

Biodiesel fuels in general

Biomass-based catalyst-assisted biodiesel production

Biomass-based catalyst-assisted biodiesel production

13

Aguieiras et al.

Biodiesel fuels in general

Enzymatic biodiesel production

Enzymatic biodiesel production: Challenges and future perspectives

(2021)

14

Tomar et al. (2021)

Biodiesel fuels in general

Additives in biodiesel production

Biodiesel additives: Status and perspectives

15

Kumar and Kalam

Biodiesel fuels in general

Properties and characterization of

Qualitative characterization of biodiesel fuels: Basics and beyond

(2021)

biodiesel fuels

Biodiesel and Petrodiesel Fuelsco

TABLE 1.2 (Continued)

Chapter No.

Research Front 1

Research Front II

Chapter Title

16 Hoang et al. (2021)

Biodiesel fuels in general

Performance of biodiesel fuels in diesel engines

Use of biodiesel fuels in diesel engines

17 Jain et al. (2021) Part IV Glycerol

Biodiesel fuels in general

Biodiesel policies

Biodiesel promotion policies: A global perspective

18 Konur (2021m)

Glycerol

Overview

Glycerol: A scientometric review of the research

  • 19 Ayodele et al.
  • (2021)

Glycerol

Biohydrogen production from glycerol: case study for biochemicals

Hydrogen-rich syngas production from biodiesel-derived glycerol: An overview of the modeling and optimization strategies

20 Konur(202 In)

Glycerol

Propanediol production from glycerol: case study for biochemicals

Propanediol production from glycerol: A review of the research

Volume 2. Biodiesel Fuels Based on Edible and Nonedible Feedstocks. Wastes, and Algae: Science. Technology, Health, and Environment Part V Edible oil-based biodiesel fuels

21

Konur (202 lo)

Edible oil-based biodiesel fuels

Overview

Edible oil-based biodiesel fuels: A scientometric review of the research

22

Westbrook (2021)

Edible oil-based biodiesel fuels

Soybean oil-based biodiesel fuels: case study I

Chemistry of biodiesel fuels based on soybean oil

23

Konur (2021 p)

Edible oil-based biodiesel fuels

Palm oil-based biodiesel fuels: case study II

Palm oil-based biodiesel fuels: A review of the research

24 Konur (202Iq) Edible oil-based biodiesel fuels

Part VI Nonedible oil-based biodiesel fuels

Rapeseed oil-based biodiesel fuels: case study III

Rapeseed oil-based biodiesel fuels: A review of the research

25

Konur (202 Ir)

Nonedible oil-based biodiesel fuels

Overview

Nonedible oil-based biodiesel fuels: A scientometric review of the research.

26

Banapurmath ct al.

(2021)

Nonedible oil-based biodiesel fuels

Jatropha oil-based biodiesel fuels: case study I

An exhaustive study on the use of Jatropha based biodiesel for modern diesel engine applications

27

Dandu et al. (2021)

Nonedible oil-based biodiesel fuels

Polanga oil-based biodiesel fuels: case study II

The effects of additives with Calophyllum inophyllum methyl ester (CIME) in CI engine applications

28

Niju and Janani

(2021)

Nonedible oil-based biodiesel fuels

Moringa oil-based biodiesel fuels: case study III

Moringa oleífera oil as a potential feedstock for sustainable biodiesel production

Biodiesel Fuels

29

Konur (2021s)

Waste oil-based biodiesel fuels

Overview

Waste oil-based biodiesel fuels: A scientometric review of the research.

30

Siddique and

Rohani (2021)

Waste oil-based biodiesel fuels

Wastewater sludge-based biodiesel: case study I

Biodiesel production from municipal wastewater sludge: Recent trends

31

Castanheiro (2021)

Waste oil-based biodiesel fuels

Waste cooking oil-based biodiesel fuels

Heterogeneous acid-catalysts for biodiesel production from waste cooking oil

32

Part

Satyannarayana et Waste oil-based biodiesel fuels al. (2021)

VIII Algal biodiesel fuels

Microbial oil-based biodiesel fuels

Microbial biodiesel fuel production using microbes

33

Konur (202It)

Algal oil-based biodiesel fuels

Overview

Algal biodiesel fuels: A scientometric review of the research

34

Konur(202 lu)

Algal oil-based biodiesel fuels

Algal biomass production

Algal biomass production for biodiesel production: A review of the research

35

Konur (2021 v)

Algal oil-based biodiesel fuels

Algal biomass production in wastewaters

Algal biomass production in wastewaters for biodiesel production: A review of the research

36

Konur(202 lx)

Algal oil-based biodiesel fuels

Algal lipid production

Algal lipid production for biodiesel production: A review of the research

37

Koley et al. (2021)

Algal oil-based biodiesel fuels

Hydrothermal liquefaction of algal biomass

Biooil production from microalgae: Current status and future perspective

38

Krishnan et al.

