The Sustainability of Agro-Food and Natural Resource Systems in the Mediterranean Basin

I Agro-Food SystemsFood Security in the Southern Mediterranean/North AfricaIntroductionThe Southern Mediterranean/North AfricaGeneral CharacteristicsAgriculture and Natural ResourcesChallenges and Problems Related to Food SecurityDependence on Food ImportsInsufficient Resources Allocated to AgricultureAchieving Food Security in the Long RunReferencesSustainability in Cereal Crop Production in Mediterranean EnvironmentsIntroductionSoil FertilizationSurface Water and Sediment Control Systems and Soil TillageChoice of Species, Varieties, Planting Date, and Weed and Pest ControlPrecision FarmingReferencesInnovative Crop Productions for Healthy Food: The Case of Chia (Salvia hispanica L.)IntroductionGenetic Diversity and BreedingSeed QualityLeaf and Stem QualityUsesAgronomic ManagementReferencesThe Hidden Costs of Livestock Environmental Sustainability: The Case of Podolian CattleIntroductionEnvironmental Impact AssessmentLimitations of the Standard Method of Sustainability AssessmentThe Multifunctional Role of Podolian Farming SystemLand UseLower Competition with Human NutritionAnimal Health and WelfareConservation of BiodiversityConcluding RemarksReferencesFeeding, Nutrition and Sustainability in Dairy Enterprises: The Case of Mediterranean Buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis)IntroductionFarming and Feeding SystemsFeeding BehaviourNutritional Requirements of Dairy BuffaloesLactating PhaseDry PhaseHeifer Growth PhaseSustainability of Dairy Buffalo FarmingConclusionReferencesSustainability of Sheep and Goat Production SystemsIntroductionEnvironmental Sustainability of Sheep and Goat Production SystemLivestock Sustainability: Human–Animal Relationship and Sheep and Goat WelfareEconomic Perspectives of Sustainable Sheep and Goat FarmingConclusionsReferencesThe Role of Local Sheep and Goat Breeds and Their Products as a Tool for Sustainability and Safeguard of the Mediterranean EnvironmentSheep and Goat Breeds, a Tool for SustainabilitySheep Breeds and Canestrato Pugliese CheeseCanestrato Pugliese Cheesemaking, Sampling and Analysis of Milk and CheeseResults and DiscussionConclusionGoat Breeds and Caciotta CheeseCaciotta Cheesemaking, Sampling and Analysis of Milk and CheeseResults and DiscussionGoats and Genetic Variants of Casein FractionsGoat Breeds and Oligosaccharide FractionConclusionGoat Breeds and Ricotta CheeseGoat Ricotta CheeseRicotta Cheesemaking, Sampling and Analysis of Milk and CheeseResults and DiscussionConclusionReferencesInnovative Use of Jenny Milk from Sustainable RearingWhy a Growing Interest Towards Donkey Rearing?Main Characteristics of Donkey Farms in Basilicata RegionDonkey PopulationMorphological and Biometrical Characteristics of Local PopulationQualitative Characteristics of Jenny MilkCosmetics Made with Jenny MilkJenny Milk as Inhibitor in Cheese MakingConclusionsReferencesSustainable Agricultural Practices in Disease Defence of Traditional Crops in Southern Italy: The Case Study of Tomato Cherry Protected by Trichoderma harzianum T-22 Against Cucumber Mosaic Virus (CMV)IntroductionSustainable Agricultural Practices in Disease DefenceThe Case Study of Tomato Cherry Protected by Trichoderma harzianumT-22 Against CMVConclusionReferencesDevelopment of Integrated Disease Control Measures for the Valorisation of Traditional Crops in Southern Italy: The Case Study of Fagioli di SarconiIntroductionResponse of Fagioli di Sarconi Varieties to CBBFagioli di Sarconi Seed DisinfectionBeneficial Rhizobacteria as Biocontrol Agents of CBB in Fagioli di SarconiConcluding RemarksReferencesSustainable Climate Change Adaptations in Developing Countries: A Case Study of the Turkish Cypriot Community's Adoption of Pomegranate FarmingIntroductionCrop Switching and Sustainable PeacebuildingClimate Considerations in CyprusThe EU and USAIDSelecting PomegranatesProgramme Design and ImplementationSustainable PeacebuildingPolicy ImplicationsConcluding CommentsReferencesThe Role of Women in the Sustainability of the Wine Industry: Two Case Studies in ItalyIntroductionBackground: The Overall Situation of Farming, Winemaking, and