Safeguard measures for the implementation of industrial structure adjustment strategy
- Strengthening the target responsibility assessment system
- Implementation of the existing industrial restructuring policies
- Accelerate the pace of market-oriented reforms and increase industrial concentration
- Form a price mechanism that reflects the cost of resources and the environment
- Comprehensive use of fiscal and taxation means to support the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries
- Providing public welfare support for technology, management, and training for the elimination industry
In order to ensure that the GHG emission binding targets can be achieved through effective industrial restructuring in the coming period, it is necessary to comprehensively utilize various government means and market-based means. To this end, it is recommended to ensure the adjustment of industrial structure through the following measures.
Strengthening the target responsibility assessment system
The central government has decomposed the target of carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP and established a statistical monitoring and evaluation system. In order to achieve this strategic goal, by 2015, the value-added of service industry will increase to 47%, and the proportion of added value of strategic emerging industries will increase to 8%. This is an important way to achieve this. From the central to the provincial level, two industrial structure indicators, as well as other indicators (such as the proportion of the first two or three industries are regularly monitored and evaluated the proportion of heavy chemical industry, etc.); at the provincial level, there is no strict industrial structure adjustment targets, but also according to the province’s own industrial structure characteristics and related industrial structure development plans, formulate corresponding industrial structure adjustment targets and measures to promote GHG emission reduction targets in various regions and the realization of national industrial restructuring targets.
Implementation of the existing industrial restructuring policies
Strictly implement and implement the Guidance Catalogue for Industrial Structure Adjustment issued by the State, the Catalogue of Guidance for Foreign Investment Industries, and the Catalogue of Regional Industry Guidance; continuously improve the access threshold for industries with high energy consumption, high emissions and overcapacity, and improve project approval, approval and filing system, strictly control new and backward production capacity; resolutely eliminate and dismantle outdated production capacity, according to the list of “eliminating backward production capacity enterprises,” smelting and lead in iron making, steel making, coke, ferroalloy, calcium carbide, copper (recycled copper) (including recycled lead) smelting, zinc (including regenerative zinc) smelting, cement (clinker and mill), flat glass, paper, alcohol, leather, printing and dyeing, chemical fiber, lead storage batteries and other high-energy consumption, high-pollution industries, backward production capacity resolutely eliminated.
Accelerate the pace of market-oriented reforms and increase industrial concentration
It is necessary to further increase the pace of market-oriented reforms, break the situation of regional administrative monopoly and market segmentation, and use assets as a link to achieve reintegration of resource elements through acquisitions, mergers, and reorganizations, to avoid duplication of construction and formation of backward production capacity between regions. Enterprises will become stronger and bigger, continuously increase industrial concentration and form economies of scale.
Form a price mechanism that reflects the cost of resources and the environment
It is necessary to rationalize the relationship between factor prices and price factors (such as coal, oil, natural gas, etc.) to form a price mechanism that reflects resource costs and environmental costs, thereby guiding low carbonization and new carbon industry through price adjustment leverage low-carbon production capacity.
Comprehensive use of fiscal and taxation means to support the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries
The fundamental driving force for the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries is to improve product quality through innovation, such as fiscal interest subsidies, tax reductions, equipment loans, subsidies for conversion, accelerated equipment depreciation, high carbon product export tax increases, low carbon products export tax rebates, etc. Measures to support traditional enterprises to carry out technological transformation and equipment upgrades, thereby enhancing the competitiveness of traditional industries, improving the technical content and added value of products, and at the same time forming new industrial growth points.
Providing public welfare support for technology, management, and training for the elimination industry
For declining industries, shutting down and transferring industries and other backward industries, it is necessary to provide corresponding technical and operational guidance, consulting and employee skills training and other public services, and incorporate them into the government’s public welfare social service system, thereby reducing social and economic shocks caused by production capacity.