Conservation Practices May Yield Sustainable Resource

Table of Contents:

S.M. JALIL*

Former Chief Conservator of Forest and President, Forestry & Environment Forum, Dhaka, Bangladesh

'Corresponding author. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

ABSTRACT

We people on earth are after resource because our survival is absolutely dependent upon the resource and that resource must be a growing resource be it naturally renewable natural resource or nonrenewable natural or manmade resource. In any case, resource management policy and practice is vital for achieving our daily necessities. This policy decision through awareness build-up leads us to resort to conservation practice and that people-oriented conservation practice may yield sustainable resource—a saving/eaming for today and tomorrow.

DEFINITION

18.1.1 DEFINITION OF CONSERVATION

A careful preservation and protection of something especially planned management of a natural resource to prevent exploitation, destruction, or neglect, water conservation, wildlife conservation, the preservation of a physical quantity and quality during transformations or reaction and interactions.

It may also be defined as the act of conserving, prevention of injury, decay, waste or loss, preservation, conservation of wildlife, conservation of human rights, conservation of river systems, forests, soil and other natural resources in a wise manner, ensuring derivation of their highest sustainable economic return in order to preserve and protect them through prudent management.

18.1.2 DEFINITION OF CONSERVANCY

Conservancy is an organization dedicated to the conservation of resources including bio-resources. The government departments like local government engineering department, public health service, city or municipal corporation do have conservancy through wise management of resources. Similarly, department of forestry, environment, water and many other organizations have their responsibilities to conserve natural resources both living and nonliving. The Nature Consen-ancy is a charitable environmental organization, headquartered in Aldington, Virginia, United States. Its mission is to “conserve” the lands and all other resources including human resources. Brandywine Consen-ancy works with individuals, government agencies, and private organizations to permanently protect and conserve land, water, and many other necessary resources for protecting water, land, wildlife, and future.

Science-based solution to tackle the biggest threat to our ocean is the recent development of conservancy in blue economy. Consen-ancy to support, among other tilings, its performance of the valuable function of shining a bright light on the development history, may be the guarantee of our future. Practicing conservation is an instrument to save and built up a sustainable resource.

18.1.3 CONSERVATION PRACTICES

Conservation practices are materializing the concept of conservation of resources wisely such that resource base does not decrease rather it increases and build up stronger resource base. This way of uses of resources of any kind is likely to ensure sustainable development of resource base particularly the renewable one. They are living resources like forests, trees, plants, agricultural crop, and aquatic resources. The nonliving nonrenewable resources like oil, gas, minerals are also to be wisely used through conservation practices.

18.1.4 CONSERVATION PRACTICES FOR RENEWABLE RESOURCES

Renewable resources are trees, plants, herbs, shrubs, climbers, annual, biennial, perennial trees. Fungi, algae, and Seaweeds are also renewable resources. These are all terrestrial living resources. Solar, water and wind energy are also renewable. The aquatic renewable resources are all fishes, the sweet water one is more artificially cultivated, mammal, reptiles, amphibian like frog, tortoise, turtle, crab some birds, and so on.

18.1.5 CONSERVATION PRACTICES FOR NONRENEWABLE RESOURCES

Conservation practices of nonrenewable resources are more necessary as the same once is exhausted cannot be renewed. It has no scope of regenerating because they are nonliving. The only scope is of importing them from overseas at the expenses of foreign exchange, so conservation practices of nonrenewable resources like oil, gas, coal, stones, and many other minerals are more essential than even renewable one.

18.1.6 SUSTAINABLE GOAL

The resource base is the baseline that needs to be maintained strictly such that its regeneration capacity is sustained, when the population increases and consequently the demand/consumption increases, the production or the regeneration cannot keep pace with the consumption. Naturally, the resource base goes down. The goal is not to go down below the baseline, baseline needs to be uplifted for higher production/regeneration. The goal is then obtained if necessary by higher input. In fact, the higher is the input, the higher becomes the output. The higher is the output, it becomes easier to redress the increased demand or earn by saving. So, the practice of resource conservation is an important tool for resource build-up for future.

18.1.7 SUSTAINABLE USE

Sustainable use is the conservation practice where resource base instead of being declined, continues to increase and gradually build up strong resource base. Here the resource use is so wisely done, the resource gradually becomes healthy and production surpass the demand.

18.1.8 SUSTAINABLE YIELD

The yield that is accrued is sustained and it continues to yield and add to the base. This results in build up a fatty resource base and continues to yield more and make it a strong resource base.

18.1.9 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

When the developed production rate continues to produce no less than achieved is sustainable development. Wise use of the resources may ensure sustainability and the future becomes all most risk free provided unwise use of resource does not take place.

 
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