Labour Market Institutions and Productivity: Labour Utilisation in Central and Eastern Europe

I. Labour market institutions and labour utilisation across the CEE regionLabour market regulation and labour utilisation in CEE countriesIntroductionTheoretical backgroundHow to assess labour market regulation changes in EU countriesInsights from the descriptive databaseInsights front the indicator-based databaseLabour utilisation in CEE countriesThe relationship between employment protection indicators and labour utilisation measuresConclusionAcknowledgementsNotesReferencesInstitutional determinants of firm­sponsored training of young employeesIntroductionMain analytical conceptsOpportunities for skill development as a dimension of employment qualityEmployment and transition regimesTransition regimesInstitutional determinants of firm-sponsored trainingFeatures of education systemsIndustrial relations and employment protectionLabour market policiesThe re'iew of empirical resultsExpected impact of institutional determinants on firm-sponsored training incidenceThe empirical strategyData and variablesInstitutional variables and other macro-level variablesTraining incidence and other micro-level variablesSample and methodsResultsMicro-level determinantsMacro-level determinantsTraining incidence and institutional features - correlation analysisTraining incidence and institutional features - regression analysisTraining incidence and countty-lerel characteristics: the international comparisonConclusionReferencesSkills utilisation – analysis across countries and occupations. Western European and post­socialist countries comparisonIntroductionSkills mismatch - a literature reviewOccupational matrixMethods and the theoretical frameworkCross-country’ similarities and differences in the occupational matrixThe occupational matrix in particular countriesQualification mismatch in relation to the occupational matrixPay satisfaction in relation to the occupational matrixConclusionAcknowledgmentNotesReferencesUnemployment benefits in CEE countries. Does their limited scope match societal preferences?IntroductionUnemployment benefits in CEE and EU-15 and their impact on labour utilisationHow the unemployment benefits system is constructedThe impact of unemployment benefit on labour utilisationHow to measure the unemployment benefit generosityThe evolution of unemployment benefit schemes in CEE andEU-15Societal expectations concerning unemployment benefitsThe theory and hypothesesData and methodsResultsConclusionAcknowledgementNotesReferencesPart­time employment in Central and Eastern Europe: a cross­country analysisIntroductiontime employment and labour utilisationDeterminants of part-time employmentThe development of part-time employment in the CEEEmpirical estimation of part-time work determinants: methodology and dataThe business cycle: short- and medium-term effectsThe role of labour market institutions and structural factors: long-term effectsDataDeterminants of part-time employment in CEE: resultsConclusionAcknowledgementNotesReferencesII. Labour market reforms and utilisation: learning from countries’ experiencesStructures, institutions, and agency: the drivers of the expansion of precarious employment in PolandIntroductionThe Polish flexible capitalism: the rise and perpetuation of precarious employmentThe drivers of precarity in Poland: structures, institutions, and social agencyThe meanings of precarious employment among young peopleLonging for security and social status: orientation to stable workLonging for creativity, entrepreneurial success, and freedomConclusionAcknowledgementNotesReferencesSkills utilisation and gender: Estonian case studyIntroductionSkills utilisation aiul genderGender disparity in skill use (SUW) and the factors behind it: literature overviewGender gaps in the Estonian labour market: stylised factsData and methodsDataEmpirical strategyEmpirical analysisDescriptive profileGender gaps in skill use: regression and decomposition analysisRegression analysisDecomposition analysisGender-specific returns to skill useConclusionAcknowledgementsNotesReferencesUtilisation of returning migrants’ skills and labour: the case of LithuaniaIntroductionSetting the context: return migration, labour productivity, and labour utilisation in LithuaniaData and methodologyStatistical analysis of the LFS data setText mining of media articles on return migrationRecent returnees: labour market performance based on LFS dataExperiences of return as mediated through the most popular news websitesConclusionNotesReferencesThe economic effects of the minimum wage in SloveniaIntroductionLiterature review on the minimum wage effectsMinimum wage effects on employmentMinimum wage effects on wage distributionMinimum wage effects on firm performanceA closer look at the 2010 minimum wage change in SloveniaSlovenia’s minimum wage in the CEE and EU-15 perspectiveData used for analysis of the minimum wage effectsWho are minimum-wage workers in Slovenia?Worker-level analysis of the minimum wage shocks: effects on wagesWorker-level analysis of the minimum wage shocks: effects on employmentFirm-level responses to the minimum wage shocksMinimum-wage shock effects on employmentMinimum-wage shock effects on other firm response variablesConclusionAcknowledgementNotesReferencesThe role of old­age pension systems as labour market institutions: the Czech Republic and Poland comparedIntroductionPublic pension system as a determinant of a labour utilisation of older workersThe context: specificity of labour markets situation of older workers in CEELabour market utilisation of older workers in the Czech Republic and PolandDataMacro-level dataMicro-level dataPensions systems in the Czech Republic and PolandThe Czech RepublicPolandDiscussionConclusionAcknowledgementsNotesReferencesHow active labour market policy helps the most disadvantaged: evidence from the Czech RepublicIntroductionTheoretical considerationsThe Czech Republic as an example of a ‘Central-East Europe labour market regime’?Targeting and effectiveness of ALMP measuresFailures in targetingTargeting ALMPs in CEE countriesHypothesesEvidence on the interrelations between targeting, effects, and implementation conditions of ALMPs in the Czech RepublicDisadvantaged target groups of ALMP in the Czech RepublicDevelopments in the Czech Labour Market andALMPsThe scope/effort of Czech ALMPTargeting of the Czech ALMP programmes towards the long-term and repeatedly unemployedImpacts of ALMP in the Czech RepublicImpacts of training programmesImpacts of ‘subsidised workplaces ’Impacts of ‘public works ’Lessons learned from the evaluation of Czech ALMPImplementation of ALMPs and targeting failuresConclusionAcknowledgementNotesReferencesEroding collective bargaining in CEE countries as a counterproductive factor in the process of labour utilisation: the cases of Bulgaria and PolandIntroductionTheoretical backgroundNational case: BulgariaEconomic and political backgroundIndustrial relations: general outlookCollective bargainingLabour market situation and migration flowsNational case: PolandEconomic and political backgroundIndustrial relations: general outlookCollective bargainingLabour market situation and migration flowsDiscussionConclusionReferences
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