During transportation, fruits are subjected to various mechanical forces like vibration, compression, abrasion, and bruising (Shahbazi et al., 2010). Producers and consumers are connected to each other by transportation. It holds a unique position for maintaining the quality of fresh fruits during postharvest. In transportation, if fruits are not packed properly and are exposed to the sun, the temperature may increase inside the batch of fruits especially because of restricted airflow that also increases the gases concentration like carbon dioxide and ethylene, which leads to deterioration. There are two types of transportation: refrigerated and nonrefrigerated.
Ambient temperature reduces the quality of fresh produce. Few firms only use refrigerated trucks for transportation during the summer season because of increased cost. Trucks can either be open or closed. Open trucks are more prone to infection and loss of quality. Transportation is not done by truck or vehicle only but it is also transported through А/С and non-A/C train, air, and ship. Packaging should be designed in such a way that the movement of water vapor from the product is inhibited. Distance is again another important factor in transportation. Longer distance during transportation causes damage to produce. Therefore, proper care should be taken during all these steps like proper packaging, temperature, RH, road condition, and duration of transport (Ahmad and Siddiqui, 2016).
Fruit quality depends mainly on the preharvest factors which in turn helps to attain a fruit of good quality. Preharvest factors are dominated by the factors, like climate, environment, the position of fruit on the tree, irrigation, etc. Both these intrinsic and extrinsic factors are dependent on one another. Knowledge of all the factors is important in order to adopt good agricultural practices to obtain the best quality fruits. Although the orchardists may have taken care of preharvest factors on fruit quality still improper transportation and storage conditions shall have a greater influence on quality deterioration of fruits. Temperature fluctuations and intermittency in the cold chain often encountered during handling and transportation is one of the major concerns for maintaining fruit quality. Besides packing and unpacking of fruits during distribution may also be an important factor leading to quality and economic losses. Therefore, the best method is to build an integrated approach to link the two factors, preharvest and postharvest, to influence the fruit quality.
- • preharvest
- • postharvest
- • fruits
- • quality
- • temperature
- • humidity
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