Appendix A: Medical humanities curricular and co-curricular offerings, by Canadian medical school (2005-2006)

Medical school2

MH curricular exposure, by YR:1

MH disciplines /content1’"

Curriculum integration6

Alberta, University of

1,2,3,4

Arts—/ Hum-/ SS—✓

Required

Optional

Co-curricular

Calgary, University of

1

Hum—H

Optional

Co-curricular

Dalhousie University

?,?,?,?

Arts—/ Hum—B/P SS—■/

Required

Optional

Manitoba, University of

?,?,?,?

Hum—В/P, H SS—HL (1)

Required

McGill University

4

Arts—/ Hum-/ SS—■/

Required

McMaster University*

?,?,?

Arts—/ Hum-/ SS—■/

Required (“but unstructured and tutor-dependent”)

Memorial University of Newfoundland

1,2

Arts—F, L/N Hum—В/P, H SS—HL

Required

Northern Ontario

School of Medicine4

"Still unfolding”

Hum—H

/ Required / / Optional j

Ottawa, University of

1,2

Hum—H

Required

Optional

Queen’s University

1,2

Arts—L/N Hum—В/P, H SS—HL, HE

Required

Optional

Saskatchewan, University of

1

Hum—B/P SS—■/

Required

(continued)

Table A36.1 (continued)

Medical schooP

MH curricular exposure, by YR1

MH disciplines/content**

Curriculum integrationll

British Columbia, University of

1,2

Hum—B/P SS—A

Required

Toronto, University of

1,2

Hum—B/P SS—HL

Other— “The Healer's Art" elective

Required

Optional

Western University

1,2,4

Arts—CW, F, L/N, T/P Hum—B/P SS—HL

Required

Optional

Notes

'Extracted from Kidd and Connor’s (2008) Table 1, ‘Brief program descriptions’; NB: content that did not easily fit within a humanities discipline (e.g., sexual medicine, palliative care) was not included in this summary.

  • 2Only 14 medical schools responded to Kidd and Connor’s (2008) key informant survey (Universite Laval, Universite de Sherbrooke and Universite de Montreal did not respond).
  • 3The University of Calgary and McMaster University have three-year undergraduate medical degree programmes.
  • 4The Northern Ontario Medical School had just enrolled its first cohort of students in 2005; Kidd and Connor conducted their interviews between 07/2005 and 01/2006.

Legend

a? denotes that while inclusion of medical humanities content was described, it was unclear in which year(s) this occurred.

bMH disciplines/course content: (1) Arts—CW: Creative Writing, F: Film, L/N: Literature/Narrative, T/P: Theatre/Performance; (2) Hum (Humanities)—В/P: Bioethics/Philosophy, H: History; (3) SS (Social Sciences)—A: Anthropology, HL: Health Law, HE: Health Economics; ^used to denote a global reference to “medical humanities,” or “arts, humanities and social sciences.”

cCurricular integration: Required (courses, lectures, activities); Optional (lectures, electives, activities); Co-curricular (interest/discussion groups, lectures).

Appendix В: Admissions and medical/health humanities curriculum characteristics by medical school (2014/2015)

Medical school

Open

admission?'

Curricular exposure, by YR

МИ discipi in cs /con tent*

Curricu lu m in tegratiot?

Interprof 1 learning?

Assessment'

Who teaches?

faculty

dev’t?

funding

Website(s) (2016)’

Alberta, University

of

(.,=2

respondents)1

Yes

1.2.3.4

Arts—CW, F, L/N. R.

T/P, VA Hum—В/P, H, S SS—A, S

Other—White Coat

Ceremony, Health Design

Core Curriculum—M, О Elective—S, L

Yes

Production Feedback T/Exam Attendance

MDs. Other health professionals, PhDs, Artists, Other—Patients

Yes

Internal

External

Donations,

volunteers

vvww .m ed.ualb erta. ca /p rogra ms / ahhm

vvww .b i oe thi cs. ualb erta. ca www jiicd. ualb erta. ca / communities/horn

Calgary,2 University of (n-2)

Yes

1.2*4

Arts—CW. F, L/N, R, T/l>. VA*

Hum—В/P. H SS—A*,S*

Core Curriculum—M, О Elective—S

Other—Guide to humanities teaching resource

Yes

Production

Feedback

Attendance

MDs, Other health professionals, PhDs. Artists

Yes

Internal

Donations,

volunteers*

www.ucalgiry. ca /h eal thh u nun it ies https://hom.ucalgary.ca

Dalhousie

University

(n-1)

Yes

i

Arts—L/N. T/P Hum—В/P, H

Core Curriculum—M, О Elective—S

Yes

Production T/Exam Attendance

MDs. Artists

No

External

http://humanitics.mcdicinc.dal.ca

Laval,

University

No

1.2

Arts—L/N, R. VA Hum— B/P SS—A. S

Core Curriculum—M, О Elective—S

No

Production

Feedback

MDs, PhDs

No

. . . None reported

Manitoba,

University of (n-1)

