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A short course of lectures
«Marine Anthropogenic Litter»

Sampling for MicroplasticsPlastics and Their Chemical IngredientsWeathering Under Marine ConditionsVisual Quantification of MicroplasticsMicroand Nanoplastics and Human HealthIngestion of Microand Nanoplastics and Uptake Across the GutIdentification of Microplastics by Their Chemical CompositionPyrolysis-GC/MSMicroplastics in the Marine Environment: Distribution, Interactions and EffectsBiotaMicroplastics in the Atlantic OceanSubtidal SedimentsMicroplastic Effect on HabitatsMicroplastics in the Marine Environment: Sources, Consequences and SolutionsFrançois Galgani, Georg Hanke and Thomas MaesRate of AccumulationTextilesLaboratory Preparation of SamplesEstimating the Economic Impacts of Marine LitterTraining of VolunteersRecommendations for Citizen-Science Projects on Marine LitterImpacts of Plastic IngestionEntanglementSeafloorCase StudyAccidental and Secondary IngestionDetection and Occurrence of NanoplasticThe Accumulation of Chemicals on Plastic Debris in the Marine EnvironmentInteractions of Microplastics with Marine OrganismsSources and Pathways of Microplastics to HabitatsComparison of Citizen Science and Professional Science Studies on Marine LitterPlastics and Human HealthExtraction of MicroplasticsResultsAquaculturePlastic Degradation and the Microplastic BoomSmotheringBisphenol a and Human HealthSpecific Challenges in Nanoplastic Effect ResearchGlobal Distribution, Composition and Abundance of Marine LitterInto the Southern HemisphereImplications and RecommendationsMicroplastics in the OceansMitigating MeasuresRegional InstrumentsEquilibrium PartitioningSpatial and Temporal Patterns in the Abundance of MicroplasticsNational InstrumentsImpacts from Species DispersalFeeding BiologyFPA-based Micro-FTIR Analysis of Pre-extracted Particles in Sediment SamplesSpatial ScaleLarger Plastic LitterSuccession of the Rafting CommunitySafer Alternatives to BPAThe Contribution of Citizen Scientists to the Monitoring of Marine LitterSediment SamplesPreventive MeasuresIngestion of PlasticThe Economics of Marine LitterVisual IdentificationSize FractionationModels to Assess the Importance of Microplastic IngestionEffects of EntanglementInternational InstrumentsII Biological Implications of Marine LitterMitigation Measures and Long-Term Changes in Marine LitterChain of Impacts Related to Plastic IngestionDeleterious Effects of Litter on Marine LifeCompositionSample PurificationSea TurtlesBioaccumulation and Effects of NanoplasticsI Abiotic Aspects of Marine Litter PollutionFloating Litter as Dispersal VectorExamples of Instruments on Marine LitterPlastic Debris as a Sink for Environmental ContaminantsVariability by Plastic Type and SizeHazards Associated with Plastic IngredientsThe Early 1970s—Pellets and Other Problems in the North AtlanticMarine Litter and Economic IncentivesGlobal TransportInteraction of Microspheres and Nanoparticles with Cells and TissuesMobilityMarine Litter Studies Supported by Citizen ScientistsMicroplastics in Polar RegionsMethodology Used for the Detection and Identification of Microplastics—A Critical AppraisalPlastic Bag InitiativesRegions Where Studies Have Been DoneMicroplastics in the Pacific OceanDefinitions of MicroplasticsMicroplastics in European Seas and the Mediterranean SeaLandfill Taxes/LeviesWays of EntanglementMedicinesMechanisms of Photo-OxidationPotential Gaps in Marine Litter ManagementThe Global Distribution of Microplastics in the SeaFisheriesHazards Associated with the Complex Mixture of Plastic and Sorbed PollutantsIR SpectroscopyMarine Litter as Habitat and Dispersal VectorModel-Based Assessment of Implications and Risks of Plastic-Associated ChemicalsOther Species Attracted to Marine LitterProcess of AccumulationInteractions with Biological Materials and CellsSources of NanoplasticBehavior-Changing MeasuresGranular ParticlesAloha—The Marine Debris ConferencesFate of NanoplasticHuman HealthIdentification of MicroplasticsSources, Detection and Occurrence of NanoplasticCleaning ProductsTaxonomic OverviewFishPreparation of Easy and Straight-Forward ProtocolsIII MicroplasticsMicroplastics in the Indian Ocean and Marginal SeasGeneral Mechanisms of InstrumentsInstruments of Marine Litter at International, Regional and National LevelsBeachesFood Web TransportData Collection and Quality Control of Citizen-Science StudiesComparisons with Other Environmental MediaBioaccumulationPackaging Producer Responsibility in the EUOccurrence of Microand Nanoplastics in the EnvironmentPlastic Marine Debris: A Complex Mixture of ChemicalsRaman SpectroscopyLeaching of Toxic Chemicals from PlasticsChoosing Economic InstrumentsWater SamplesFPA-based Micro-FTIR SpectroscopyBioaccumulation and EffectsPlastic Debris as a Source of Environmental ContaminantsBenthic InvertebratesBuoyancy and Sampling ErrorsIV Socio-economic Implications of Marine Anthropogenic LitterThe Complex Mixture, Fate and Toxicity of Chemicals Associated with Plastic Debris in the Marine EnvironmentModelling the Distribution of MicroplasticsTemporal ScaleIntentional IngestionDefining Sources and Pathways of MicroplasticMicroplasticsImplications of Chemicals and Nanofillers Associated with NanoplasticsShifting Focus to the North Pacific OceanIn Situ Supervision by ProfessionalsFloating Marine DebrisSpatial VariabilityMicroand Nano-plastics and Human HealthAgricultureDirect Mortality Caused by Plastic IngestionRegulation and Management of Marine LitterNanoplastics in the Aquatic Environment. Critical ReviewFloating Litter as a HabitatCharges for Port Reception FacilitiesResearch TopicMarine MammalsChemical Effects from Plastic IngestionRecommendationsDensity Separation with Subsequent C:H:N AnalysisIndirect Physical Effects of Plastic IngestionWays of Plastic IngestionWhat Kinds of Plastics Are in Use?Trophic TransferBiological Traits of Rafting Invertebrates on Floating LitterSediment SamplingToxicity of Plastic Debris to Marine LifeA Brief History of Marine Litter ResearchDistributionPersistence of Plastic Litter in the OceansNovel Polymer FormulationsPlastic Debris, Environmental Chemical Contaminants and Environmental FateSea BirdsModeling the Role of Microplastics in Bioaccumulation of Organic Chemicals to Marine Aquatic Organisms. A Critical ReviewRemoving MeasuresDecomposition and DisintegrationValidation of Data and SamplesShipping and YachtingBeachesAssessing the Risks that Microand Nanoplastics Pose to Human HealthReproductive TraitsNanopolymers and NanofillersFate of Plastics Entering the OceansPhoto-Oxidative DegradationIngestionMicroand NanoplasticsPlanktonic InvertebratesDiscussionSeabirds and Seals—The First Signs of TroubleTypes of Management Measures to Combat Marine LitterSummarizing Discussion and RecommendationsMaterials and MethodsBeach Cleaning, Tourism and RecreationComposition of Rafting Assemblages on Floating LitterExtraction of MicroplasticsAnticipated Future Trends
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