Upgrade strategy: upgrade traditional industries and improve resource efficiency
The addition strategy is mainly to increase low-carbon industries. The subtraction strategy is mainly to reduce high-carbon industries, and the improvement strategy is mainly for stocks, that is, to maintain the scale of existing industrial sectors, through industrial transformation and upgrading, resource recycling, and energy efficiency. Improve the way to achieve the same input, increase output, or output to reduce energy and other factors, thereby improving the economic efficiency of GHG emissions, reducing the GHG emission intensity per unit of output, and achieving indirect emission reduction. Specifically include the following strategic content:
- (1) Promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional manufacturing. For China’s traditional equipment manufacturing sector, the focus is on improving the level of localization of technical equipment and improving the overall level of R&D, processing, manufacturing and system integration through independent innovation, introduction of technology, cooperative development, and joint manufacturing; the department should use industrialization to promote industrialization, use high-tech and advanced practical technologies to transform, promote the in-depth integration of information and industrialization, and increase the proportion of independent intellectual property rights, independent brands and high-end products. According to energy, resource conditions and environmental capacity, we will focus on adjusting the product structure, enterprise organization structure and industrial layout of the raw material industry to improve product quality and technical content.
- (2) Actively explore and develop circular economy. In accordance with the requirements of the new industrialization road, we will actively promote the reduction of clean production and resource utilization in the industrial sector, reuse and resource utilization, and form a more mature model of circular economy development within enterprises, enterprises and parks, and reduce cement as much as possible. The use of lime, steel, calcium carbide and other products to reduce GHG emissions from the source and production processes. At the same time, it researches and promotes advanced waste incineration and landfill gas recycling technologies, promotes the industrialization of waste treatment, and reduces GHG emissions such as methane during waste disposal. By 2015, the comprehensive utilization rate of industrial solid waste will reach over 72%.
- (3) Strive to improve energy efficiency in key industries. Improve the concentration of key industries such as steel, cement, non-ferrous metals, machinery, and automobiles, reduce the energy consumption level of energy-consuming products in key industries, and improve energy efficiency. Implement energy-saving key projects and strengthen energysaving management. Implement energy-saving renovation projects such as
Industrial restructuring strategy 133 boiler kiln renovation, motor system energy conservation, energy system optimization, energy-saving technology industrialization demonstration project, contract energy management promotion project, etc., and promote energy conservation in industries, construction, transportation and other fields and industries.
Transfer strategy: transfer high-carbon product production and replace high-carbon energy
The transfer strategy has three main meanings. The first is to reduce the production of productive carbon sources through the transfer of industrial structure in spatial layout. Developed countries have transferred the production of a large number of high-carbon products industries to developing countries. At the same time, they have also constrained developing countries through international negotiations. Under the premise that they cannot temporarily change the basic framework of international climate negotiations, they can consider part of the developed regions in China in due course. The geographical transfer of carbon industry to other neighboring countries; the second is to reduce carbon through the carbon product trade strategy; that is, to form a trade deficit of high-carbon products through international trade, thereby indirectly reducing domestic energy consumption and carbon emissions. It is the transfer of energy between different carbon sources in the energy production conversion sector; that is, the replacement between clean energy and traditional fossil energy. Specific strategic content includes:
- (1) Optimize industrial layout for domestic and international markets, and promote capacity transfer and overseas investment. In the process of industrial transformation and upgrading, the central and western regions will undertake a large number of industrial transfer in the east. The central and western regions should adhere to the requirements of the main functional zoning, adhere to high standards according to the resource and environmental carrying capacity and development potential, and ban high-energy consumption and high pollution industries and backwardness. Transfer of production capacity. Support qualified enterprises to go abroad to invest overseas, and transfer some industries that do not have labor advantages, resource and energy consumption, carbon emissions and other serious pollution to other countries.
- (2) Strictly control the export of high-carbon products and increase the import of energy-intensive products to replace domestic production. We will adopt measures such as adjusting export tax rebates and tariffs to strictly control the export of high-energy, high-emission and resourcebased products, and increase the import scale of corresponding resourcebased raw materials, energy-intensive and carbon-intensive processed products. In addition, the use of fiscal and taxation means to encourage the import of equipment, instruments and technical materials for cleanproduction, and to ban the production technology, equipment and products that are explicitly eliminated by the state.
- (3) Develop renewable energy sources to replace traditional fossil energy sources. Under the premise of environmental protection and resettlement, we will develop hydropower in an orderly manner, strive to build a large-scale wind power industry and wind power base, promote the development and utilization of biomass energy, and actively support solar power, solar heat, geothermal energy, and ocean. We can develop and utilize such resources, actively and steadily promote the construction of nuclear power, and replace traditional fossil energy with clean renewable energy. By 2015, non-fossil energy accounts for 11.4% of total primary energy consumption, of which commercialized renewable energy accounts for more than 9.5% of total energy consumption.