Middle Eastern Monarchies: Ingroup Identity and Foreign Policy Making

The empirical puzzle: are monarchies more peaceful?Overhauling the SPSP conceptPatterns of monarchic peace - monadic or dyadic?Questions, hypotheses, and conceptsOutline of the bookNotesReferencesMoving beyond democratic exceptionalism: the peace among similar political systemsEvolution of a conceptExisting approaches: why it is not oil, imperialism, or repressionScope conditions and case studiesNotesReferencesMiddle East monarchies from the Arab Cold War to the Arab SpringA brief history of monarchism in the Middle EastMonarchism in the regionMonarchies as similar political systemsMonarchies in crisisWhen monarchies fight: the Arab Cold War 1952-1970When monarchies ally: the Arab Spring 2011-2015NotesReferencesWhen monarchies collide: case studies of “near misses” of monarchic warBahrain and Qatar - keeping conflict “in the family”: the Hawar Islands disputeThe context of the islands disputeState formation and territorial conflict (1971-1995) - neighbors, brothers, family: ingroup identification and the discovery’ of similarityNew leaders, new friendships (1995-2001)? Monarchic solidarity in the “Khaleeji club” of gulf monarchsThe Al Saud and the Hashemites: from rivals to equalsThe struggle over the Hijaz (1917-1926): state building as a scope conditionState consolidation and state competition in Arabia and the Levant (1926-1953): the limits of ingroup identificationFrom rivalry’ to rapprochement (1953-1958): how common enemies forge a familyThe Hashemite and Saudi dynasties: synthesis and findingsNotesReferencesFrom monarchy to republic – from peace to war?: “Quasi-experiments” of collapsed monarchic couplesIraq and Kuwait: from “sister people” to the conquest of the “19th province”Peace among kings (1945-1956): royal brothers and royal borders under British influenceWhen revolution leads to war (1958-1991): monarchic solidarity’ in the gulf warIraq and Kuwait: synthesis and findingsIran and the UAE: from dynastic friendship to “seas of blood” - the Tunb islands disputeGeneral dynamics and pre-independence periodThe monarchic alliance (1971-1979): monarchic solutions to territorial conflicts and the limits of the monarchic peaceDown with monarchism, down with peace (1979-2003): counterbalancing for the advanced - the UAE and the coalition against IranThe islands conflict: synthesis and findingsNotesReferencesThe limits of SPSP: deviant cases?The Saudi-Yemeni War 1934The Qatar Crisis since 2017: resilience of family identification in a hostile conflictForeign policy restraint?Ingroup identification since 2017How the “royal chib” might break apartNotesReferencesMonarchic ingroup identificationRestraint and allianceSalience of ingroup identity’Alternative and complementary factorsMonarchic peace as a building block study“Zones of peace” and similar political systemsSalience, threat, and mutual recognition in global comparison: implications for generalizability and policyNotesReferences
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