(2021)

Algal oil-based biodiesel fuels

Algal lipid extraction

Extraction of algal neutral lipids for biofuel production

  • 39 Sivaramakrishnan Algal oil-based biodiesel fuels Algal biodiesel production and Incharoensakdi
  • (2021)

Volume 3. Petrodiesel Fuels: Science, Technology, Health, and Environment

Part IX Crude oils

Microalgal biodiesel production

40

Konur (202 ly)

Crude oils

Overview

Crude oils: A scientometric review of the research.

41

Fingas (2021a)

Crude oils

Crude oil spills

Introduction to oil spill behavior

42

Fingas (2021b)

Crude oils

Crude oil spills and their clean-up

Introduction to oil spills and their clean-up

43

Prince et al. (2021 )

Crude oils

Crude oils properties and their removal

Crude oils and their fate in the environment

44

McFarlin and

Prince (2021 )

Crude oils

Biodegradation of crude oil-contaminated soils

Oil contaminated soil: Understanding biodegradation and remediation strategies

45

Jeong and Lee (2021 ) Crude oils

Crude oil recovery

Biotechnology applications in oil recovery'

Biodiesel and Petrodiesel Fuels

TABLE 1.2 (Continued)

Chapter No. Research Front I Research Front II

Chapter Title

Part X Petrodiesel fuels in general

46 Konur (2021 y) Petrodiesel fuels in general Overview

Petrodiesel fuels: A scientometric review of the research

47 Pandey and Sharma Petrodiesel fuels in general Combustion of biodiesel fuels in

Combustion and formations of emission in compression ignition engines

(2021) diesel engines

and emissions reduction techniques

48 Konur (2021 aa) Petrodiesel fuels in general Bioremediation of biodiesel

Bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons in contaminated soils: A

fuel-contaminated soils

review of the research.

49 Issa and Ilinca Petrodiesel fuels in general Biodiesel power generation

Biodiesel and petrodiesel fuels for marine applications

  • (2021)
  • 50 Konur (202 lab) Petrodiesel fuels in general Desulfurization of diesel fuels

Desulfurization of diesel fuels: A review of the research

Part XI Emissions of petrodiesel fuels

51 Konur (202lac) Petrodiesel fuel emissions Overview

Diesel fuel exhaust emissions: A scientometric review of the research

52 Fattah et al. (2021) Petrodiesel fuel emissions Diesel emission mitigation

Diesel emissions and their mitigation approaches

53 Gao and Liu (2021) Petrodiesel fuel emissions Diesel particulate emissions

Particles from compression and spark ignition engines

54 Nuguid et al. Petrodiesel fuel emissions Diesel NO„ emissions

Selective catalytic reduction of NC emissions

(2021)

Part XII Health impact of petrodiesel fuel emissions

55 Konur (202 lad) Health impact of petrodiesel fuel Overview

The adverse health and safety impact of diesel fuels: A scientometric

emissions

review of the research

56 Konur (202 lae) Health impact of petrodiesel fuel Respiratory illnesses

Respiratory' illnesses caused by diesel fuel exhaust emissions: A review

emissions

of the research

57 Konur (2021 af) Health impact of petrodiesel fuel Cancer

Cancer caused by diesel fuel exhaust emissions: A review of the research

emissions

58 Konur (202 lag) Health impact of petrodiesel Cardiovascular, brain, and

Cardiovascular and other illnesses caused by diesel fuel exhaust

fuel emissions reproductive system illnesses

emissions: A review of the research

Biodiesel Fuels

The data presented in the tables and the figure show that a small number of authors, institutions, funding bodies, journals, keywords, research fronts, subject categories, and countries have shaped the research in this field.

