The Routledge Handbook of Pentecostal Theology

I. Contextualizing Pentecostal theologySYSTEMATIC PENTECOSTAL THEOLOGY: A typologyTheology as Bible doctrinesTheology and spiritualityTheology in light of the kingdom of GodPhilosophical and fundamental theologyTheology as full gospelTheology for the pluralistic worldImplications of the typologyConclusionReferencesPENTECOSTAL THEOLOGY AS A GLOBAL CHALLENGE: Contextual theological constructionsPentecostal varietiesContextual Pentecostal theologiesA global theology?ConclusionReferencesPENTECOSTAL THEOLOGY AS SPIRITUALITY: Explorations in theological methodTheology and spiritualityProposals that cast Pentecostal theology as spiritualityIntegrationistPhilosophicalLiberationistMysticalConclusionReferencesPENTECOSTAL THEOLOGY AS STORY: Participating in God’s missionNarrative identityPentecostal story as spiritual identityTheological identity emerging from the storyThe Pentecostal story revisionedConclusionReferencesII. SourcesREVELATION: The light and fire of PentecostPentecost and hermeneuticsRevelation as witnessSpirit, word, and communityRevelation as apocalyptic light and fireConclusionReferencesSCRIPTURE: Finding one’s place in God’s storyExperience, orality, and storyThe Bible as a living wordStrange bedfellows: evangelicalism, word of faith, and postmodernismConclusionReferencesREASON: Widening the sources of Pentecostal theologyThe emergence of Pentecostal theologyTheological accounts of rationalityPentecostal theology and irrationalityPentecostal theology and discernmentA history of assessment of Pentecostal rationalityAn application of reasonConclusionReferencesEXPERIENCE: The mediated immediacy of encounter with the SpiritPentecostal experience in the theological landscapeThe evolution of experienceCorrelational vs. non-correlational approachesPentecostal experience in the Pentecostal worldviewDistinguishing Pentecostal experienceThe authority of Pentecostal experienceThe Pentecostal communal experience that houses Pentecostal experienceExperience as mediated immediacy: a fruitful ventureConclusionReferencesTRADITION: Retrieving and updating Pentecostal core beliefsThe nature and problem of traditionThe Pentecostal sensus fideliumTradition and the development of doctrineThe recovery of a Pentecostal traditionTradition between aggiornamento and ressourcementConclusionReferencesCULTURE: Disruption, accommodation, and pneumatological resignificationThe cultural domainInterrogating the cultural colonial legacyInherited cultural debatesPentecostals-charismatics: moving across a spectrum of choicesDisruptionCultural accommodationDynamic resignificationConclusionReferencesWORSHIP: Embodying the encounter with GodEmbodiment, ritual, and the socialWorship as kinaesthetic interactionWorship, spirit(s), and bodiesWorship and the therapeuticWorship as social engagementConclusionReferencesIII. Theological methodsBIBLICAL HERMENEUTICS: Reading Scripture with the Spirit in communityA historical overview of Pentecostal hermeneuticsDeveloping a unique Pentecostal hermeneuticEssential elements of a Pentecostal biblical hermeneuticScriptureSpiritExperienceCommunityConclusionReferencesTHEOLOGICAL HERMENEUTICS: Understanding the world in the encounter with GodThe turn to theological hermeneuticsExplicit Pentecostal theological hermeneuticsDevelopment and types of classical Pentecostal theological hermeneuticsOriginal theological hermeneuticsContextual Pentecostal hermeneuticsEcumenical Pentecostal hermeneuticsDeveloping global Pentecostal hermeneuticsConclusionReferencesTHE PNEUMATOLOGICAL IMAGINATION: The logic of Pentecostal theologyThe logic/s of Pentecostal theologyContours of the pneumatological imaginationExperiencing Pentecost: many sensesUnderstanding Pentecost: many tonguesPerforming Pentecost: many interpenetrating voicesConclusionReferencesPRACTICAL THEOLOGY: Attending to pneumatologically-driven praxisPentecostal approaches to practical theologyEvaluation of some key issuesChallenges and future trajectoriesConclusionReferencesTHE FULL GOSPEL: A liturgical hermeneutic of PentecostPentecost as theological symbolAltar liturgyThe full gospelSavedSanctifiedBaptized in the spiritHealedCommissionedConclusionReferencesIV. Doctrines and practicesTRINITARIAN THEOLOGY: The Spirit and the