An Educator’s Guide to Assessing Threats in Student Writing: Social Media, Email and other Narrative

I. Foundational ConceptsThe Challenge that Faces UsStudent Conduct/Discipline and Legal PerspectivesPsychological and Educational PerspectivesLaw Enforcement and Threat Assessment PerspectivesConclusionGlossary of TermsMoving ForwardAddendumReferencesA New Way of Talking: Social Media and the New GenerationTalking About My Generation: Ok, BoomerSocial Media AppsSnapchatFAMILY DINNER WITH SOCIAL MEDIAChan SitesDiscordTIKTОKADVICE FOR PARENTS AND EDUCATORS ABOUT ONLINE COMMUNICATIONMoving ForwardReferencesRisk Elements for Predatory ViolenceRisk FactorsQuality of ThreatWeapons Knowledge/AccessPersonality/Mental StateEnvironmental FactorsMoving ForwardReferencesProtective Elements in Targeted ViolenceProtective Factors and Mitigating ElementsEnvironmental and Emotional StabilitySocial Health and ConnectionAccess to Nonviolent OutletsEmpathy and ConnectionPositive Social and Individual ActionMoving ForwardReferencesAll Threats Are Not Created EqualStudent Conduct/Discipline and Legal PerspectivesLaw Enforcement and Threat Assessment PerspectivesPsychological and Educational PerspectivesUpdate on the Reddit CaseMoving ForwardReferencesII. Assessment and InterventionAssessing the Violence Risk of the Written WordOverview of Looking GlassEscalating Elements: Author Qualities, Tone and Content DetailsAuthor Qualities (1–4)Tone Qualities (5–6)Content Qualities (7–10)Mitigating ElementsAuthor DispositionContextual DetailsScoring GuideMoving ForwardReferencesThe Team Approach to RiskTypes of TeamsDiversity on the TeamThree Phase Process of BIT/CAREOverall Team MembershipPrimary Team MembershipTeam chairCounselingStudent Conduct/DisciplineLaw EnforcementCase ManagerSecondary Team MembershipResidential Life/Housing/Disability ServicesTitle IXOther Team MembersMoving ForwardReferencesFunctional Team Concepts in BIT/CARE InterventionsHold Regular, Ongoing MeetingsQuality DocumentationEncouraging Rich and Deep Team ConversationsMatch the Intervention to the StudentBias MitigationCULTURAL INTELLIGENCEJacques WhitfieldThe Problem with Zero-Tolerance PoliciesManaging Community ImpactMoving ForwardReferencesBIT/CARE Team InterventionsThe Wellness CheckWorking with Parents and Emergency ContactsMandated AssessmentMandated TreatmentApplying the Conduct and Discipline ProcessOffering Accommodations and IEPsWorking with School Resource Officers and Law EnforcementMoving ForwardReferencesCase ManagementCase Management History and OverviewTypes of Case ManagersCase-Management ServicesAppointmentsReferralsCollaboration and ConsultationBITMoving ForwardReferencesIII. Adopting a Continuous Management ApproachContagion and Public Media Related to Mass ShootingsMedia Contagion and CopycatsSocial Cognitive Theory as an Explanation for Copycat Mass Shootings and SuicidesWALKING THE PATHWAY TO VIOLENCEWhat was on the Path?The Impact of Media Sensationalism on Those at Risk of Predatory ViolenceHeadline Grabbing and Mass ShootingsMedia Contagion and the Copycat Effect with SuicideHeadline Grabbing and SuicidesGuidelines to Minimize the Likelihood of a Copycat SuicideMoving ForwardReferencesOptics and the Media: “Feeding the Bears”An Ounce of PreventionFour Keys to PreparednessLeadership and Crisis ManagementCrisis- and Communications-Management ProcessesResponding to EmergenciesCrisis CommunicationThe Truth Sets Us FreeDon’t Be QuietLearn to ListenMedia Holding StatementsBuilding Trust, Integrity and Credibility with Stakeholders and the MediaDuring and After a CrisisMoving ForwardReferencesAppendix A: Tabletop ExercisesAppendix B: Case Review of Attacks and Social Media ThreatsAppendix C: 13 Reasons Why Netflix Series: Considerations for EducatorsAppendix D: Realism Provided by Nusura’s SimulationDeck TechnologyAppendix E: How to Prepare Key MessagesAppendix F: A United Airlines Cautionary TaleAppendix G: The Lost Art of Listening: 10 Steps to Develop Your SkillsAppendix H: Checklists—Preparing for the Interview: What to Do Before, During and After the InterviewAppendix I: How to Work Effectively with ReportersAppendix J: NaBITA Risk RubricAppendix K: Scoring Guide Examples for Looking Glass
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