Current Directions in Ostracism, Social Exclusion, and Rejection Research

Understanding common and diverse forms of social exclusionRejection-based exclusionOstracism-based exclusionFuture areas for theoretical developmentConclusionReferencesSocial ostracism as a factor motivating interest in extreme groupsOverviewTemporal need-threat model of ostracismNeed-threat model and interest in extreme groupsReduced uncertaintyEntitativityImpactAdditional reasons that extreme groups might be preferredConclusionReferencesAbout flames and boogeymen: social norms affect individuals’ construal of social exclusionThe reflexive response is cognitively mediatedGiving meaning to objective situations of not-being-partChanging meaningDifferent inclusion rules for those in powerDifferent political perspectives entail different social normsKnowledge about socially shared norms is keyMethodological paradigms as real-world analogiesA flame, a boogeyman, or both?A matter of timingConclusionReferencesExclusion and its impact on social information processingFace processingImpression formationFuture directionsConclusionReferencesDealing with social exclusion: an analysis of psychological strategiesChanging perspectiveRestoring the threatened needsDiscussionStrategies administered by othersConclusionReferencesHow self-talk promotes self-regulation: implications for coping with emotional painTheoretical rationaleFoundational studiesDoes distanced self-talk promote self-regulation under social stress?How does distanced self-talk influence people’s mental representations of stressful experiences?Generalizability, effort and developmentAn effortless form of self-control?Developmental trajectoryBroader implicationsWisdomMoral decision-makingMentoring and intergroup relationsMotivationOther ways to enhance psychological distance through languageConcluding commentReferencesHurt feelings: physical pain, social exclusion, and the psychology of pain overlapFeeling hurt and hurt feelings: the psychology of pain overlapWhat is pain?Historical considerationsPain overlap theoryA rose by any other name? “Physical” and “social”Are all hurts the same?Pain is not a passive perceptCommunicating painKnowing pain, using painConclusionsNotesReferencesPhysiostracism: a case for non-invasive measures of arousal in ostracism researchPhysiological measures and ostracismLimitations of invasive measuresThermal imagingPupillometryFuture directionsConclusionReferencesObserving ostracism: how observers interpret and respond to ostracism situationsInitial responses to observed ostracismAttributing and evaluating observed ostracismAttributions about ostracism under uncertaintyMisattributions of observed ostracismBehavioral responses to observed ostracismMethodological considerations when investigating observers of ostracismPractical implications: assisting observers to make informed judgmentsConclusionReferencesWorkplace ostracism: what’s it good for?IntroductionOstracism definedOstracism’s negative sideOstracism as an attractive responseBenefits of ostracismSummaryReferencesMoralization as legitimization for ostracism: effects on intergroup dynamics and social cohesionPersuasion and moralizationConsequences of moralizationMoralization as legitimization for ostracismMoralization: A lose–lose dynamic undermining social cohesionSummaryWhere do we go from here?ReferencesRejection sensitivity as a determinant of well-being during reentryThe stigma of criminal statusStructural stigmaIndividual stigma: sensitivity to rejectionRejection sensitivity and reentryEvidence of a rejection–expectation dynamic: the job searchFuture directions: the relationship between structural stigma and RSIntervention"Ban the box"Pathways to disruptionReferences
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