Psychosocial Health and Well-Being in High-Level Athletes

I. Foundations of psychosocial healthThe relevance of psychosocial health for high-level athletesThe varied meanings of healthWell-beingSport as an enhancer or debilitator of optimal psychosocial health and well-beingReferencesCognitive and emotional healthCognitive healthCognitive health and Masters athletesAssessment of cognitive health and function in athletesCritical thinkingEmotional healthPrimary emotional health issues for adultsEarly research on emotional health in athletesBeyond the iceberg: Current status and understanding of emotional health in athletesSport as a protective factor for emotional health concernsSport as a risk factor for emotional health concernsEmotional intelligenceConclusionReferencesSocial and spiritual healthSocial healthSocial supportSocial support in sportSpiritual healthSpirituality and religion in high-level athletesDispositional mindfulness in high-level athletesReferencesII. Threats to psychosocial healthOrganizational stressPsychological models of organizational stressPerson-environment fit modelJob demands-resources modelEffort-reward imbalance modelCybernetic theoryOrganizational stress in high-level sportPsychosocial health implications of organizational stress for high-level athletesFuture research directions for organizational stress and athlete psychosocial healthConclusionReferencesPerformance pressureWinning: The common denominator in psychological pressureThe context for psychological pressure in high-level sportThe evolution of psychological pressure across competitive levelsWeight and body pressure for athletes in leanness-focused sportsFuture research directionsConclusionReferencesAbuseEmotional abuse in sportSexual abuse in sportPsychosocial health consequences of abuse in sportFuture research directionsConclusionReferencesInjuryPsychosocial antecedents of sport injuryAndersen and Williams’ (1988) model of stress and athletic injuryThe role of the sport ethic in athletic injuryPsychosocial consequences of sport injurySpinal cord injuries and concussionsFuture research directionsConclusionReferencesTransitionsFoundations of transitionThe sport retirement transitionWithin-career sport transitionsFuture research directionsConclusionReferencesIII. Interventions and positive outcomesPreventionThe language and logic of preventionHealth promotion/positive development and universal prevention for athletesSelective prevention for athletesSport organization-developed prevention programming for athletesFuture directionsConclusionReferencesOrganizational practices and policyPolicy as the cornerstone of comprehensive prevention practicesThe spectrum of preventionUSOC athlete safety policyAAA policy platformU.S. Figure Skating policy on athlete health and well-beingConclusionReferencesTreatmentForms of psychosocial treatment for athletesPsychotherapyPsychoeducation and support groupsUnique barriers to psychosocial treatment in high-level athletesThe current state of psychosocial health treatment services for high-level athletesConclusionReferencesResilience and Adversarial GrowthResilienceAdversarial growthPromoting resilience and growth in high-level athletesConclusionReferences
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