Natural Resource Conflicts and Sustainable Development


I. Overview of natural resource use conflicts in relation to sustainable developmentThe sustainability paradox and the conflicts on the use of natural resourcesTheme one - human-environment relationshipTheme two - justice and equity dimensionsTheme three - conflict resolution/transformation and pathways towards sustainabilityThe structure of this bookReferencesNatural resource conflicts in the CapitaloceneAnthropocene versus CapitaloceneThe transition to new narratives and new realitiesResistanceSearching for alternativesConclusionNoteReferencesWater, conflict and social sustainability: Bringing power into the water security discourseThe concepts of ‘conflict’, ‘scarcity’ and ‘power’The relationship between scarcity and conflictThe water context: different types of conflicts and perspectives on conflict and cooperationThe water context: risk and water (in)securityWater, sustainable development and social sustainabilitySustainable development, different populations and conflictAddressing the social sustainability of water management systems: a factor in creating water securityConclusionNotesReferencesForest-related community-outsider conflicts through the lens of property rights, access and powerTenure, ownership, access and powerConflicts between local communities and plantation ownersConflicts around biodiversity conservationTenure reformsSummary and conclusionReferencesConflicts in the management of fisheries: The change in roles and perception of the Swedish fishing industryGeneral aspects of the governance of fisheriesThe Swedish government’s role - the encouragement to increase fishingEstablishment of fisheries organisations and voluntary self-managementFurther development of the Swedish fishery and fisheries managementPost war-1970s - modernisation and expansion and depletion of the herring fisheryThe 1970s - establishment of modem fisheries managementThe 1980s — the Baltic cod booms — a chaotic cod fishery, Swedish accession to the EU and the Common Fisheries PolicyEU reform in 2002EU Common Fisheries Policy reform 2013Changed roles for the Swedish fisheries managementThe former Swedish voluntary scheme in today’s contextBalance conflicts and cooperation for future fisheries managementConclusionNoteAcknowledgementsReferencesII. Case StudiesThe raptor and the lamb: Reintroduction of carnivores in agricultural landscapes in IrelandMethodsWhite-tailed sea eagleSpecies reintroduction - sea eaglesHill Sheep farmers and conservationistsA history of unresolved disputesSea eagle poisoningHighly mediatised dead eagles giving out the wrong messageDiscussion and conclusionNoteAcknowledgementsReferencesFrom dystopia to utopia — and back again: The case of the Van Gujjar forest pastoralists in the Indian HimalayasPastoralism through Himalayan landscapesAn epic journeyDestroyers or protectorsDystopiaOut of the woodsThe role of NGOs as agents of changeImagining a utopia in Himalayan forestDiscussionNoteAcknowledgementsReferencesUndermining the resource ground: Extractive violence on Laevas and Adnyamathanha landExtractive violence on Indigenous countryAsymmetric power relations in Sweden and AustraliaNuclear waste on Adnyamathanha CountryLaevas and LKAB - cooperation or coercion?Violence present in the systemConclusionNoteReferencesForest governance in postagreement ColombiaA brief history of natural resource conflicts in the AmazonWho owns the Amazon - Rights to forest land in ColombiaPost agreement, sustainable development and forest governance in the Columbian AmazonForest governance in a post-agreement Colombia - possible ways aheadConclusionReferencesTo change, or not to change? The transboundary water question in the Nile BasinBackground - a century of regime building and contestationHistorical/current uses versus future uses: Two conflicting paradigms?The long-lasting assumptions behind the paradigmsHistorical/existing uses paradigmFood securityEnergy securityStorage securityFuture uses paradigmIncreasing water withdrawalsIncreasing storage capacityConflict resolution and transformation in the Nile BasinThe trilateral processThe multilateral processConclusions on the way forwardReferencesIII. Transforming natural resource conflictsBenefit sharing for project risk- conflict reduction and fostering sustainable development: Current understanding and mechanismsHistory, rationale and concept of benefit sharingOrigins of benefit sharing in the hydropower sectorBenefit sharing principlesConflicts around hydropower and, in general, large-scale infrastructure developmentGlobal financing for hydropower projects and the surge for using benefit sharing approachesCurrent status of hydropower development and new paradigms - fostering conflict minimisation and sustainable developmentFraming benefit sharingDisentangling benefit sharing and mechanismsBenefit sharing mechanisms - typologyConcluding key elements and enablers of benefit sharingSocial acceptance to operate hydropower projectsMaking benefit sharing plans tangibleNotesReferencesPower and knowledge use in coastal conflict resolutionCoastal conflictsConflict resolution and transformationPower and knowledge in conflict resolutionThree conflicts from Belgium, the UK and SwedenExpansion of the inland harbour, Zeebrugge, BelgiumRegeneration and development of contaminated land, Portsmouth, UKThe Gothenburg port expansion in Torsviken, SwedenDiscussionConclusionsNotesAcknowledgementsReferencesEnvironmental conflicts: Towards theoretical analyses of social- ecological systemsNatural resource use conflicts: The research problemsThe knowledge basis of environmental conflict researchEmpirical research — the phenomenology of resource use conflictsMethods of conflict resolutionTheoretical knowledge — frameworks for conflict researchIntegrating conflict research - interdisciplinary and social- ecological perspectivesThe lack of knowledge integration in environmental conflict research and managementSocial-ecological systems - developing integrative perspectives of nature-society interaction for conflict researchConclusions - interdisciplinary knowledge synthesis and its difficultiesAcknowledgementsReferencesThe transformative potential of the food system concept: Sustainability conflicts or sustainability transitions?Introduction - global food systems and food securityThe scope of food system issues and their connection to the Sustainable Development GoalsCluster I: SDG2: No hunger, Food and nutrition security, Sustainable agriculture, Crop diversity. SDG 17: Multi-stakeholder partnershipCluster II: SDG 2, 3: Health and well-being, Food and nutrition security. SDG 16: Peace, justice and strong institutionsCluster III: SDG 4, 5, 10: Equitable and lifelong learning, Intersectional equality, Improved economic equality. SDG 16: Peace, justice and strong institutionsCluster IV: SDG 1: No poverty. SDG 8, 9: Good work opportunities and sustainable economic growth, Innovations and infrastructureCluster V: SDG 7: Renewable and sustainable energy. SDG 13: Climate change mitigation and adaptationCluster VI: SDG 6: Clean water and sanitation. SDG 14, 15: Life on land and below water (marine and fresh water) - biodiversityCluster VII: SDG 9, 10, 11: Improved urban-rural linkages with reduced urban-rural inequalities and improved infrastructure. SDG 12: Responsible consumption and productionFood, the Sustainable Development Goals and conflictsWhat is a sustainable food system?On the transformative potential of food systemsPathways towards sustainability transitionsFood systems and (pathways towards) sustainability transitionsConclusionNoteReferences
 
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