References

Acácio, V., Holmgren, M., Jansen, P. A., & Schrotter, O. (2007). Multiple recruitment limitation causes arrested succession in Mediterranean Cork Oak Systems. Ecosystems, 10(7), 1220–1230. Archibald, S., Lehmann, C. E. R., Gómez-Dans, J. L., & Bradstock, R. A. (2013). Defining pyromes and global syndromes of fire regimes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(16), 6442–6447.

Attiwill, P. M. (1994). The disturbance of forest ecosystems: The ecological basis for conservative management. Forest Ecology and management, 63(2), 247–300.

Bassi, S., Kettunen, M., Kampa, E., & Cavalieri, S. (2008). Forest fires: causes and contributing factors to forest fire events in Europe. Study for the European Parliament Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety under contract IP/A/ENVI/FWC/2006-172/LOT1/C1/ SC10. Institute for European Environmental Policy, London, United Kingdom. 56p.

Batllori, E., Parisien, M.-A., Krawchuk, M. A., & Moritz, M. A. (2013). Climate change-induced shifts in fire for Mediterranean ecosystems. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 22(10), 1118–1129.

Birks, H. J. B. (2005). Mind the gap: How open were European primeval forests? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 20(4), 151–154.

Blondel, J. (2006). The “Design” of Mediterranean landscapes: A millennial story of humans and ecological systems during the historic period. Human Ecology, 34(5), 713–729.

Blondel, J., & Aronson, J. (1999). Biology and wildlife of the Mediterranean Region. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.

Bond, W. J., & Keeley, J. E. (2005). Fire as a global “herbivore”: The ecology and evolution of flammable ecosystems. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 20(7), 387–394.

Bowman, D. M. J. S., O'Brien, J. A., & Goldammer, J. G. (2013). Pyrogeography and the global quest for sustainable fire management. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 38(1), 57–80.

Bradshaw, R. H., Hannon, G. E., & Lister, A. M. (2003). A long-term perspective on ungulatevegetation interactions. Forest Ecology and Management, 181(1–2), 267–280.

Bullock, D. J. (2009). What larger mammals did Britain have and what did they do? British Wildlife, 20(5), 16–20.

Byers, J. E., Cuddington, K., Jones, C. G., Talley, T. S., Hastings, A., Lambrinos, J. G., Crooks,

J. A., & Wilson, W. G. (2006). Using ecosystem engineers to restore ecological systems. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 21(9), 493–500.

Carbonell, E., Bermúdez de Castro, J. M., Parés, J. M., Pérez-González, A., Cuenca-Bescós, G., Ollé, A., Mosquera, M., Huguet, R., van der Made, J., Rosas, A., Sala, R., Vallverdú, J., García, N., Granger, D. E., Martinón-Torres, M., Rodríguez, X. P., Stock, G. M., Vergès, J. M., Allué, E., Burjachs, F., Cáceres, I., Canals, A., Benito, A., Díez, C., Lozano, M., Mateos, A., Navazo, M., Rodríguez, J., Rosell, J., & Arsuaga, J. L. (2008). The first hominin of Europe. Nature, 452(7186), 465–469.

Connell, J. H. (1978). Diversity in tropical rain forests and coral reefs. Science, 199(4335), 1302–1310.

Corlett, R. T. (2012). The shifted baseline: Prehistoric defaunation in the tropics and its consequences for biodiversity conservation. Biological Conservation, 163, 13–21.

Cramer, V. A. (2007). Old fields as complex systems: New concepts for describing the dynamics of abandoned farmland. In V. A. Cramer & R. J. Hobbs (Eds.), Old fields: Dynamics and restoration of abandoned farmland (p. 334). Washington, DC: Island Press.

Daniau, A. L., d' Errico, F., & Goñi, M. F. S. (2010). Testing the hypothesis of fire use for ecosystem management by Neanderthal and Upper Palaeolithic modern human populations. PloS ONE, 5(2), e9157.

