Theorising the Crises of the European Union

IntroductionCrisis of European integration: exceptional times or permanent state?What is a crisis?Contextualizing EU's crisesDistinctive features of the crisis context since 2009Understanding the polycrisisPresentation of the bookNotesReferencesLegitimacy crisis in the European UnionIntroductionThe EU as an object of legitimationA: Encompassing powersB: Monopoly powersC: Final powersD: Exit powersE: Coercive powersTypes of legitimacy crisisCrisis tendenciesConclusionReferencesSovereignty conflicts in the European UnionIntroduction: sovereignty, an elusive conceptGrand theories of EU integration and sovereigntyNeo-functionalismIntergovernmentalismNeo-functionalist and intergovernmentalist accounts of the EU's contemporary crisesThe rise of contestation, democracy, and sovereignty in the EURenewed approaches: post-functionalism and new intergovernmentalismProblematic parliamentarism in the EU multi-level politicsThe rise of popular sovereignty claimsThe multi-crises of the EU as conflicts of sovereigntyA constructivist and multidimensional approachClaims to sovereignty in the EU's multiple crisesConclusionAcknowledgementsReferencesCleavage politics and European integrationIntroductionA dynamic understanding of cleavage formationEuropean integration and the new integration-demarcation cleavageEurope's crises and the restructuring of political conflictNorthwestern EuropeSouthern EuropeCentral-Eastern EuropeConclusionAcknowledgementsNotesReferencesThe new intergovernmentalism and the Euro Crisis: a painful case?IntroductionProblems of preference formationA crisis of consensus-seeking and deliberationSupranational preferencesDelegation and de novo bodiesMagnifying Europe's disequilibriumThe new intergovernmentalism and the European refugee crisisConclusionAcknowledgementNotesReferencesNeofunctionalism in the decade of crisesIntroductionNeofunctionalism and politicizationThe role of European integration in "ordinary" Europeans' life prior to the crisesAn emerging European party system?2Populist efforts to mobilize against the EU during the crisesCitizen mobilization for/against the EU and its policies during the crisesHow different this time?The Brexit trigger?AcknowledgmentNotesReferencesBetween neo-functionalist optimism and post-functionalist pessimism: integrating politicisation into integration theoryIntroductionGrand theories of European integration and public EU politicisationInsights from the literature on EU politicisationConclusions: integrating politicisation into the integration theory?AcknowledgementsNotesReferencesSociological approaches to the crisisIntroductionWhat are sociological approaches?EU sociology of everyday practicesPower as relationActor-centred constructivismThe economic and financial crises: a norm-creating processImplementation and adjustmentsEuropean semesterBailoutsHow classical theories explain the economic and financial crisis?Liberal intergovernmentalismNeo-functionalismConstructivismSociological approaches in understanding the economic and financial crisisFraming through actor-centred constructivismThe society-EU relationship under scrutiny in times of crisisConclusionAcknowledgementsReferencesEuropean communion and planetary organic crisisIntroduction: European communion theory of crisisNeoliberal crisis of economy through inequalityEuropean communion and neoliberal economic crisisDemographic crisis of society through injusticeEuropean communion and demographic social crisisClimatic crisis of ecology through unsustainabilityEuropean communion and climatic ecological crisisProxy crisis of conflict through insecurityEuropean communion and proxy conflict crisisEthno-nationalist crisis of politics through irresilienceEuropean communion and ethno-national politics crisisConclusion: European communion and the planetary organic crisisBibliographyThe limits of the Europeanization research agenda: decoding the reverse process in and around the EUIntroduction(De-)Europeanization research agenda: achievements and shortcomingsDomestic context as the driver of (de-) Europeanization: Hungary and TurkeyDe-Europeanization and autocratizationTracing autocratization and de-Europeanization in HungaryTracing autocratization and de-Europeanization in TurkeyConclusion: rethinking the role of the EU in (de-)Europeanization in a crisis contextNotesReferencesASEAN and the EU in times of crises: critical junctures from the perspective of comparative regionalismIntroductionConceptualising comparative regional integration and critical juncture analysisRegional core states and external hegemonsExternal and internal institutional environmentExternal normative environment and ideas of regionalismApplying the critical junctures approach to ASEAN and the EU in times of crisisASEAN and East AsiaEurope and the EUAnalysis — drivers, spoilers, and dissolvers of regional institutionsRegional core states and external hegemonsExternal and internal institutional environmentExternal and internal norms, beliefs, and ideasConclusionNotesReferencesDifferentiation as a response to crises?IntroductionDefining differentiationUnderstanding supply and demand for differentiationDifferentiation and European crisesDenmark and Sweden: between de facto and de jure differentiationGreece and Iceland after the great recession: two diverging patterns of differentiationBrexit, disintegration and the future of EuropeConclusionReferencesUnderstanding and explaining the European Union in a crisis context: concluding reflectionsIntroductionMain findingsTheoretical findingsEmpirical findingsMethodological findingsConcluding reflections: the EU and the challenge of the COVID-19 pandemicUnderstanding the EU's initial response to the Coronavirus pandemicAn assessment of the EU's early response: just another crisis? Or the beginning of the end?ConclusionReferences
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