- • Confidence is related to both self-concept and self-efficacy. In educational environments it relates to how people view themselves as learners and the faith in their ability to successfully complete learning tasks.
- • Student's early experiences shape their later attitudes towards learning, this is known as academic self-concept.
- • Social, emotional and physical factors related to self-concept impact the ability to cope with daily problems and setbacks.
- • Prior academic achievement influences both high and low academic self- concept.
- • Self-esteem can be raised through academic achievement, however, raising levels of self-esteem doesn't lead to improvements in learning.
- • Academic self-efficacy (ASE) is a major component of 5C confidence.
- • Low levels of ASE can result in procrastination and self-handicapping.
- • Higher levels of ASE are related to higher test results.
- • Students with higher ASE concentrate more in class and persist for longer on challenging tasks.
- • Teachers can nurture both ASE and positive academic self-concept through support mechanisms, routines and embedding effective study strategies within the classroom or the wider school culture.
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