Deinet, S., Ieronymidou, C., McRae, L., Burfield, I. J., Foppen, R. P., Collen, B., & Bohm, M. (2013). Wildlife comeback in Europe: The recovery of selected mammal and bird species. Final report to Rewilding Europe by ZSL. London: BirdLife International and the European Bird Census Council.

Donlan, C. J., Berger, J., Bock, C. E., Bock, J. H., Burney, D. A., Estes, J. A., Foreman, D., Martin,

P. S., Roemer, G. W., & Smith, F. A. (2006). Pleistocene rewilding: An optimistic agenda for twenty-first century conservation. American Naturalist, 168(5), 660–681.

Driscoll, D. A., Lindenmayer, D. B., Bennett, A. F., Bode, M., Bradstock, R. A., Cary, G. J., Clarke, M. F., Dexter, N., Fensham, R., Friend, G., Gill, M., James, S., Kay, G., Keith, D. A., MacGregor, C., Russell-Smith, J., Salt, D., Watson, J. E. M., Williams, R. J., & York, A. (2010). Fire management for biodiversity conservation: Key research questions and our capacity to answer them. Biological Conservation, 143(9), 1928–1939.

EEA. (2004). High nature value farmland: Characteristics, trends and policy challenges. Copenhagen: European Environment Agency.

Eickhout, B., Van Meijl, H., Tabeau, A., & Van Rheenen, T. (2007). Economic and ecological con-

sequences of four European land use scenarios. Land use policy, 24(3), 562–575. Enserink, M., & Vogel, G. (2006). The carnivore comeback. Science, 314(5800), 746.

Eriksson, O., Cousins, S. A. O., & Bruun, H. H. (2002). Land-use history and fragmentation of traditionally managed grasslands in Scandinavia. Journal of Vegetation Science, 13(5), 743–748. European Commission. (2010). Forest Fires in Europe 2009. Luxemburg: Office for Official Pub-lications of the European Communities.

FAOSTAT. (2010). Data. faostat.fao.org. Accessed 1 March 2011

Fernandes, P. M. (2013). Fire-smart management of forest landscapes in the Mediterranean basin under global change. Landscape and Urban Planning, 110, 175–182.

Fernandes, P. M., Davies, G. M., Ascoli, D., Fernández, C., Moreira, F., Rigolot, E., Stoof, C. R., Vega, J. A., & Molina, D. (2013). Prescribed burning in southern Europe: Developing fire management in a dynamic landscape. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 11(s1), e4–e14.

Fyfe, R. (2007). The importance of local-scale openness within regions dominated by closed

woodland. Journal of Quaternary Science, 22(6), 571–578.

Ganteaume, A., Camia, A., Jappiot, M., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., Long-Fournel, M., & Lampin, C. (2013). A review of the main driving factors of forest fire ignition over Europe. Environmental Management, 51(3), 651–662.

Gignoux, C. R., Henn, B. M., & Mountain, J. L. (2011). Rapid, global demographic expansions after the origins of agriculture. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(15), 6044–6049.

Gillson, L., & Willis, K. J. (2004). “As Earth's testimonies tell”: Wilderness conservation in a changing world. Ecology Letters, 7(10), 990–998.

Goulding, M. J., & Roper, T. J. (2002). Press responses to the presence of free-living Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) in southern England. Mammal Review, 32(4), 272–282.

Guilherme, J. L., & Pereira, H. M. (2013). Adaptation of bird communities to farmland abandonment in a mountain landscape. PLoS ONE, 8(9), e73619.

Henle, K., Alard, D., Clitherow, J., Cobb, P., Firbank, L., Kull, T., McCracken, D., Moritz, R. F. A., Niemelä, J., Rebane, M., Wascher, D., Watt, A., & Young, J. (2008). Identifying and managing the conflicts between agriculture and biodiversity conservation in Europe-a review. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 124(1-2), 60–71.

Hodder, K. H., Buckland, P. C., Kirby, K. J., & Bullock, J. M. (2009). Can the Pre-Neolithic provide suitable models for re-wilding the landscape in Britain? British Wildlife, 20(5), 4–15.

