Sustainable Living with Environmental Risks

Sustainable Living with Environmental RisksManaging Environmental Risks and Promoting Sustainability, Scientific Advancement, and Leadership DevelopmentIntroduction: Environmental Risks and Their Implications for Future SustainabilityEnvironmental Risks, Their Characteristics, and Sustainability ImplicationsDeveloping Expertise and Skills for Future Environmental LeadersLeadership Programme in Sustainable Living with Environmental RiskInteractive Multimedia Education System (iMES) (Arisawa and Sato in This Book)Intensive CourseMadagascar Joint Field StudyCredit Exchange Agreement with UNUOther Elective Courses and Supporting ProgramsAchievements and Future ChallengesCurriculum DevelopmentInstitutional Set-upInstitutionalizing Collaborative Educational ActivitiesiMESJoint ResearchI Sustainable Primary Production for Human Well-BeingBiodiversity Agriculture Supports Human PopulationsIntroductionGreen Revolution and Organic FarmingBiodiversity, Ecological Functioning, and Ecosystem ServicesSoil SustainabilitySoil Biodiversity and Its FunctioningConclusionConservation and Sustainable Management of Soil Biodiversity for Agricultural ProductivityIntroductionSoil Biodiversity and Its Importance to AgricultureLoss of Soil BiodiversityManagement and Conservation of Soil Biodiversity: A Case Study in KenyaConclusionConservation Tillage Assessment for Mitigating Greenhouse Gas Emission in Rainfed Agro-EcosystemsIntroductionSoil, Carbon Dioxide Emission, and Conservation TillageReducing Carbon Dioxide EmissionCarbon Dioxide Emission at the Long-Term PlotCumulative CO2 Emission at the Long-Term PlotCarbon Dioxide Emission Assessment in Farmers' FieldsEnhancing Carbon SequestrationSoil Carbon StorageCarbon Sequestration of Corn CropsConclusions and Policy ImplicationImproving Biodiversity in Rice Paddy Fields to Promote Land SustainabilityIntroductionIndonesian Experiences: Effects on Soil and Water Biodiversity of Shifting from Conventional to Organic Farming in Paddy FieldsEffects on Water Organisms in Paddy FieldsEffects on Soil Microorganisms in Paddy FieldsStrategies to Improve Biodiversity in Rice Paddy FieldsApplication of Organic Matter and BiofertilizersCrop RotationConclusionsAgroforestry Models for Promoting Effective Risk Management and Building Sustainable CommunitiesIntroductionAgroforestry Adoption, Innovations, and Smallholder Farmers' Motivations in Claveria, Misamis OrientalDescription of the Study SiteParticipatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and Household SurveyDrivers of Land Degradation in ClaveriaIntroduction and Adoption of Tree-Based Systems in ClaveriaInnovative Agroforestry Practices in ClaveriaFarmers' Motivations for Planting TreesTree Growth, Crop Productivity, and WaterWater Dynamics in Agroforestry SystemsGrowth Performance of Trees and MaizeEnhancing the Food Security of Upland Farming Households Through Agroforestry in Claveria, Misamis Oriental, PhilippinesAgroforestry and Improved Access to FoodIncreasing Food Access Through Augmentation of IncomePredicting the Long-Term Productivity, Economic Feasibility, and Sustainability of the Smallholder Hedgerow Agroforestry System UsingBioeconomic Modeling Using WaNuLCASWater BalanceSoil LossCrop Yield and BiomassPrivate Benefits of the Two Land Use SystemsConclusionManaging Environmental Risks and Promoting Sustainability: Conservation of Forest Resources in MadagascarIntroductionTheoretical ExplanationCase StudyContextPoor Governance and Inequality in Income DistributionMore Income, Less LoggingKey Issues and RecommendationsCommunity-Based Mangrove Forest Management in Thailand: Key Lesson Learned for Environmental Risk ManagementCBNRM and Sustainability: Theoretical BackgroundPred Nai Community-Based Mangrove Forest ManagementDiscussionConclusionII Ecosystems, Food Security, and DisasterNecessity of Adaptive Risk Management for Fisheries and WildlifeIs It Really Good for Fisheries to Reduce the Fish Population by Half?Comparison Between Conventional Management Methods and Adaptive Management Considering UncertaintyDo Not Make a Single Prediction (Japanese Deer Protection Management Plan)Investigation for Only One Year Is Not EnoughExplanation of FormulaeConclusionValuation of Non-Marketed Agricultural Ecosystem Services, and Food Security in Southeast AsiaFood Security Issues in Southeast AsiaNeed for Valuing Non-Marketed Ecosystem ServicesIssues of Valuation and Payment for Non-Marketed Ecosystem ServicesRevealed Preferences (Conventional and Surrogate Markets)Stated Preferences (Hypothetical Preferences)ConclusionEmerging Socio-Economic and Environmental Issues Affecting Food Security: