The Development Trajectory of Eastern Societies

Classification of the five social formsClassification of the three social formsRelationship between the “five social forms” and the “three social forms”Classification of the technological social formsNotesThe purposiveness of human activities and the regularity of social developmentThe proposition of “unity between the regularity and the purposiveness of social development” is unscientificThe proposition of “the purposiveness of social development” is a view of historical teleologyMarx and Engels’ critique of historical teleologyThe purpose of human activities is not equivalent to the “purposiveness” of social developmentThe proposition that “social development has laws” is incompatible with the nature and characteristics of the laws of social historyCorrectly understanding “act according to objective laws”NotesHistorical determinism, subjective choice, and their relationsThe classification of historical philosophy and the theoretical origins of historical nondeterminismThe determinism of historical materialismThe determinism of historical materialism is materialistic and dialecticalThe relationship between historical determinism and human agencyThe relationship between univocal and probabilistic determinismRelationship between historical determinism and subjective choiceFreedom and necessityRelation between interpreting and changing the worldNotesHistorical progress and its measureThe conception of historical progressHistorical progress is an upward and forward movementHistorical progress is tortuous and iterativeHistorical progress embodies both facts and valuesHistorical progress is the dialectical unity of accumulation and transformationHistorical progress is a long processThe price of historical progressEssence of the price of historical progressThe necessity of the costs of historical progressA scientific conception of priceCorrectly choosing the priceTwo measures of historical evaluation and their relationThe shift of Marx’s focus in the historical measureIn the early 1850sFrom the mid-1850s to mid-1870sMid-1870s to Marx’s deathNotesThe integrity of MarxismThe integrity of Marxism from the perspective of its social and historical conditionsThe integrity of Marxism based on the origins of MarxismIntegrity of Marxism as based on its contentThe integrity of Marxism based on its historical evolutionViewing the integrity of Marxism from Marxist classicsNotesBibliography
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