fellowship of the triune GodPentecostal engagement with the TrinityThe Spirit’s trinitarian narrativeThe Spirit of ChristThe Spirit of PentecostA Pentecostal TrinityPentecostal and traditional trinitarian theologyConclusionReferencesONENESS THEOLOGY: Restoring the apostolic faithOrigins of modern Oneness PentecostalismAn apostolic hermeneutic: apostolic authorityThe Oneness of God and the absolute deity of Jesus ChristChristian initiation according to Acts 2:38The life of holinessConclusionReferencesPNEUMATOLOGY: Eschatological intensification of the personal presence of GodExperiencing the Holy Spirit of PentecostThe personhood of the Holy SpiritThe passion of the Spirit as personThe divinity of the SpiritThe divine presenceIntensifying presenceEschatological presenceConclusionReferencesCHRISTOLOGY: Jesus and others; Jesus and GodJesus in relation to othersJesus and his beneficiariesJesus and his foesChrist in relation to GodOneness ChristologyTrinitarian ChristologyToward an eschatological Spirit ChristologyConclusionReferencesSALVATION: Participating in the story where earth and heaven meetSalvation in Luke-ActsSin and atonementHuman responseA Pentecostal ordo salutisSalvation as praxisSalvation and prosperityDestiny: the climax of salvationIndividual destinyCorporate destinyEcumenical debatesUniversal salvationUnrepeatable salvationSalvation as deificationConclusionReferencesSANCTIFICATION Becoming an icon of the Spirit through holy lovePhoebe Palmer’s shorter wayThe doctrinal poles of holiness theologySanctification as Pentecostal doctrineConclusionReferencesSPIRIT BAPTISM: Initiation in the fullness of God’s promisesThe challenges of Spirit baptism in the Pentecostal renewalEcumenical responses to Pentecostals on Spirit baptismA constructive proposalOld Testament rootsNew Testament fulfillmentConclusionReferencesDIVINE HEALING: Sacramental signs of salvationThe origins of Pentecostal healing theologyEarly Pentecostal healing practicesThe gift of healing and the healing evangelistsRecovering the democratization of healing ministryPentecostal healing and medicineHealing, missions, and the globalization of PentecostalismConclusionReferencesESCHATOLOGY: The always present hopeDispensational eschatologyClassical dispensationalismLatter Rain dispensationalismSalvation as an eschatological processSanctification and the cosmic PentecostSpirit baptism and the eschatological cosmosHealing as eschatological foretasteConclusionReferencesMISSIOLOGY: Evangelization, holistic ministry, and social justiceTheological motivation for Pentecostal missionEvangelistic mission: saving souls as the mother of missionMission as evangelismChallenges of evangelistic missionHolistic mission: responding to human sufferingAreas of Pentecostal holistic missionCritical responses to holistic missionJustice as mission: rebuilding societyHuman flourishingSocial equalityPublic engagementRacial reconciliationOther uncharted territoriesConclusionReferencesECCLESIOLOGY: Spirit-shaped fellowships of gospel missionHoly Spirit fellowshipGospel fellowship of ChristMissionary fellowshipMission and contextMission and unityMission and structuresSpirit-shaped ecclesiologyFull gospel ecclesiologyCongregational ecclesiologyPentecost ecclesiologyConclusionReferencesSPIRITUAL GIFTS: Manifestations of the kingdom of GodDefinition of termsSpiritual gifts as manifestations of God’s presenceDoxology: spiritual gifts and the glory of GodMinistry: spiritual gifts and the power of GodHealing: God's power over sicknessTongues: God’s power for ministryTransformation: spiritual gifts and the justice of GodProphetic confrontation and the holiness of GodSpiritual gifts and the new communityTowards a theology of spiritual giftsThe fascination with the more striking giftsSpiritual gifts—natural or supernatural?Desiring spiritual giftsContributions of Pentecostal theologyConclusionReferencesSACRAMENTS: Rites in the Spirit for the presence of ChristThe sacramental turnA liturgical paradigm shiftThe altar and the tableA liturgy of divine presenceConclusionReferencesSPIRITUAL WARFARE: The cosmic conflict between good and evilA brief history of spiritual warfareThe contemporary spiritual warfare movementGround-level warfareStrategic-level warfareWitchdetnonologyA critique of spiritual warfare