Rural Tourism in ItalyBackground Literature and Research Focus, Questions, and MethodCase StudiesFattoria del Colle, Interview to Mrs. Donatella Cinelli ColombiniTenute Olbios, Interview to Mrs. Daniela PinnaDiscussionConclusionReferencesII Natural Resource Systems and EnvironmentThe Effects of Climate Change on the Multifunctional Role of Basilicata's Forests: The Effects Induced on Yield and CO2 AbsorptionIntroductionMaterials and MethodsThe Concept of Plausibility According to DempsterShafer's TheoryEstimating the Stumpage Value of Basilicata's ForestsThe Economic Evaluation of the Sink Function of Basilicata's ForestsResultsConclusionsReferencesWildlife Agriculture Interactions, Spatial Analysis and Trade-Off Between Environmental Sustainability and Risk of Economic DamageIntroductionMethodologyANOVA TestStudy AreaAnalysis of DamagesParametrisation of DamagesAggregation of CriteriaResultsConclusionsReferencesThe Sustainability of Non-renewable Resources Use at Regional Level: A Case Study on Allocation of Oil RoyaltiesIntroductionMaterials and MethodsCase Study: Basilicata RegionSAM: A Two-Region ModelResultsConclusionReferencesLand Use Sector Involvement in Mitigation Policies Across Carbon MarketsIntroductionThe Primary Sector in the International NegotiationOverview of Carbon Credit MarketsAnalysis of the Main International Markets and the Inclusion of the Agroforestry SectorInternational Voluntary Markets: The Verified Carbon StandardThe American Carbon Registry Standard (ACR)Regional Carbon MarketThe National Carbon MarketsThe Inclusion of Agroforestry in Mitigation Policies: Some RemarksConclusionsReferencesEvaluating the Role of Soil Variability on Potential Groundwater Pollution and Recharge in a Mediterranean Agricultural WatershedIntroductionMaterials and MethodsStudy AreaGeo Database ImplementationGeoprocessing and Data HandlingStochastic Development of TFtbResults and DiscussionsConclusionsReferencesGrazing and Biodiversity Conservation: Highlights on a Natura 2000 Network SiteIntroductionOverview of Basilicata's Natura 2000 NetworkCommunity Habitats of Basilicata's SitesLivestock Farming within Basilicata's SitesGrazing Impacts on Basilicata's SitesA Focus on Grazing Impacts on a Basilicata's SiteApplication of DPSIR Framework to Analyse Grazing Impact Within the SiteConclusionReferencesEvaluation of Native Grasses for Sustainable Turfgrass in the Bioclimatic Mediterranean RegionIntroductionMaterials and MethodStatistical AnalysisResults and DiscussionTotal GrowthColour IndexTurf QualityGreen Cover PercentageConclusionsReferencesBiodiversity of Hypogeous Fungi in BasilicataIntroductionLucanian Hypogeous and Semi-hypogeous FungiAscomycotaBasidiomycotaZygomycotaConcluding RemarksReferencesIII New TechnologiesNew Technologies for the Sustainable Management and Planning of Rural Land and EnvironmentIntroductionNew Technologies for Rural Land and Environment AnalysisGeographical Information SystemsRemote SensingThree-Dimensional Landscape AnalysisApplication of New Technologies on Historical Maps for the Analysis of the Agroforestry Land EvolutionStudy AreaCartographyData AnalysisResultsAnalysis of Time Evolution of Agroforestry Land as a Tool for the Sustainable Management and Planning of Rural Land andEnvironmentConclusionsReferencesProcessing Plants and Technologies for a Sustainable Mediterranean Food ChainIntroductionTechnologies for the Postharvest Storage of Fruits and VegetablesPhysical TreatmentsIsolation of Natural Preparations from PlantsReferencesGeophysical Techniques for Plant, Soil, And Root Research Related to SustainabilityIntroductionPrinciples of Geophysical Techniques for Agriculture and the EnvironmentApplications and Case Studies in Agriculture and the EnvironmentReferencesSatellite Technologies to Support the Sustainability of Agricultural ProductionIntroductionMaterials and MethodsResultsConclusionsReferencesElectrolysed Water in the Food Industry as Supporting of Environmental SustainabilityIntroductionElectrolysed WaterApplication of EW as Surface DisinfectantEW on Fruits and VegetablesEW on Animal ProductsCombined TreatmentsConclusionsReferences
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