Climate Change and Industry Structure in China: Mitigation Strategy

I. Emission reduction analysisLiterature review of contaminant disposal modeling under the productivity frameworkResearch ideas and theoretical developmentIndex methodDistance functionDirectional distance functionModel solving methodParametric distance function solution based on translog functionSolution of directional distance function based on quadratic functionStochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA)Solution based on non-parametric data envelope analysis (DEA) methodReview of existing empirical studiesIn terms of research objects, foreign countries focus on micro-scale research, and domestic focus on macro-level analysisIn the theoretical hypothesis, the original part of the hypothesis needs to be relaxed, but the difficulty of the model is increasedIn the algorithm implementation, the function form setting is quite different, and the calculation process is still complicatedIn the conclusion of the study, there is a certain gap with the reality, and it is still necessary to strengthen its policy significanceConclusionNotesInter provincial CO2 shadow price research based on the parametric modelShadow price concept and literature reviewDerivation of directional distance function and shadow priceVariable description and estimation resultsProblem discussion and research conclusionsNotesRegional decomposition of CO2 emission reduction potential and emission reduction targetsBackground of emission abatement and quota allocationModels, methods, and dataEmission reduction potential modelShadow price modelVariables and dataEmpirical researchInterprovincial emission reduction potentialRegional marginal cost of emission reductionInterprovincial emission reduction and emission reduction efficiencyFurther discussion on emission reduction potential and marginal cost of emission reductionConclusionNotesResearch on CО2 marginal abatement cost in Chinese citiesUrban greenhouse gas emissionsPrevious literature reviewResearch on urban carbon dioxide emissionsCarbon dioxide marginal abatement cost researchBased on expert carbon dioxide abatement costsCarbon dioxide abatement costs based on economic-energy modelsCarbon dioxide abatement cost curve based on micro supply sideMarginal abatement cost modelDirectional distance function based on outputShadow price model of pollutantsEmpirical model setting and solvingInput–output data at the city levelData sources and processingMain variablesData feature statisticsEmpirical resultsParameter estimationMarginal abatement cost discussionIdentification of influencing factors of urban CO2 marginal abatement costsDiscussion of the literature on the influencing factorsModel setting and variable selectionDiscussion of empirical resultsMain conclusions and implicationsNoteII. Strategic responseIndustrial restructuring strategy to mitigate and control CO2 emissionsMajor research findingsBasic ideas for industrial structure adjustmentCurrent domestic and international situation in controlling greenhouse gas emissionsMain challenges in controlling current greenhouse gas emissionsBasic ideas of industrial restructuring in the short and medium termBasic principles of industrial restructuring in the short to medium termStrategic conception of industrial structure adjustmentAddition strategy: vigorously develop low-carbon and carbon-fixing industriesSubtraction strategy: contain heavy chemical industry, shut down the backward industryUpgrade strategy: upgrade traditional industries and improve resource efficiencyTransfer strategy: transfer high-carbon product production and replace high-carbon energyKey fields and links of industrial structure adjustmentEnergy sectorIndustryTransportation industryAgricultureConstruction industryService industrySafeguard measures for the implementation of industrial structure adjustment strategyStrengthening the target responsibility assessment systemImplementation of the existing industrial restructuring policiesAccelerate the pace of market-oriented reforms and increase industrial concentrationForm a price mechanism that reflects the cost of resources and the environmentComprehensive use of fiscal and taxation means to support the transformation and upgrading of traditional industriesProviding public welfare support for technology, management, and training for the elimination industry
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