The Politics of Technology in Latin America (Volume 2): Digital Media, Daily Life and Public Engagem

IntroductionThe structure of the bookDigital media and daily life in Latin AmericaInformation technologies and civic engagementJournalism and media integrity in the age of post-truthFinal remarksReferencesI: Digital media and daily life in Latin AmericaDrone ethics and legal regulation, comparative drone law in Latin American countriesIntroductionDrones: History, aerial viewing, and revenueAviation lawComparative lawLatin American drone legislationArgentinaBoliviaBrazilChileColombiaCosta RicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEl SalvadorGuatemalaHondurasMexicoNicaraguaPanamaParaguayPeruPuerto RicoUruguayVenezuelaFinal considerationsReferencesNet-narcoculture. Discursive trends on femicide violence and youth culture in the consumption of the narcorap aesthetics versus feminist rap resistancesIntroduction to the net-narcoculture: Territory and web territoryNarcocorrido and narcorap, gender violence and resistancesNet-narcoculture background: Gore Capitalism, narcomarketing, and social mediaUnderstanding the net-narcoculture: Methodology to analyze image and discourseUnraveling the net: Narcorap’s narratives and the feminist rap responseFinal thoughts, different views, and assimilation of net-narcocultureNotesReferencesCOVID-confinement-related mental disorders: Morbidity and the remedial use of ICT in Hispanic societiesIntroductionContextClinical repercussions of social isolation within CO VID-19 confinementThe pernicious effects of physical social isolation and perceived loneliness in health in regular contextsCultural sensitivity to social distance and relative tolerance to COVID-19 confinementThe remedial role of ICT of social distance in COVID-19 confinement and related psychological disordersConcluding remarksReferencesSpeaking for communities and against oppression: Digital media responses to COVID-19 within marginalized communities of Brazil and MexicoIntroduction: The Coronavirus versus digital community activismCOVID-19 and the Fourth World: Background from Brazil and MexicoTheoretical Issue 1: Alternative media as a community tool and advocacy resourceTheoretical Issue 2: Public health communicationIntroduction to case studiesBrazil Case Study Type 1: CMS/CAPS Faeehook outreachBrazil Case Type 2: Alternative digital journalismMidiaNINJAAlma Preta JornalismoCase studies from Mexico: Radio Zapatista and Radio PozolSpeaking with: Providing tools for marginalized groups to capture and share their own perspectivesSpeaking for: Providing a powerful advocacy tool for marginalized communitiesConclusion: Speaking with and for the Fourth WorldReferencesII: Information technologies and civil engagementSocial media as an instrument of activism for feminist university students in Mexico: The cases of MOFFyL and Uni UnidaIntroductionFeminist digital activism in the 21st centuryFemicides and feminist activism in Mexico City and Ciudad Juarez at the turn of the centuryDevelopment of MOFFyL and Uni UnidaUni Unida and MOFFyL on social media and the evolution of their digital activismConclusionReferencesLatin American Indigenous media productions: Digital artifacts of contestationIntroductionIndigeneity in visual artsTaxonomy of themes in Indigenous cinemaTaxonomy of entries in digital spacesIndigenous cinema and purposeful digital interactionConclusionReferencesDigital media in citizen participation and collective action for spatial justiceIntroductionManizalesMethodologyPerceptions from the fieldRelations of governmental initiatives and the everyday of collective actionDigital media in collective actionConnecting and visualizing citizen initiativesReaching out to promissory alliesAdding a layer in the search for legitimacy“Knocking down technology from its pedestal”Concluding remarksNotesReferencesSocial media and political polarization in Latin America: Analyzing Online Discussions during the 2018 Presidential Campaign in ColombiaIntroductionFilter bubbles and online polarization: The agency of usersFilter bubbles, echo chambers, and online polarizationThe agency of users and the critique of technological determinismThe Colombian political context and the role of social media in the 2018 campaignPolitical polarization since the plebisciteThe role of social media in Colombian politicsResearching user practices in online communicationsWhatsApp groups: Closed communication spaces as echo chambersInformation selection beyond algorithmic curationExercise 1—magazineExercise 2—neutral articlesExercise 3—non-neutral articlesDiscussion and conclusionsNoteReferencesIII: Journalism and media integrity in the age of post-truthDigital native media in Central America: Reshaping the online news sphereNatives re-colonizing Central AmericaCentral American landscape of digital native mediaConclusion: Toward a new media sphere in Central AmericaReferencesDisinformation and news consumption in a polarized society: An analysis of the case of VenezuelaIntroduction and theoretical frameworkMedia in Venezuela: A review of recent historyMethodologyAnalysis of information sourcesTypes of disinformation, agents that cause it, and ways to combat itConcerns about disinformationDiscussion and conclusionsNoteReferencesSocial media in a post-truth age: Discursive roles of fake news about Marielle FrancoIntroductionDigital public sphere and polarization in Brazil: The rise of an information schizophreniaA discursive approachThe circulation of Marielle Franco’s death between social and traditional mediaConclusionReferencesCollaborative journalism versus disinformation: An approach to fact-checking projects in Mexico, Argentina, Colombia, Brazil, and SpainIntroductionThe landscape of disinformationThe rise of “fact-checking”MethodologyResultsTransparency and accountabilityOrganizationFundingMethodologyEthical commitmentTransparency of staffCommunication of resultsStructureFormat and type of contentInteraction with readers and media tiesDiscussionConclusion and proposalsReferencesConclusions: Daily life, public engagement and the prospective impacts of digital mediaLiving in hyper-mediated societiesDigital media and daily life in Latin AmericaCivic engagement in the digital ageJournalism and media integrity in age of post-truthFinal remarksReferences
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