Intentional Self-Development and Positive Ageing: How Individuals Select and Pursue Life Goals

What is intentional self-development (ISD)?Preliminary remarks: The roles we play in lifePsychological approaches to ISDSelf and identitySelf-regulationSelf-efficacy, competence, and the development of controlSelf-efficiency and self-cultivationContingency, knowledge, and experience as prerequisites of self-efficient and self-cultivating actionsTime perspectives and the role of cultureLife planning and life management in adulthoodLife review: Historical embeddedness and cultureThe study of ISD: General courses and intraindividual changesISD, time, and cultureTheoretical perspectives and approaches to the study of ISDMechanistic models: The will as epiphenomenon and the steam-whistle hypothesisContextual models, dynamic interactionism, and developmental systemsConstructivismBiocultural co-constructionSummaryDevelopmental prerequisites and challenges across the lifespanAge-related changes in adulthoodDevelopment between growth and decline: Physical changes and diseasesChronic impairments and diseasesThe experience of an illness and copingStructural changes in the brain and cognitive declinePlasticity: Biological and cultural foundationLifestyle and physical exerciseIntention, volition, and action: Biological and neural processesVolition and involved brain regionsAffective neuroscience and emotional brain circuitsAge-related changes in brain functionsImplications and open questionsDevelopmental tasks and life plansMidlife transitionsLife tasks and developmental deadlinesChance encounters and non-normative life eventsDevelopmental regulation theoriesThe SOC modelThe motivational theory of lifespan developmentThe dual-process model of assimilation and accommodationLimits of intentional controlSummaryThe role of non-intentional processes, affect, and evaluationA short-term perspective on ISD: Mental processes in social contextThe interconnection of events and intentionsSources of behaviour and developmentIntentions between conscious and unconscious processes: A pendulumFrom intentions to actionsPlans and volitionsMental control strategiesGoals and everyday problem solvingLimits of intentional control: The role of affectSocio-emotional developmentEmotion regulationAffective processing in action regulation: Counter-regulation and control-dependencyFrom attitudes to intentionsAttitude-behaviour relations: Moderating processesChangeability of attitudes and preferencesValues and intentionsAge differences of attitudes and values in adulthoodImplicit attitude measurementThe adaptive function of attitudes in adulthoodSummaryCognitive-motivational processes of intentional self-developmentExpectation and attributionExpectation-value modelsAttributionsDecision-making between rational choice, uncertainty, and randomnessDecisions and heuristicsUncertainty and randomnessConscious control and automatic information processingAttention and cognitive controlExogenous and endogenous influencesCognitive routines and mental setsCongruity and dissonancePreference and similarity judgementsPerception and context effectsLifelong learning and memoryLearning and differentiationAutobiographical memoryThe structure of the concept of action: The difficultiesSummaryPositive development and resiliencePositive development in the face of adversity: The process of resilienceResilience from a developmental perspectiveThe role of intentionsEvaluation criteria for development: Equilibrium and structural characteristicsEquilibrium and disequilibriumEquilibrium and structural features of the selfStability, growth, and declineDimensions of well-being and developmental maturityQuality of life: Subjective and objective criteriaHedonic and eudaimonic well-beingWisdom and personality growthSummaryBalance and dimensions of meaningBalance as a challengeThe concept of balance in psychological modelsBalance from an intentional point of viewMistakes and freedom of interpretationDimensions of meaning and areas of actionZōon politikonLove and workHomo ludens, beauty, and the art of livingTranscendence, religious beliefs, and spiritual experienceSummary and concluding remarks
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