Yes

1.2.3.4

Arts—F. L/N. R, VA Hum—В/P. H, S SS—s

Core Curriculum—M

Yes

Production

Feedback

Attendance

MDs. Artists

Yes

Internal

Donations,

volunteers

McGill University1 (n=2)d

Yes

1,2,3,4

Arts—L/N*. R Hum—В/P*, H* SS—A*.S

Core Curriculum—M, O* Elective—S*

Yes

Production Feedback T/Exam Attendance

MDs, PhDs

Yes

Internal*

Donations,

volunteers*

www.m cgi 11. ca /sso m

McMaster

University2 (n=2)

Yes*

1.2*

Arts—CW*. L/N. R, T/P*. VA* Hum—В/P, H*,S* SS—A*

Core Curriculum—M Electives—S*,L*

Yes*

Feedback

Attendance*

MDs. Other health professionals,* PhDs*

Yes

Internal*

Donations,

volunteers*

Memorial

University of Newfoundland (n-2)

Yes

1.2.3*

Arts—F*. L/N. R, T/P*, VA* Hum—В/P*. H SS—S*

Other—White Coat Ceivmony

Core Curriculum—M, O* Elective—S*

Yes

Production*

Feedback

Attendance*

PhDs, Artists*

No

External

www.m ed.mun.ca/ CommunityHealth

(continued)

Medical school

Open

admission

C utricular exposure, by YR

M И discipli n es /conten

Cm rricu In m in tegratioif

Interjirof’l

learning?

Assessment*

Who teaches?

Faculty

dev’t?

Funding

Wcbsilefs) (2016f

Montreal,

Universite dex

(n-1)

Yes

1.2.3.4

Arts—R Hum—В/P, H ss—s

Ot he r—Min dful ness

Core Curriculum—M. О Elective—S

Yes

Feedback

T/Exam

Attendance

MDs, Other health professionals. Other—Patients

Yes

. . . None reported

http:/ / mcdccinc.umontrcal.ca/

faculte/direction-collaboration- pa rtenari at-pa tien t http://medec me.

umontrcal.ca/faculte/ bureau-de-lethique-clinique

Northern Ontario School of Medicine

Yes

1.2.3.4

Hum—В/P. H.S SS—A. S

Core Curriculum—M. О

Yes

Production T /Exam Feedback Attendance

MDs. Other health profess ionals, PhDs, Other— Patients, Elders

Unknown

Unknown

Ottawa, University

of

(n-2)

Yes

1,2,3,4*

Arts—CW*, D*. F, L/N, M*. R*. VA Hum—В/P. H SS—S*

Other—Mindfulness*

Core Curriculum—M, O*

Electives—S, L

Other—Certificate option

Yes

Production*

Feedback

T/Exam*

Attendance

MDs. Other health professionals, PhDs,* Artists

Yes

Internal

http://med.uottavva.ca/

department-innovation/ education-and-training/ medicine-and-humanities- program

Qu ecu's Uni versi ly (n-2)

Yes

1.2*.3* .4*

Arts—CW*. F*. L/N. M*.

R, T/P* VA*

Hum—В/P, H, S SS—S*

Other—Health Law*

Core Curriculum—M. O* Electives—S, L*

Yes*

Production Feedback T /Exam Attendance*

MDs. PhDs*.

Other* — Lawyers, IJbrarian

Yes*

Intern al External* Donations,

volunteers*

http://meds.queensu.ca/medicine/ histm /с ore.html

http://post.queensu.ca/~forsdyke/ john_austin_society.htm

Saskatchewan, University of

(n-1)

Yes*

i

Arts—CW, L/N, M, R*.

T/P. VA (6)

Hum—В/P. H, S*

SS—A*. S*

Core Curriculum—M

Yes

Production

Feedback*

Attendance*

MDs. PhDs. Artists*

No

Internal

https://mcdicinc.usask.ca/

department/clinic al/ surgery- pages/su rgi ca 1 hu man it i es. ph p

Sherbrooke,

Universite dex (n-1)

No

1,2,3,4

Arts—R Hum—В/P. H

Core Curriculum—M

Yes

Feedback T /Exam

MDs, Other health professionals

Yes

Internal

British Columbia, University of

(n-D

Yes

1.2.4

Arts—L/N. R. VA Hum—В/P. H, S

Core Curriculum—M. О Electives—S

Yes

Feedback

T/Exam

Attendance

MDs. Other health profess ionals, PhDs.