teachingAttention on the devilSatan’s limitationsThe cause of misfortunesThe place of suffering in lifeA biblical Pentecostal theology of spiritual warfareChrist and the kingdomSatan’s method is the mindChrist is the victory of believersConclusionReferencesV. Conversations and challengesARTS AND AESTHETICS: The pursuit of beauty through the outpour of the SpiritPentecostal relationships with the artsPentecostals and musicPentecostals and the visual artsPentecostals and the embodied artsPentecostal contributions to theological aestheticsA pneumatological aestheticsAesthetics in conversation with Pentecostal theologyConclusionReferencesTHEOLOGY OF DISABILITY: The Spirit and disabled empowermentDisability: context and meaningPentecostalism, disability, and healing practicesA pneumatological theology of disabilityThe challenge of Jesus from a disabled perspectiveSpirit-empowerment and the flourishing of people with a disabilityConclusionReferencesECOTHEOLOGY: A people of the Spirit for earthImpediments to Pentecostal environmental engagementPrecursors to Pentecostal environmental engagementProspects for Pentecostal environmental theologyEcotheology and the full gospelEcotheology and pneumatologyEcotheology and eschatologyPractical ecotheologyConclusionReferencesTHEOLOGY OF ECONOMICS: Pentecost and the household of the SpiritAn overview of contributionsToward a pneumatic cosmology of shared lifeHumanity’s charismatic ontologyPentecost and the economics of the SpiritThe eucharist as a politico-economic practiceConclusionReferencesECUMENICAL THEOLOGY: A restorationist embrace of the unity of the SpiritAn ecumenical history of Pentecostal theologyToward an ecumenical theologyA pneumatological directionA Pentecostal directionA theological strategy for ecumenical ministryConclusionReferencesFEMINIST THEOLOGIES: Deconstructing the patriarchal gender paradigmThe shape of Pentecostal feminist theologiesCriticism and retrieval of the past: biblical and historical contributionsRevisioning doctrine: theological contributionsConclusionReferencesPHILOSOPHY: Inspiration for living relationally and thinking rigorouslyThe affective phenomenology of Pentecostal theologyPentecostal epistemology: affect, experience, and personal knowledgePentecostal hermeneutics: the temporal and moral horizons of affectConclusionReferencesPROSPERITY THEOLOGY: Material abundance and praxis of transformationA historical genealogy of prosperity theologyAn ecumenical critique of prosperity theologyThe Cape Town CommitmentTogether towards lifeGaudium EvangeliiThe socioeconomics of contemporary prosperity theologyConclusionReferencesRACE: Reordering the world on the principle of graceDefinitions of racismTheologies of racial exclusion, subordination, and separationTheologies of racial inclusionPracticing theological maneuvers of interraciality and multiracialityTheologies of a post-racist state: an Azusa Street alternative to raceBeyond the color lineConclusionReferencesSOCIAL JUSTICE: Theology as social transformationA typology of Pentecostal theology and social justiceWilliam Seymour’s social vision: unity, equality, lovePentecostal social ethics: Azusa Street and beyondContemporary modes of social engagement: ethics and ecclesiology in the public squareA radical social gospel: present and future challengesConclusionReferencesTHEOLOGY OF RELIGIONS Divine hospitality and spiritual discernmentWhether Pentecostal theology is sensitive to religions and religious plurality—the challengeThe importance for Pentecostals to tackle the issue of religionsWhat Pentecostals have done about theology of religions—the recordEmerging Pentecostal explorations into the theology of religionsWhither Pentecostal theology of religions—the visionThe “turn” to the spirit as the key to Pentecostal theology of religionsTrinitarian “rules” for a pneumatological theology of religionsThe Spirit’s invitation to a relational engagement with the otherConclusionReferencesTHEOLOGY AND SCIENCE: Disciplines at the limits of Pentecostal discourseClassical Pentecostalism and the evasion of scienceContemporary Pentecostal ventures and voices in the religion and science interfaceThe stakes for a distinctly Pentecostal theology of scienceConclusionReferences
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