Climate Change, Gender Roles and Hierarchies: Socioeconomic Transformation in an Ethnic Minority Com

Background to the researchFocus of the researchGender in a context of climate, regulatory’ and social change: a survey of relevant literatureRepresentation of gender in climate-change debatesGender, livelihood security, food security and climate changeMen, masculinities and work in climate change and development discourseClimate-change adaptation strategies from a gender perspectiveIndigenous communities and ethnic minorities: analyses of vulnerabilitiesIndigenous groups, gender and climate changeGender and climate change in the context of Viet NamResearch methodologies used in this studyMethodologies and research strategiesData analysis and structure of the bookNotesReferencesImpact of a changing climate on an ethnic minority community in a remote mountainous region of Viet NamThe Co Tu ethnic minority of Central Viet NamImpacts of sedentarization programs and other regulatory changes on the Co Tu communityProblems and vulnerabilities in the Co Tu community associated with climate changeClimate change in Ca Dy Commune, Quang Nam ProvinceLocal climate conditionsThe changing climate and people’s perceptionsEvidence from primary data about local perceptions of climate changeGender and local perceptionsThe changing climate: scientific evidence based on meteorological dataMethodology: the Mann-Kendall testTemperatures: trends regarding annual mean temperaturesMonthly mean temperature fluctuationsRainfallRainy season rainfall trendsDry season rainfall trendsEvidence and consensus: comparing statistical evidence and people’s perceptionsSummaryNotesReferencesThe Co Tu of Ca Dy Commune: vulnerabilities in the face of rapid changeImpact of regulatory and socioeconomic changes on women’s and men’s work in Ca Dy CommuneWomen’s and men’s work in earlier decadesRegulatory’ changes in land use and forest protectionGender and livelihood patternsSocioeconomic and cultural changeNew needs and uses for cash in a previously self-sufficient economyGender, age and assessments of socioeconomic changeSummaryNoteReferencesThe struggle for food and livelihood security: changing livelihoods, gender roles and gender hierarchiesCollective impacts of a changing climate and societyImpacts on food insecurityImpacts of decreased food security on gender relationsCo Tu women’s responses to increased food insecurityCo Tu men’s responses to increased livelihood insecurityWomen’s responses to livelihood insecurityChanges in women’s and men’s livelihoods and the division of laborRelationships between husbands and wives, and changing roles in the householdThe younger generation and gender-differentiated expectationsGender relations in transition: more recent developmentsRecent changes affecting middle-aged men and womenRecent changes affecting young women and young menSummaryNoteReferencesAnalyzing combined impacts of climate, regulatory and social changeSummary of findingsDiscussion of findings in relation to the literatureImplications for gender-related concerns: ethnic minorities and indigenous communities in previously isolated regionsDecentralization of national policies to take local conditions into accountViet Nam’s national policies, contextualization efforts and ethnic minoritiesPromoting social cohesion and gender equality through sustainable local institutionsGender assessments and trainings and the importance of new knowledgeA closing thoughtNotesReferencesAppendix
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