Arttsts

No

External

http://heartfelt.med.ubc.ca

Toronto,

University of (n-2)

No

1,2,3,4

Arts—CW, F, L/N, M*,R, T/l>. VA

Hum—В/P, H, S*

SS—A*. S

Core Curriculum—M*, О Electives—S*. L Other—Certificate option; curated narrative medicine content (upon request)

Yes

Production*

Feedback

T/Exam*

Attendance

MDs, Other health professionals. Artists

Yes

Internal

http://health-humanities.com

Western University (n-2)

Yes

1,2,3,4

Arts—F*. L/N. R Hum—В/P, H*

Core Curriculum—M Electives—S*

Yes

Production

Feedback

T/Exam*

Attendance

MDs, Other health professionals*. PhDs*

Yes

Internal

External

http://narrativemedicineat western, ca

Notes

'n=2 faculty members collaboratively responded to, and submitted a single survey.

"The University of Calgary and McMaster University have three-year undergraduate medical degree programmes.

  • 3In Quebec, students can apply to medical school directly after completing CEGEP (undergraduate study in science or another area of study is not required).
  • 4When two faculty members from the same medical school completed separate online surveys, all positive endorsements were recorded (it was assumed that key informants would likely have knowledge of different educational offerings at their medical school); the symbol * denotes a positive response endorsed by only one of the key informants in these cases.

Legend

Юреп admission: 'Yes’ indicates the key informant(s) described policies and procedures at their medical school which supported admission of students across a range of disciplines (and not exclusively those who majored in science).

bMH discipline/course content codes: (1) Arts—CW: Creative Writing, D: Dance, F: Film, L/N: Literature/Narrative, M: Music, R: Reflective Exercises, T/P: Theatre/ Performance, VA: Visual Art; (2) Hum (Humanities)—В/P: Bioethics/Philosophy, H: History, S: Spirituality; (3) SS (Social Sciences)—A: Anthropology, S: Sociology. ‘Curricular integration: (1) Core Curriculum—M: Mandatory, or O: Optional (lectures, seminars, small group sessions, assignment or activity); (2) Elective—S: Stand-alone (time-limited/one-off); L: Longitudinal.

dAssessment: *1) Attendance—pass/fail based on attendance; (2) T/Exam—tests/examination: to assess recall of facts/ concepts; (3) Feedback—via evaluation forms, rubrics, written feedback and discussion (including peer assessment): to assess understanding, directed to enhancing skill/ability in applying understanding in new situations; (4) Production— submission of creative work, essays, portfolios, presentations, etc.: providing evidence of application of, or opportunity to extend learning (new insights).

‘Funding: (1) Internal—dedicated and ad hoc, via UME programme or course funding (in support of humanities programming, faculty leads, etc.); (2) External—endowed grants, research funding; (3) Donations, Volunteers—including active fundraising and fund development efforts.

'Website(s): Several key informants described plans for introducing an online presence within or linked to their medical school’s website, when they responded to this survey question. MH-related URLs listed in this column include both those provided by key informants (n=9), as well as eight additional URLs we identified when we subsequently scanned the websites of all 17 medical schools in April 2016 (the latter set included URLs associated with both new as well as long-established websites).

Appendix С: Medical/health humanities co-curricular opportunities by medical school (2014/2015)

Medical school

Interest/study groups2

Performances, art shows, etc.b

Blogs, Websites, publications

Lectures, workshops*

Conferences

Research

Awards/contests

Alberta,

University of (n=2 respondents)1

Calgary University of (n=2)

✓* *

Dal lion sie University

(n=l)

Laval,

University

(n=l)

Manitoba, University of

(n=l)

McGill

University

(n=2)d

v' *

✓*

McMaster

University

(n=2)

v' *

Memorial

Un ivers it у of Newfou nil la nil (n=2)

v'’ *

v' *

✓*

Montreal, Universite de

(n=l)

Northern Ontario School of Medicine

(n=l)

Ottawa, University of (n=2)

■/ ж

■/ Ж

Queen’s

University

(n=2)

v' [1]

v' [1]

v' [1]

у/ Ж

у/ Ж

у/ Ж

Saskatchewan, University of

(n=l)

v'' [1]

V [1]

■/ ж

■/ Ж

Sherbrooke, University de (n=l)

British Columbia, University of

(n=l)

Toronto, University of (n=2)

v' [1]

у/ Ж

Western

University

(n=2)

v'' [1]

V [1]

V [1]

