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Home arrow Environment arrow Reflections on the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident

Conclusion

The focal point of systems safety has shifted from technologies to human errors, socio-technical interactions, and now resilience as the scale and complexity of socio-technical systems have increased. Prevention of disasters is the main goal of the conventional approach to risk management, and it is achieved in terms of the design basis that is determined based on certain assumptions. If the reality exceeds these assumptions, losses will occur. Having experienced several disasters, however, like the terrorist attack on WTC and the Great East Japan Earthquake, people have recognized that society has to be ready also for unanticipated situations. Resilience, which is the ability of a socio-technical system to absorb effects of disturbances, maintain its normal function, and recover from damage, is a new frontier in systems safety proposed for answering this issue.

 
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