The Routledge Handbook of Critical Social Work

AcknowledgementsSetting the scene for critical social workRedefining the meaning of critical social workHandbook structure and contentPolitical ontology and innovation in critical social workTaking a political stance in social workNoteReferencesI: Historical, social and political influencesWelfare words, neoliberalism and critical social workIntroductionWelfare words, critical social work and social policyKeywordsA welfare words approachExamples of welfare wordsRhetorically recalibrated neoliberalismWelfare words, social work and critically disruptive thinkingConclusionReferencesNeoliberal relations of poverty and the welfare stateNeoliberal relations of povertyNeoliberalism definedNeoliberal welfareConclusionReferencesMarxist social work: an international and historical perspectiveIntroductionFoundations of Marxist social workMarxist analyses of the stateMarxist approaches to social work under capitalismPopular social workMarxist approaches to social work under socialismConclusionNoteReferencesCritical social work in the U.S.: challenges and conflictsIntroductionThe evolution of critical social work in the U.S.The influence of socialismVoices of contemporary critical social workersContemporary challenges and conflictsResponding to contemporary challengesConclusionReferencesThe rise of the global state paradigm: implications for social workIntroductionThe globalisation of the welfare stateThe role of supranational bodies – the European Union (EU)Growth of inequalityRise of the global state paradigmGovernmentalisation – insights from Michel Foucault and Jürgen HabermasImplications for critical social workConclusionNoteReferencesII: Mapping the theoretical and conceptual terrainCritical theory and critical social workIntroductionWhat is critical theory?Influences and key themesCritical theory as methodCritical theory and societyCritical social work and critical theoryThe influence of critical theory on critical social workCritical theory and welfare organizations under neoliberalismConclusion: critical theory and welfare in the twenty-first centuryReferencesRe-imagining social theory for social workIntroduction: sociology and critical social workSocial work, sociology and social theory(Mis)conceiving social theory within social workReconceiving social theory for social workReconstructing the conditions of reception for critical social workConclusionReferencesAnarchism and social workIntroductionAnarchismAnarchism in theory, practice and organisationAutonomy, choice and responsibilitySolidarity, mutual aid and human nature – modelling an anarchist futureProblems of the State and the alternatives of direct democracy, decentralisation and confederalismAnarchist social workPolicy and organisationAnarchist social work practiceReferencesRelational constructivism and relational social workRelational perspectivesConstructivist frameworkLife-world and living conditionsPhenomenology, critical theory and social sciences: terminological rootsLife-world and living conditions as relational constructsObserving and understanding life-worlds and living conditionsThe relational construction of powerEnforcement and refusal potentialsInstructive power and destructive powerConclusionNotesReferencesExtending Bourdieu for critical social workIntroductionBourdieu’s conceptual cacheImplications for social workEnhancing professional reflexivityDeveloping cultural and political sensitivityRaising awareness and empoweringEnlarging Bourdieu’s cache for social workConclusionReferencesWhy psychosocial thinking is criticalReferencesFeminist contributions to critical social workIntroductionThe beginnings of feminism and of social work, 1840s to 1920sThe emergence of feminist social work, 1960s to 1980sPostmodern feminism comes to the fore, 1990s onwardsCritical feminism today – lessons from the global North and global SouthConclusionReferencesThe politics of Michel FoucaultIntroductionMarxismAnti-CommunismSocialismMichel Foucault and the neoliberal wayMichel Foucault and the ‘third way’ConclusionNotesReferencesResistance, biopolitics and radical passivityEnter Agamben the anarchistThe ideology of the operativeAgamben and inoperativityBecoming ungovernable and radical passivityMutiny at the marginsNoteReferencesIII: Methods of engagement and modes of analysisCritical race theory and social workCritical race theory and social workCritical Race TheoryThe importance of CRT in discussing contemporary race issuesCritical Race Theory’s fit with social workApplying Critical Race TheoryConclusionReferencesIndigenous peoples and communities: a critical theory perspectiveOf means and endsThe past as a catalyst for the present and a promise for the futureTaking up the gauntlet to find the way forwardReferencesPostcolonial feminist social workPostcolonial feminist social workWomen’s empowerment and gender equality initiativesWomen’s labor force participationFinancial inclusionPopular