Huston, M., (1979). A general hypothesis of species diversity. American Naturalist, 113(1), 81–101. IUCN. (2013). Guidelines for reintroductions and other conservation translocations. Version 1.0.,

Gland. Switzerland: IUCN Species Survival Commission.

Johnson, C. N. (2009). Ecological consequences of late Quaternary extinctions of megafauna.

Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 276, 2509–2519.

Jones, C. G., Lawton, J. H., & Shachak, M., (1994). Organisms as ecosystem engineers. Oikos, 69, 373–386.

Kaplan, J. O. (2012). Integrated modeling of Holocene land cover change in Europe. Quaternary International, 279, 235–236.

Kaplan, J. O., Krumhardt, K. M., & Zimmermann, N. (2009). The prehistoric and preindustrial deforestation of Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28(27–28), 3016–3034.

Kaplan, J. O., Krumhardt, K. M., Ellis, E. C., Ruddiman, W. F., Lemmen, C., & Goldewijk, K. K. (2010). Holocene carbon emissions as a result of anthropogenic land cover change. The Holocene, 21(5), 775–791.

Kuemmerle, T., Hickler, T., Olofsson, J., Schurgers, G., & Radeloff, V. C. (2012). Refugee species: Which historic baseline should inform conservation planning? Diversity and Distributions, 18(12), 1258–1261.

Kuiters, A. T., & Slim, P. A. (2003). Tree colonisation of abandoned arable land after 27 years of horse-grazing: The role of bramble as a facilitator of oak wood regeneration. Forest Ecology and Management, 181(1–2), 239–251.

Laskurain, N. A., Aldezabal, A., Olano, J. M., Loidi, J., & Escudero, A. (2013). Intensification of domestic ungulate grazing delays secondary forest succession: Evidence from exclosure plots. Journal of Vegetation Science, 24(2), 320–331.

Leadley, P., Proença, V., Fernández-Manjarrés, J., Pereira, H. M., Alkemade, R., Biggs, R., Bruley, E., Cheung, W., Cooper, D., Figueiredo, J., Gilman, E., Guénette, S., Hurtt, G., Mbow, C., Oberdorff, T., Revenga, C., Scharlemann, J. P. W., Scholes, R., Smith, M. S., Sumaila, U. R.,

& Walpole, M. (2014). Interacting regional-scale regime shifts for biodiversity and ecosystem services. BioScience, 64(8), 665–679.

Lipsey, M. K., & Child, M. F. (2007). Combining the fields of reintroduction biology and restoration ecology. Conservation Biology, 21(6), 1387–1390.

MacDonald, D., Crabtree, J. R., Wiesinger, G., Dax, T., Stamou, N., Fleury, P., Gutierrez Lazpita, J., & Gibon, A. (2000). Agricultural abandonment in mountain areas of Europe: Environmental consequences and policy response. Journal of Environmental Management, 59(1), 47–69.

Mackey, R. L., & Currie, D. J. (2001). The diversity-disturbance relationship: Is it generally strong and peaked? Ecology, 82(12), 3479–3492.

Mather, A. S., Needle, C. L., & Fairbairn, J. (1998). The human drivers of global land cover change: The case of forests. Hydrological processes, 12(13–14), 1983–1994.

Mellars, P. (2006). A new radiocarbon revolution and the dispersal of modern humans in Eurasia.

Nature, 439(7079), 931–935.

Mitchell, F. J. G. (2005). How open were European primeval forests? Hypothesis testing using palaeoecological data. Journal of Ecology, 93(1), 168–177.

Mitchell-Jones, A. J., Amori, G., Bogdanowicz, W., Krystufek, B., Reijnders, P. J. H., Spitzenberger, F., Stubbe, M., Thissen, J. B. M., Vohralik, V., & Zima, J. (1999). The atlas of European mammals. european-mammals.org/. Accessed 27th July 2013.

