River Basin Organizations in Water Diplomacy

Conceptualizing water diplomacy and the role of RBOsWater diplomacy and RBOsRBOs' legal and institutional characteristicsRBOs' technical and strategic mechanismsCase studies and key findingsCapacity and outcomes of RBOs in water diplomacyFunctional capacity and effective water diplomacy outcomeLimited functionality and limited effectiveness in water diplomacyDevelopmental capacity and emerging water diplomacy outcomeRestrictive capacity and transitional outcome in water diplomacyConclusion and outline of the bookNotesThe Legal Role and Context of River Basin OrganizationsCommunity of interest approach to international watercourses and common management institutionsCommunity of interestCommon management institutionsInternational river commissions and environmental protectionEnvironmental flowsEcosystem servicesAdaptive managementBenefit-sharing arrangementsConclusionNotesWater Diplomacy and Collaborative Governance in the Great Lakes BasinInstitutional arrangements and water diplomacyInstitutional arrangements for transboundary cooperation in the Great Lakes BasinWater diplomacy definedContext of water diplomacy in the Great Lakes BasinInternational Joint CommissionGreat Lakes CommissionGreat Lakes Fishery CommissionThe Conference (and the Great Lakes Regional Body and Compact Council)Great Lakes institutions as CGRs and agents for water diplomacy in the basinConclusionNotesWater Diplomacy and Shared Resources Along the United States-Mexico BorderPrimary Mexico-United States treaties for transboundary watersThe organizationsFuture challenges along the borderConclusionNotesProcess Aspects of the Development of Shared Waters Agreements: The Columbia River TreatyHow can process help move a basin out of conflict?How can process contribute to long-term management of conflict?Why does process matter?Process and current dialogue on the ColumbiaConclusion: process matters in creating institutions and sustaining themNotesInternational River Basin Organizations and Benefit-Sharing Arrangements in the Columbia and Senegal International River Basins: Past, Present, and FutureThe international Columbia River BasinThe road to an IRBO and benefit sharing in the Columbia River BasinCooperation and benefit sharing in the Columbia under the Columbia River TreatyChallenges in the ColumbiaThe international Senegal River BasinThe road to an IRBO and benefit sharing in the Senegal River BasinCooperation and benefit sharing in the Senegal under the OMVSChallenges in the SenegalConclusionNotesThe Niger Basin: Is Development Raising the Stakes of Cooperation?Analytical frameworkThe Niger Basin: risks and opportunities for cooperationResultsDiscussion - the role of the NBA in water conflict management and cooperationContinued low development of the basinAttracting external financeNBA management, personal ties, and “champions”ConclusionNotesWater Diplomacy and Conflict Transformation in the Nile River Basin: The Key Role of the Nile Basin Initiative Over the Past 20 YearsTheoretical approachThe Nile Basin Initiative and its role in water diplomacyNBI: mechanisms of water diplomacy and their relevanceLegal-political mechanisms of water diplomacyInstitutional mechanisms of water diplomacyTechnical mechanisms of water diplomacyStrategic mechanisms of water diplomacyConclusionNotesManaging Abundance: CICOS and the CongoHydropolitical settingChallenges in the basin: cooperation and conflict potentialCreation and mandate of CICOS: success story with broad competencesPrograms and projectsDeveloping the basin and preventing conflictConclusion: growing importance—growing challengesNotesWater Diplomacy in the Absence of a River Basin Organization: A Case Study in Jordan, Israel, and PalestineLegal agreementsTreaty of peaceThe Oslo AccordsGrassroots and community-led actionLegal water diplomacy—is it sufficient?Institutional arrangementsUnilateral institutional arrangementsBilateral institutions: Israeli-Jordanian Joint Water CommitteeBilateral institutions: Israeli-Palestinian Joint Water CommitteeMultilateral discussionsInstitutional water diplomacy—is it sufficient?Technical arrangementsMultilateralAcademia and civil societyTechnical water diplomacy—is it sufficient?Strategic planningPolitical-level interventionsCivil societyStrategic water diplomacy—is it working?ConclusionNotesWater Diplomacy in the Helmand River Basin: Exploring the Obstacles to Cooperation within the Shadow of AnarchyRBOs and cooperation under the shadow of anarchy: unravelling the fear of riparian statesThe history and politics of the legal and institutional arrangements in the Helmand River BasinPolitical and legal arrangementsThe HRC and anarchy in light of features of survival, relative gains, and uncertaintyThe HRC and dominance rivalry: competition for survival, power, and self-interestThe HRC and greater fears of relative achievements and cheatingThe HRC and uncertaintiesConclusionNotesProlonging or Resolving Water Conflicts in Central Asia? The International Fund for Saving the Aral SeaBrief overview of water issues in the Aral Sea BasinThe International Fund for Saving the Aral SeaThe role of IFAS in regional water diplomacyStrategic mechanisms: the Aral Sea Basin programTechnical mechanisms: data and knowledge management, technical cooperationLegal mechanisms for transboundary water managementInstitutional mechanisms: governance of IFASAssessment: the ambiguity of I FASConclusionNotesThe Mekong River Commission as a Water DiplomatThe Mekong River Basin and MRC put into contextExternal influences and early development plansThe Mekong River Basin’s unique biodiversityThe MRC’s approach to water diplomacyWater diplomacy in action: prior consultations of infrastructure projectsXayaburi hydropower projectDon Sahong hydropower projectPak Beng hydropower projectConclusionNotesChina in International Institutions for Water GovernanceWater (and) diplomacy: the Chinese conceptualizationChina’s engagement with the Mekong River BasinEngagement with individual Mekong statesEngagement with the MRC and its former incarnation (the Mekong Committee)China's launching of the Lancang-Mekong Cooperation mechanismConclusion and policy suggestionsUpgrade partnership between MRC and ChinaExplore MRCparticipation in LMCNotesManaging Disagreements in European Basins: What Role for River Basin Organizations in Water Diplomacy?The European legal and institutional framework and the role of RBOsThe Danube River Basin and the Bystroe Canal challengeThe Rhine River Basin and the Haringvliet issueConclusionsNotesManaging tensionsSharing benefitsConflict and cooperation continuumConflict and cooperation—a bit of this, a bit of thatNotes
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