development discourseGlobalization and global inequalityGlobal inequalityThe role of discourse in shaping responsesCollective resistance and alternative pathwaysUnion organizingPartnershipsRecognizing privilege and building solidarityConclusionReferencesCritical discourse analysis and social workIntroductionFour key concepts of CDADiscourse is constitutive and constituted (dialectical)Discourse functions ideologically (‘orders of discourse’ as dominant social practices).Language in its social context (three-dimensional analysis)A textual analysisChallenging the orthodoxies of practice through the discursiveReferencesControversy analysis: contributions to the radical agendaIntroductionConflictFollow the actorsControversy and social workHidden issues in controversy analysisParticipationConclusionReferencesNarrative analysis and critical social workIntroductionA meta-critical position and the use of narrativesTheory: narratives, critical social work, and the selfCritical social workNarratives and the selfA multi-dimensional modelThe multi-dimensional model applied to addictionMethodological challengesA critical reflexive methodologyThe actor–spectator paradox and narrative analysisNarrative case analysisConclusionReferencesIV: Critical contexts for practice and policyIV.1 Issues, geographies and politicsGreen social work, political ecology and environmental justiceIntroductionTheorising green social workPolitical ecology and green social workGreen social work in practiceConclusionReferencesSecuritising social work: counter terrorism, extremism, and radicalisationIntroductionThe global contextThe policy contextCriticisms of PREVENTProponents of PREVENTThe appropriation of safeguardingSecuritisation theorySecuritisation, social work and safeguardingImplications for social work policy and practiceConclusionNoteReferencesIssues of ageing, social class, and povertyIntroductionAgeing and rescinded careDemographic and social changes affecting older peoplePolitical tensions between ethical codes, complexity and inequality within ageingBioethics and ageingAlternative paradigms for ageing: post-structural, critical and indigenous ethicsConclusionReferencesCritical social work in the new urban ageIntroductionSocial work and the urban ageUrban futures – prospects and possibilitiesA critical social work for the urban age?ConclusionNotesReferencesParents organizing a grassroots movement to reform child welfareMajor changes in NYC child welfare system in the past 25 yearsWhat hasn’t changed in child welfareThe process of changeThe role of executive of the Child Welfare FundCWOPStages of the Parents MovementCurrent stage of reformConclusionReferencesIncorporating rurality into a critical ethics of intellectual disability careIntroductionUnderstanding the complexity of transitions: the ethics and politics of long-term careResearch designMaternal subjectivity and careUncertain futures and bounded choices: planning the care transitionConclusionNoteReferencesNeoliberal regimes of welfare in ScandinaviaA society on the moveTraces of neoliberalizationSocial work and changing welfare states – the neoliberal challengeSo where do the dominant neoliberal policies take us?NotesReferencesPerformativity and sociomaterial becoming: what technologies doIntroductionMaking sense of our relationship with technologiesPerformativity: becoming enacted through the ontological doings of technologiesReferencesIV.2 Justice, empowerment and service usersChallenging scapegoating mechanisms: mimetic desire and self-directed groupworkOverview of self-directed groupworkGirard’s theory of mimetic desireApplying Girard’s theory of mimetic desire to self-directed groupworkConclusionReferencesVulnerability and the myth of autonomyIntroductionNeoliberalism, individualism and the welfare stateFineman and the vulnerable subjectThe liberal subject and the discourse of rightsThe liberal subjectMore on the vulnerable subjectSocial work and vulnerabilityConclusionReferencesFoodbanks, austerity and critical social workIntroductionBuilding evidenceWelfare reformCritical social work and political responses to food povertyCan foodbanks be counter-practice?The politics of gatekeepingFoodbank plus?Further monitoring?Critical social work in practiceThe poverty-aware paradigm (PAP)ConclusionReferencesAgeing, veterans and offending: challenges for critical social workThe power of discourse, ageing and identityUnderstanding ageing and offending – the identity construction of the veteranCriminal justice and critical social workThe ageing veteran offender: implications for critical social workConclusionReferences“Do you really want this in front of a judge?” Age assessment with unaccompanied refugee childrenUASCs in law, policy and practiceAge assessmentActor network theory (ANT) as methodProblematisation: what is the issue?Interessement and enrolment: positioning the actorsMobilisation: inscription and circulationReversing the