According to World Bank’s statistics from 2012, it forecast that 4.3 billion urban inhabitants will create about 1.42 kg/capital/day of metropolitan strong waste by 2025 [1]. The waste administration expenses are anticipated to increment every year. The development and industrialization of the country increases the waste generation appropriately. At present, around half of complete populace of world is dwelling in urban areas. Hence, waste management is going to be important aspect of government. Moreover, in many developing nations waste is spread over streets because of inappropriate techniques for gathering and dumping therefore polluting the earth. Due to socio-economic drawbacks there exist problems in primary task of waste management like proper disposal, collection, sorting, recycling, etc. These existing problems have motivated us to use the emerging technologies to lend their hands to achieve the smart city using smart management systems. Such systems are designed using Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI), and blockchain technologies. The IoT interconnects objects and people in the environment through the internet, which places its footstep toward economy digitization. Further, it creates new business models with wide implementation scope.

Problem Statement

A traditional waste management system has several drawbacks where generation of waste is unpredictable. There are some litter bins which fill up much faster and lead to overflowing before the next scheduled time for collection, which pollutes the environment. Moreover, frequent collection is required during special occasions. Due to the accumulation of waste, litter bins produce toxic which cause serious health hazard to human habitation. This study proposes a technical solution that empowers an efficient waste management model that automatically detects and collects waste based on bin fill and gas emission status. The proposed model helps in proper waste disposal, collection, sorting, and recycling that would help to hype a smart city with eco-friendly waste management system.


The primary objective of the chapter is to design a high-level smart-waste management prototype to monitor bin and gas emission status and to notify the respective personnel to approve the truck request for waste collection. It also automatically detects and sorts the waste for recycling. Moreover, it rewards and encourages the people for proper waste disposal and provides biomanure for resident farms to achieve ecofriendly environment.

Organization of the Chapter

The rest of the chapter is organized as following. Section 12.2 describes the related work. Technological background is provided in Section 12.3. Section 12.4 presents the high-level architecture of the waste management system. Challenges are highlighted in Section 12.5. Finally, conclusion and future scope are detailed in Section 12.6.

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