Molinari, C., Lehsten, V., Bradshaw, R. H. W., Power, M. J., Harmand, P., Arneth, A., Kaplan,

J. O., Vannière, B., & Sykes, M. T. (2013). Exploring potential drivers of European biomass burning over the Holocene: A data-model analysis. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 22(12), 1248–1260.

Moreira, F., & Russo, D., (2007). Modelling the impact of agricultural abandonment and wildfires on vertebrate diversity in Mediterranean Europe. Landscape Ecology, 22, 1461–1476.

Morrison, J. C., Sechrest, W., Dinerstein, E., Wilcove, D. S., & Lamoreux, J. F. (2007). Persistence of large mammal faunas as indicators of global human impacts. Journal of Mammalogy, 88(6), 1363–1380.

Mouillot, F., Ratte, J.-P., Joffre, R., Mouillot, D., & Rambal, S. (2005). Long-term forest dynamic after land abandonment in a fire prone Mediterranean landscape (central Corsica, France). Landscape Ecology, 20(1), 101–112.

Ostermann, O. P. 1998. The need for management of nature conservation sites designated under Natura 2000. Journal of Applied Ecology, 35(6), 968–973.

Pausas, J. G., & Bradstock, R. A. (2007). Fire persistence traits of plants along a productivity and disturbance gradient in mediterranean shrublands of south-east Australia. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 16(3), 330–340.

Pausas, J. G., & Fernández-Muñoz, S. (2012). Fire regime changes in the Western Mediterranean Basin: From fuel-limited to drought-driven fire regime. Climatic Change, 110(1–2), 215–226. Pausas, J. G., & Ribeiro, E. (2013). The global fire-productivity relationship. Global Ecology and

Biogeographyl, 22(6), 728–736.

Pausas, J. G., Keeley, J. E., & Verdú, M. (2006). Inferring differential evolutionary processes of plant persistence traits in Northern Hemisphere Mediterranean fire-prone ecosystems. Journal of Ecology, 94(1), 31–39.

Pereira, H. M., Navarro, L. M., & Martins, I. S. (2012). Global biodiversity change: The bad, the good, and the unknown. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 37(1), 25–50.

Pfeiffer, M., Spessa, A., & Kaplan, J. O. (2013). Amodel for global biomass burning in preindustrial time: LPJ-LMfire (v1.0). Geoscientific Model Development, 6(3), 643–685.

Pinhasi, R., Fort, J., & Ammerman, A. J. (2005). Tracing the origin and spread of agriculture in Europe. PLoS Biology, 3(12), e410.

Poschlod, P., Kiefer, S., Tränkle, U., Fischer, S., & Bonn, S. (1998). Plant species richness in calcareous grasslands as affected by dispersability in space and time. Applied Vegetation Science, 1(1), 75–91.

Proença, V. (2009). Galicio-Portuguese oak forest of Quercus robur and Quercus pyrenaica: Biodiversity patterns and forest response to fire. Tese de Doutoramento. Lisboa: Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa.

Proença, V., & Pereira, H. M. (2010). Appendix 2: Mediterranean Forest (pp. 60-67). Leadley, P., Pereira, H.M., Alkemade, R., Fernandez-Manjarrés, J.F., Proença, V., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Walpole, M.J. (Eds.) Biodiversity Scenarios: Projections of 21st century change in biodiversity and associated ecosystem services. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal. Technical Series no. 50, 132 pages.

Proença, V., & Pereira, H. M. (2013). Species-area models to assess biodiversity change in multihabitat landscapes: The importance of species habitat affinity. Basic and Applied Ecology, 14, 102–114.

Proença, V. M., Pereira, H. M., & Vicente, L. (2008). Organismal complexity is an indicator of species existence value. Frontiers in. Ecology and the Environment, 6(6), 298–299.

Proença, V., Pereira, H. M., & Vicente, L. (2010). Resistance to wildfire and early regeneration in natural broadleaved forest and pine plantation. Acta Oecologica, 36(6), 626–633.

