Table of Contents:


Experiences in Canada and Sri Lanka in engaging citizens and various levels of government for effective One Health interventions related to wildlife have demonstrated some degree of success, but more can be done. Honestly engaging key stakeholder communities and ensuring they are involved in decision-making and implementation regarding highly valued ecosystem components, such as wildlife, is critical to success. Adopting adaptive management as a strategy for managing disease issues in wildlife in a One Health context helps ensure successful and long-lasting positive outcomes for all sectors of society, including wildlife, domestic animal, and human populations. Managing disease in wildlife populations is often portrayed as a two-sided, zero sum battle where one sector must lose something to allow' for positive outcomes in another sector. Experience in dealing with rabies surveillance and bovine ТВ control demonstrates that this does not have to be the case. Approaches that can benefit wildlife, domestic animals, and humans can be achieved if the practices outlined in this chapter are adopted and put in place for the long term. Strong leadership from government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and citizens will be necessary. This can happen with meaningful engagement at a local level where shared solutions are emphasized over drastic options which often only benefit one sector or group. Relationships are complicated and we should always expect a range of responses, but starting with those that are willing to engage and building trust through effective communication and knowledge sharing can result in transformative approaches that produce win-win scenarios.


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Brook, Ryan K. “Farmer Perceptions of Hay Yard Barrier Fence Effectiveness in Mitigating Bovine Tuberculosis Transmission among Elk (Cervus canadensis), White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and Cattle (Bos tarns).” Canadian Wildlife Biology and Management, 4, no. 1 (2015): 18-30.

Brook, Ryan K.. and Ste'phane M. McLachlan. “Factors Influencing Farmers’ Concerns Regarding Bovine Tuberculosis in Wildlife and Livestock Around Riding Mountain National Park.” Journal of Environmental Management, 80, no. 2 (2006): 156-166.

Brook, Ryan K„ and Stephane M. McLachlan. “Trends and Prospects for Local Knowledge in Ecological and Conservation Research and Monitoring." Biodiversity and Conservation, 17. no. 14 (2008): 3501-3512.

Brook, Ryan K., and Stephane M. McLachlan. “Transdisciplinary Habitat Models for Elk and Cattle as a Proxy for Bovine Tuberculosis Transmission Risk.” Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 91. no. 2-4 (2009): 197-208.

Brook, Ryan K., Eric Vander Wal, Floris M. van Beest, and Stephane M. McLachlan. “Evaluating Use of Cattle Winter Feeding Areas by Elk and White-Tailed Deer: Implications for Managing Bovine Tuberculosis Transmission Risk from the Ground Up." Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 108. no. 2-3 (2013): 137-147.

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Lees, V. Wayne. “Learning from Outbreaks of Bovine Tuberculosis Near Riding Mountain National Park: Applications to a Foreign Animal Disease Outbreak.” The Canadian Veterinary Journal, 45, no. 1 (2004): 28-34.

Lees, V. Wayne. Shelagh Copeland, and Pat Rousseau. “Manitoba: Bovine Tuberculosis in Elk (Cervus elaphus manitobensis) near Riding Mountain National Park. Manitoba, from 1992 to 2002.” The Canadian Veterinary Journal. 44. no. 10 (2003): 830-831.

Malani. Anup. and Ramanan Laxminarayan. “Incentives for Reporting Infectious Disease Outbreaks.” Journal of Human Resources, 46. no. 1 (2011): 176-202.

Miller, Ryan S., Matthew L. Farnsworth, and Jennifer L. Malmberg. “Diseases at the Livestock-Wildlife Interface: Status, Challenges, and Opportunities in the United States.” Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 110, no. 2 (2013): 119-132.

Miller, Michele, and Francisco Olea-Popelka. “One Health in the Shrinking World: Experiences with Tuberculosis at the Human-Livestock-Wildlife Interface.” Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 36, no. 3 (2013): 263-268.

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17 Navigating Social Norms

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