The findings show the importance of the development of efficient incentive structures for the development of the research, as in other fields. It further seems that, although research funding is a significant element of these incentive structures, it might not be a sole solution. On the other hand, it seems there is more to do to reduce significant gender deficit in this field as in other fields of science and technology.

The data on the research fronts, keywords, source titles, and subject categories provide valuable evidence for the interdisciplinarity of the research. There is ample justification for the broad search strategy employed in this study due to the interdisciplinary nature of this research field as evidenced by the top subject categories.

There are three major topical research fronts with respect to these sample papers: ‘biodiesel fuels in general’, ‘feedstock-based biodiesel fuels’, and ‘petrodiesel fuels’.

The detailed research fronts are ‘biooils’, ‘biodiesel fuels in general’, and ‘glycerol’ in the first group of sample papers. The detailed research fronts are ‘edible oilbased biodiesel fuels’, ‘nonedible oil-based biodiesel fuels’, ‘waste oil-based biodiesel fuels’, and ‘algal oil-based biodiesel fuels’, respectively, in the second group of sample papers. Finally, the detailed research fronts are ‘crude oils’, ‘petrodiesel fuels in general’, ‘emissions from petrodiesel fuels’, and ‘health impact of the emissions from petrodiesel fuels’, respectively, in the final group of sample papers.

Chapter 3 (Konur, 2021 g) presents a review of the most-cited 50 article papers on both biodiesel and petrodiesel fuels, complementing Chapter 2 (Konur, 202If). Table

3.1 provides information on the primary and secondary research fronts for both biodiesel fuels and petrodiesel fuels. It also provides information on the distribution of these research fronts in the article papers, 100 most-cited sample papers, and over 121,000 population papers.

As this table shows the research fronts of ‘biodiesel fuels in general’, ‘feedstockbased biodiesel fuels’, and ‘petrodiesel fuels’ comprise 18, 50, and 32% of these papers, respectively.

In the first group of article papers, those on ‘biooils’ constitute 14% of papers; in the second group, those on ‘edible oil-based biodiesel fuels’ and ‘algae-based biodiesel fuels’ constitute 18% each of these papers, and in the final group, those on ‘crude oils’ and ‘emissions from petrodiesel fuels’ constitute 16 and 10% of these papers, respectively - all of which emerge as the prolific research fronts.

Chapter 4 (Konur, 2021 h) presents a review of the most-cited 25 article papers on nanotechnology applications in both biodiesel and petrodiesel fuels. Table 4.1 provides information on the primary and secondary research fronts for both biodiesel fuels and petrodiesel fuels. As this table shows the research fronts of ‘biodiesel fuels in general’, ‘feedstock-based biodiesel fuels’, and ‘petrodiesel fuels’ comprise 28, 24, and 48% of these papers, respectively, in this field.

In the first group of article papers, those on ‘biooils’, ‘biodiesel fuels in general’, and ‘glycerol’ comprise 4, 8, and 16% of these papers, respectively. In the second group of article papers, those on ‘edible oil-based biodiesel fuels’, ‘nonedible oilbased biodiesel fuels’, ‘waste oil-based biodiesel fuels’, and ‘algal oil-based biodiesel fuels’ comprise 16, 4, 4, and 0% of these papers, respectively. In the final group of article papers, those on ‘crude oils’, ‘petrodiesel fuels in general’, ‘emissions from petrodiesel fuels’, and ‘health impact of the emissions from petrodiesel fuels’ comprise 40, 8, 0, and 0% of these papers, respectively.

It is notable that there have been no prolific papers in the fields of ‘biooil upgrading’, ‘biodiesel emissions’, ‘algal biodiesel fuels’, ‘crude oil properties’, ‘crude oil refining’, ‘petrodiesel desulfurization’, ‘power generation by petrodiesel fuels’, ‘petrodiesel fuel emissions’, and ‘health impact of petrodiesel emissions’.

These prolific studies on nanotechnology applications in the fields of biooils, biodiesel fuels, crude oils, and petrodiesel fuels, presented in this chapter, highlight its importance. These studies also show the importance of nanomaterials as nanocatalyts in these fields, ranging from ‘crude oil recovery' and ‘remediation of crude oils in the environment’ to ‘biooil production’, ‘biodiesel production’, and ‘production of biochemicals and bioenergy from glycerol’, a by-product of biodiesel fuels.

 
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