Rey Benayas, J. M., Martins, A., Nicolau, J. M., & Schulz, J. J. (2007). Abandonment of agricultural land: An overview of drivers and consequences. CAB reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 2(57), 1–14.

Ruddiman, W. F. (2013). The Anthropocene. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 41(1), 1–24.

Russell-Smith, J., Murphy, B. P., Meyer, C. P., Cook, G. D., Maier, S., Edwards, A. C., Schatz, J., & Brocklehurst, P. (2009). Improving estimates of savanna burning emissions for greenhouse accounting in northern Australia: Limitations, challenges, applications. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 18(1), 1–18.

Sandom, C. J., Hughes, J., & Macdonald, D. W. (2013a). Rooting for rewilding: Quantifying wild boar's Sus scrofa rooting rate in the scottish highlands. Restoration Ecology, 21(3), 329–335.

Sandom, C., Donlan, C. J., Svenning, J. C., & Hansen, D. (2013b). Rewilding. In D. W. Mcdonald & K. J. Willis (Eds.), Key Topics in Conservation Biology 2 (pp. 430–451). Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.

Sandom, C. J., Ejrnæs, R., Hansen, M. D. D., & Svenning, J.-C. (2014). High herbivore density associated with vegetation diversity in interglacial ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(11), 4162–4167.

Schley, L., Dufrêne, M., Krier, A., & Frantz, A.C. (2008). Patterns of crop damage by wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Luxembourg over a 10-year period. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 54(4), 589–599.

Seddon, P. J., Armstrong, D. P., & Maloney, R. F. (2007). Developing the science of reintroduction biology. Conservation biology, 21(2), 303–312.

Shlisky, A., Waugh, J., Gonzalez, P., Gonzalez, M., Manta, M., Santoso, H., Alvarado, E., Nuruddin, A. A., Rodríguez-Trejo, D. A., & Swaty, R. (2007). Fire, ecosystems and people: Threats and strategies for global biodiversity conservation. Arlington: The Nature Conservancy.

Smith, F. A., Lyons, S. K., Ernest, S. K. M., Jones, K. E., Kaufman, D. M., Dayan, T., Marquet,

P. A., & Haskell, J. P. (2003). Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology, 84, 3402. Svenning, J. C. (2002). A review of natural vegetation openness in north-western Europe.

Biological Conservation, 104(2), 133–148.

Thonicke, K., Venevsky, S., Sitch, S., & Cramer, W. (2001). The role of fire disturbance for global vegetation dynamics: Coupling fire into a dynamic global vegetation model. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 10(6), 661–677.

Turner, M. G. (1998). Landscape ecology, living in a mosaic. In S. I. Dodson et al., (Eds.), Ecology (pp. 78–122). New York: Oxford University Press.

Van Andel, J., & Aronson, J., (2012). Restoration ecology: The new frontier. Chichester: WileyBlackwell.

Vera, F. W. M. (2000). Grazing ecology and forest history. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK.

Vera, F. W. M. (2009). Large-scale nature development-The Oostvaardersplassen. British Wildlife, 20(5), 28–36.

Verburg, P. H., & Overmars, K. P. (2009). Combining top-down and bottom-up dynamics in land use modeling: Exploring the future of abandoned farmlands in Europe with the Dyna-CLUE model. Landscape Ecology, 24(9), 1167–1181.

Whelan, R. J. (1995). The ecology of fire. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Willis, K. J., & Birks, H. J. B. (2006). What is natural? The need for a long-term perspective in biodiversity conservation. Science, 314(5803), 1261–1265.

Wright, J. P., & Jones, C. G. (2006). The concept of organisms as ecosystem engineers ten years on: Progress, limitations, and challenges. BioScience, 56(3), 203–209.

Zeder, M. A. (2008). Domestication and early agriculture in the Mediterranean Basin: Origins, diffusion, and impact. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105(33), 11597–11604. Zimov, S. A. (2005). Pleistocene park: Return of the mammoth's ecosystem. Science, 308(5723), 796–798.

 
< Prev   CONTENTS   Next >