A Case Study of Silang-Santa Rosa SubwatershedConceptual FrameworkStudy SiteResults and DiscussionSocio-Demographic CharacteristicsLabor ResourcesHousehold Financial StatusLand-Based Productive ResourcesEmerging IssuesConclusionStrengthening the Capacity of Flood-Affected Rural Communities in Padang Terap, State of Kedah, MalaysiaIntroductionTheoretical FrameworkCase StudyStudy AreaNeeds AnalysisCapacity Building ActivitiesFuture Research and RecommendationsMitigating Coastal Erosion in Fort Dauphin, MadagascarIntroductionClimateGeologyMethodologyData ProcessingResults and DiscussionImpacts and Causes of Coastal ErosionSolutionsMarine ErosionSubaerial ErosionWind ErosionConclusionIII Degradation of Environment and MitigationRisk Management of Chemical Pollution: Principles from the Japanese ExperienceIntroductionHow Pollution Loads Were ReducedAir Pollution in Yokkaichi Petrochemical ComplexPreventing Water Pollution in the Pulp and Paper IndustryEnvironmental Standards for Toxic Chemical SubstancesCase of Administrative Guidance Relating to Toxic ChemicalsConclusion: Lessons from the Japanese ExperienceResearch on the Correlation Between Chlorophyll-a and Organic Matter BOD, COD, Phosphorus, and Total Nitrogen in Stagnant Lake BasinsIntroductionSubjects of StudyChlorophyllBOD: Biochemical Oxygen DemandCOD: Chemical Oxygen DemandPhosphorusNitrogenResearch MethodologyDetermination of ChlorophyllDetermination of BOD5Determination of CODDetermination of PhosphateResultsCorrelation Between Chl-a and CODCorrelation Between Chl-a and BODCorrelation Between Chl-a and Phosphate and Total NitrogenConclusionResearch OrientationManaging Construction Development Risks to the EnvironmentIntroductionEnvironmental Risks of ConstructionRisk of Land DegradationRisk to Flora and FaunaRisk of Water PollutionRisk of Air PollutionRisk from Noise and VibrationHow to Determine RisksHow to Manage Construction RisksCase StudiesCase Study 1 Project: Construction of High-Rise Apartment Buildings at Bukit Gambier, PenangCase Study 2 Project: Construction of High-Rise Housing at Bayan Lepas, PenangCase Study 3 Project: Development of Marina and Jetty Infrastructure at Church Street Pier, Pengkalan Weld, PenangCase Study 4 Project: Demolition of Part of an Existing Building Structure and Renovation of a Hotel in Batu Ferringhi, PenangCase Study 5 SurveyResearch on Risks Related to ConstructionConclusionEcosystem Restoration Using the Near-Natural Method in ShanghaiIntroductionTheoretical Basis for Near-Natural RestorationThe Near-Natural Method of AfforestationThe Near-Natural Method of River ConstructionNear-Natural Forest CreationMonitoring: Stand Dynamics and Eco-BenefitsMonitoring ResultsAssessment of Near-Natural Forest Experiment and Proposal for ImprovementNear-Natural River ConstructionMonitoring: Water Quality and BiocoenosisMonitoring ResultsAssessment of Near-Natural River ConstructionConcluding RemarksSustainable Management of Urban Green Environments: Challenges and OpportunitiesIntroductionChallenges in Achieving Sustainable Green Urban EnvironmentsWaste ManagementAir PollutionInfrastructureOpportunities for Sustainable Green Urban AreasCarbon AssimilationDisaster Prevention and ReductionBeautificationNutrition (Fruits)Case Study: Opportunities in Urban EnvironmentsRestoration of an Urban Green EnvironmentSeedling PerformanceConclusionIV Policy, Institutuinal and Capacity Development, Education and IME SystemParticipatory Sustainability Research for Risk Management and Leadership DevelopmentIntroduction: Environment and Social Capacity Assessment for Effective Environmental Risk and Sustainable Resource ManagementGenesis and Evolution of Participatory Sustainability ScienceAchievements and Challenges in Applying Participatory Sustainability Research: Field Study in MadagascarLessons Learned and Ways Forward to ImproveRural Landscape Conservation in Japan: Lessons from the Satoyama Conservation Program in Kanagawa PrefectureCrisis of Satoyama Landscapes in JapanCitizens' Actions for Satoyama ConservationGovernmental Policies for Satoyama ConservationSatoyama Conservation in Kanagawa PrefectureThe Way ForwardConcluding RemarksEnhancing Students' Ecological Thinking to Improve Understanding of Environmental RiskIntroductionEcological ThinkingCase StudyConclusionDevelopment of Interactive Multimedia Education System (IMES) as an International Education PlatformIntroductionKey Technical Elements of IMESBasic Video TransmissionPresentation Material Sharing SystemScreen/Pointer Action Sharing SystemOffline Features Including Recording and EditingConclusion and Topics for Future Discussion
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