irreversible?ConclusionNotesReferencesToward a multispecies home: bedbugs and the politics of non-human relationsIntroductionSocial work and environmentGovanhill in GlasgowBedbugsHorrorExtermination and the insecticide ‘pharmakon’Toward the multispecies homeEthics and ethologyReferencesAdoption, child rescue, maltreatment and povertyIntroduction: adoption in contextAdoption and child protection discourses from the mid-1970sThe critique of ‘care’ and the increase in adoption as a child protection measureA children’s rights perspective and the interpretation of the ‘right to family life’Maltreatment, poverty and adoption: psychological and ecological discoursesWhose interests does adoption serve now?The child as potential beneficiary of modern adoption policy and practiceDoes modern adoption meet the needs of birth mothers and fathers?Prospective adopters and adoptive parents and their familiesWhat do governments and child protection agencies gain from adoptions from care?ConclusionNoteReferencesCritical debates in child protection: the production of risk in changing timesIntroductionRisk in context: management and direct practice modelsThe politics of early interventionDiscourse and knowledge – intimate partner violence (IVP) and neurosciencePredictive algorithms in child protectionRisk work and the war on terrorConclusionReferencesLGBT issues and critical social workIntroductionRecognising LGBT movementsThe failure to address LGBT issues in social workDeveloping a critical knowledge base: queer and post-queer contributionsConclusion: from critical knowledge to critical practice?NoteReferencesV: Professional education and socialisationPromoting activism and critical social work educationIntroductionSocial work education as a catalyst for promoting activism?Neoliberalism and the rise of establishment social work educationCritical pedagogyCritical pedagogy, social work education and activismImplications of a critical social work education for activist practiceConclusionReferencesSocial work education and the challenge of neoliberal hegemonyIntroductionMethodologyResultsDiscussion of findingsImplications for social work educationConclusionReferencesEmbedding critical reflection across the curriculumExamples of embedding critical reflection in the curriculumKey aspects of embedding critical reflection in the curriculumStages of developing critically reflective capacityCritical reflection being transformative and therapeuticConclusionReferencesContesting doxa in social work educationSocial work education under conditions of neoliberalismSocial work students’ political activityEnabling a pedagogy of discomfort and challengeDeveloping a critical voiceConclusionNotesReferencesInsinuating: understanding approaches to critical practiceIntroductionTo insinuateApproaching from concealmentUnderstanding destructive practicesResearch design and methodData collection and analysisInterpretation and findingsConclusionReferencesResponding to neoliberalism in social work education: a neo-Gramscian approachIntroductionThe impact of neoliberalism on social workA neo-Gramscian approach to understanding neoliberalismThe hailing of social work and the manufacturing of consentSocial work’s disruption and resistance to neoliberalismConclusionReferencesVI: Future challenges, directions and transformationsReprioritising social work practice: towards a critical reconnection of the personal and the socialIntroduction: Where is the practitioner’s voice?Challenging the devaluing of social work practiceThe contribution of radical social workSocial work’s knowledge base and the emergence of user movementsThe challenge of user researchRevaluing experiential knowledgeThe importance of first and second person knowledgeThe social worker and second person dataSpeaking for ourselvesThe social work relationshipWhat service users sayConclusionReferencesResponding to political polarization: the new social work radicalismIntroductionLearning from our historyActive collusion with the StateProfessional neutralityA social work of resistanceThe new social work radicalismThe New Approach group, HungaryThe Orange Tide, SpainBoston Health Liberation GroupThe Social Work Action Network (SWAN)The Progressive Welfare Network, Hong KongThe new social work radicalism: themes and prospectsConclusionReferencesPopular social workIntroduction: social work and social movementsThinking about social work once moreThe popular roots of a more radical social workConclusionReferencesChallenging harmful political contexts through activismNeoliberalismThe politics of activist social workSocial work activism, local and global: conundrumsAsylum seeker rightsIslamophobiaSteps forward for social workersReferencesImperialism, colonialism and a Marxist epistemology of ‘critical peace’Imperial aspirations and colonial practiceDirect and indirect colonial violenceCritical peace and unifying narratives of resistanceReferences
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