Concluding Comments

Pomegranate farming in north Cyprus might appear to be a rather niche case. However, it highlights a real problem that both developing and developed countries will soon—if they have not already—confront, namely, climate change. As the evidence from Cyprus indicates, post-conflict developing countries need financial and technical intervention from an external actor in order to implement even the simplest of climate change adaptations, such as crop switching. Additionally, postconflict states are often hobbled by the classic collective action problem and need an outside impetus to inspire them to accept local ownership of a development programme. Sustainable development is therefore a function of external and local actor coordination; using its superior resources, the external actor helps initiate the programme, and since the local actor also makes a significant contribution, the local actor commits to ensuring the programme's success.

The sustainability of similar climate change programmes can be further enhanced by selecting crops that are at least somewhat familiar to the local community and are also desired by the external market. A crop's phenology might be ideally suited to a certain region, but the local farmers need to also support its production. Identifying suitable crops will require the combined effort of external and local actors. Ultimately, enacting successful climate change adaptations requires both parties to share leadership responsibilities (Fig. 1).

Fig. 1 A sign indicating that this is a GLOBALGAP certified pomegranate orchard, in Morphou area, Cyprus

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