Adapting Gender and Development to Local Religious Contexts: A Decolonial Approach to Domestic Viole

A brief genealogy of feminist thought around genderGender theory as a reflection of deeper metaphysics of humanity and genderWestern Euro-centrism in the paradigm of gender and developmentReligion in gender and development discourseDomestic violence in gender and development and public health theoryA closer look at the epistemological premises of gender-based violence researchSocial norms and public health approachesAccounting better for religious systems and the interface with human behaviourConducting gender-sensitive research within local religious societiesThe study in Aksum and its approachConcluding thoughtsNotesLinguistic and cosmological translationRevisiting feminist epistemologies in cross-cultural gender studiesA closer look at gender and religious studiesIntegrating theology in religious studiesTheology-informed investigations in EthiopiaResearching intimate partner violence in a safe and inclusive mannerAddressing the epistemological issuesLearning local languagesMaking the ‘I’ visible in the research processIntegrating dialogical research methodsNotesIntimate partner violence, gender and faith in EthiopiaDirections in the scholarship and unaddressed questionsWomen’s status in Ethiopia historically and in post-revolution TigrayGender-specific socialisation and the influence of the clergyThe legal framework on domestic violence and reported cultural influencesResearch timeline and study areasNotesThe Ethiopian Orthodox Täwahәdo tradition and the conjugal relationshipA historical overview of the Ethiopian Orthodox Täwahәdo ChurchDoctrinal and theological foundations of the ChurchThe EOTC’s Judeo-Christian characterThe EOTC’s variegated Patristic traditionThe EOTC’s exegetical traditionThe traditional Church education and exposure of clergy to theologyTeachings on man woman relations, marriage and the conjugal relationshipMan woman relationsMarriage and divorceThe conjugal relationshipAn eclectic tradition with internal tensionsNotesConjugal abuse conceptualisations and attitudesResearching conjugal abuse without a predefined terminologyData on conjugal abuseParticipants’ discourses of harmful conjugal behaviour and situationsSituational or interactional abuseGender-related asymmetriesPhysical violenceSerious conjugal crimesSexual coercion: a hardly ever discussed issueLocal attitudes toward harmful conjugal situations and behaviourNotesMarriage in the local normative frameworkTerminological considerationsLocal depictions of marriage and gender relations in the past and presentMarriage and spousal ideals and expectationsKinship expectations and the role of the family in marriageIrregular unions and changing relationship normsPersisting and changing marriage norms and conjugal abuseNotesResponses to conjugal abuse in the local institutional frameworkLocal police and social courtsLocal women’s associationsThe mediation of family, elders and neighboursThe salience of the clergy in marriageThe discourses of rural clergy life and linkages with conjugal abuseMarriage practices and virginityTeachings about the conjugal relationshipPastoral mediation of conjugal problems and laity responsesNotesFaith, culture and social normsResearching the local religio cultural cosmologyThe haymanot/bahәl dyad vis-à-vis social normsPosition that pronounced faith as cultural heritage and moral normsPosition that pronounced faith as conscientious practicePositions that emphasised faith as spiritual experienceReligious idiom and social normsReligious gatherings, alcohol consumption and the bahәl/haymanot binaryNotesFaith, marriage and gendered expressionsPerceptions about the influence of faith on conjugal behaviourGendered invocations of religious tradition and faith in marriageReligious beliefs and faith in conjugal life and abusive situationsFaith in women’s coping with difficult marriages and in their responses to conjugal abuseFaith in men’s decision making about conjugal behaviourNotesThe individual, human nature and conjugal abuseAmbiguous personality-based aetiologies of conjugal abuseThe natural dimensions of the human personality (bahri)The relationship between individual parameters and the social dimensionThe relationship between individual parameters and the spiritual dimensionGendered personalities and implications for attitudes about conjugal abusePersonality and relationship problems through a psychological lensNotesBeyond western Eurocentric lenses: contextualising conjugal abuseAppropriate approaches for alleviating conjugal abuse in AksumLeveraging on theology and pastoral mediationA more integrated approachWider implications and relevance of the studyNotesAppendix
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