■/ ж

Notes

  • [1] n=2 faculty members collaboratively responded to and submitted a single survey. 2When two faculty members from the same medical school completed separate online surveys, all positive endorsements were recorded (it was assumed that keyinformants would likely have knowledge of different educational offerings at their medical school); the symbol 1 denotes a positive response endorsed by only one ofthe key informants in these cases. Legend includes ongoing groups, including, book and journal clubs, etc. bIncludes art shows, musical/theatrical performances (choirs/bands), literary readings, spoken word events, etc. 'Stand-alone, optional; workshops including content focused on visual, literary and other MH-related topics.
  • [2] n=2 faculty members collaboratively responded to and submitted a single survey. 2When two faculty members from the same medical school completed separate online surveys, all positive endorsements were recorded (it was assumed that keyinformants would likely have knowledge of different educational offerings at their medical school); the symbol 1 denotes a positive response endorsed by only one ofthe key informants in these cases. Legend includes ongoing groups, including, book and journal clubs, etc. bIncludes art shows, musical/theatrical performances (choirs/bands), literary readings, spoken word events, etc. 'Stand-alone, optional; workshops including content focused on visual, literary and other MH-related topics.
  • [3] n=2 faculty members collaboratively responded to and submitted a single survey. 2When two faculty members from the same medical school completed separate online surveys, all positive endorsements were recorded (it was assumed that keyinformants would likely have knowledge of different educational offerings at their medical school); the symbol 1 denotes a positive response endorsed by only one ofthe key informants in these cases. Legend includes ongoing groups, including, book and journal clubs, etc. bIncludes art shows, musical/theatrical performances (choirs/bands), literary readings, spoken word events, etc. 'Stand-alone, optional; workshops including content focused on visual, literary and other MH-related topics.
  • [4] n=2 faculty members collaboratively responded to and submitted a single survey. 2When two faculty members from the same medical school completed separate online surveys, all positive endorsements were recorded (it was assumed that keyinformants would likely have knowledge of different educational offerings at their medical school); the symbol 1 denotes a positive response endorsed by only one ofthe key informants in these cases. Legend includes ongoing groups, including, book and journal clubs, etc. bIncludes art shows, musical/theatrical performances (choirs/bands), literary readings, spoken word events, etc. 'Stand-alone, optional; workshops including content focused on visual, literary and other MH-related topics.
  • [5] n=2 faculty members collaboratively responded to and submitted a single survey. 2When two faculty members from the same medical school completed separate online surveys, all positive endorsements were recorded (it was assumed that keyinformants would likely have knowledge of different educational offerings at their medical school); the symbol 1 denotes a positive response endorsed by only one ofthe key informants in these cases. Legend includes ongoing groups, including, book and journal clubs, etc. bIncludes art shows, musical/theatrical performances (choirs/bands), literary readings, spoken word events, etc. 'Stand-alone, optional; workshops including content focused on visual, literary and other MH-related topics.
  • [6] n=2 faculty members collaboratively responded to and submitted a single survey. 2When two faculty members from the same medical school completed separate online surveys, all positive endorsements were recorded (it was assumed that keyinformants would likely have knowledge of different educational offerings at their medical school); the symbol 1 denotes a positive response endorsed by only one ofthe key informants in these cases. Legend includes ongoing groups, including, book and journal clubs, etc. bIncludes art shows, musical/theatrical performances (choirs/bands), literary readings, spoken word events, etc. 'Stand-alone, optional; workshops including content focused on visual, literary and other MH-related topics.
  • [7] n=2 faculty members collaboratively responded to and submitted a single survey. 2When two faculty members from the same medical school completed separate online surveys, all positive endorsements were recorded (it was assumed that keyinformants would likely have knowledge of different educational offerings at their medical school); the symbol 1 denotes a positive response endorsed by only one ofthe key informants in these cases. Legend includes ongoing groups, including, book and journal clubs, etc. bIncludes art shows, musical/theatrical performances (choirs/bands), literary readings, spoken word events, etc. 'Stand-alone, optional; workshops including content focused on visual, literary and other MH-related topics.
  • [8] n=2 faculty members collaboratively responded to and submitted a single survey. 2When two faculty members from the same medical school completed separate online surveys, all positive endorsements were recorded (it was assumed that keyinformants would likely have knowledge of different educational offerings at their medical school); the symbol 1 denotes a positive response endorsed by only one ofthe key informants in these cases. Legend includes ongoing groups, including, book and journal clubs, etc. bIncludes art shows, musical/theatrical performances (choirs/bands), literary readings, spoken word events, etc. 'Stand-alone, optional; workshops including content focused on visual, literary and other MH-related topics.
  • [9] n=2 faculty members collaboratively responded to and submitted a single survey. 2When two faculty members from the same medical school completed separate online surveys, all positive endorsements were recorded (it was assumed that keyinformants would likely have knowledge of different educational offerings at their medical school); the symbol 1 denotes a positive response endorsed by only one ofthe key informants in these cases. Legend includes ongoing groups, including, book and journal clubs, etc. bIncludes art shows, musical/theatrical performances (choirs/bands), literary readings, spoken word events, etc. 'Stand-alone, optional; workshops including content focused on visual, literary and other MH-related topics.
 
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