Routledge Handbook of Social and Cultural Theory: 2nd Edition

I: Contemporary Social TheoryThe Trajectories of Social and Cultural TheoryHuman agency, social structure and cultural formsThe horizons of social theory: self, society and solidarityThe circuits of cultural theory: codes, close reading and cultural studiesThe Routledge Handbook of Social and Cultural TheoryNotesReferencesCritical Theory of the Frankfurt SchoolHistorical and intellectual developmentMajor claims of the field and its key contributorsHorkheimer: reason and enlightenmentAdorno: aesthetics and the culture industryMarcuse: one-dimensional man and the unconsciousHabermas: reason, truth and discoursePrincipal contributions to the topicAutonomyConflictKnowledgeMain criticismsCultural dopes and the role of creativityElitism in Adorno's culture of industry thesisThe intractability of Habermas's discourse ethicsWhy the area is still important and the future of critical theoryConclusionNotesReferencesStructuralism and Post-StructuralismIntroductionThe historical and intellectual development of structuralismMajor claims and developments of structuralism and post-structuralismThe contributions of structuralismsMain criticisms of structuralism and post-structuralismLasting importance and future developments of structuralism and post-structuralismNoteReferencesStructuration Theories: Giddens and BourdieuHistorical and intellectual developmentKey contributors and criticismsThe social theory of Anthony CiddensGiddens's theory of structurationModernity reappraised: structuration in actionPolitics, the Third Way and the digital revolutionCriticisms of Giddens's theory of structurationPierre Bourdieu: habitus and practical social lifeCultural capital and symbolic violenceCriticism of BourdieuFuture developmentsReferencesFeminist and Post-Feminist TheoriesHistorical contextKey contributions and criticismsLiberal psychology and the advocacy of 'androgyny'Radical feminist perspectives on sex and genderMarxist-socialist feminismPsychoanalytic feminist theories of the construction of gendered subjectivityIntersectional, postcolonial and global feminismsPost-structural and postmodern feminist theoryFuture directionsReferencesZygmunt Bauman and Social TheoryIntroductionHistorical and intellectual developmentMajor claimsPrincipal contributionsMain criticismsImportance and future developmentReferencesIdeology and Social and Cultural TheoryIntroduction and historical overviewMajor developments and contributorsKarl Marx (and Friedrich Engels)The Frankfurt SchoolErich Fromm and the satisfactions of ideologyTheodor Adorno and the eclipse of the individualJürgen Habermas and ideology as systematically distorted communicationLouis Althusser and ideology as interpellation and misrecognitionSlavoj Zizek, enjoyment and depoliticizationFuture directionsReferencesPsychoanalytic Social TheoryHistorical and intellectual developmentFreud, psychoanalysis and the repressed unconsciousPsychoanalysis after FreudKey contributors and criticismsThe Frankfurt School: domination after FreudErich FrommHerbert MarcuseJacques LacanLouis AlthusserFeminism and psychoanalysis]ulia KristevaPsychoanalysis and postmodern theoryFuture developmentsCornelius Castoriadis: radical and social imaginarieslean Laplanche: enigmatic significationsConclusionReferencesSocial Theories of RiskIntroduction: a brief historical overview of risk theorizingRisk and uncertainty: some central themes and thinkersMary Douglas and a cultural theory of riskCritiques of cultural approaches to riskUlrich Beck and the risk society thesisCritiques of the risk society approachMichel Foucault, knowledge and governmentalityCritiques of the governmentality approachMoving from risk towards a range of rationalitiesContrasting risk logics and prioritiesRisk as one strategy amongst manyThe significance of sociological analyses of risk: future possibilitiesNotesReferencesNetWorksEnmeshed in networksHistorical development of the networkAnatomiesSocietiesMobilitiesMetaphors of power, elements and movementMajor claims and developmentsCapillary powerActor network theoryNetwork capitalTheorizing power, elements and movementPrincipal contributionsPowersElementsMovementsNetwork thinkingCritical issuesTechnicalityDilutionConclusion: network futuresReferencesGlobalization TheoryHistorical and intellectual developmentMain claims and key contributorsMain criticismsAnticipated future developmentsConclusionReferencesII: Contemporary Cultural TheoryCultural and Social Things: Is there a Difference?British Cultural TheoryHistorical and intellectual developmentMatthew Arnold and the origins of British cultural studiesBritish cultural studies after Arnold: Richard Hoggart and Raymond WilliamsKey contributors and criticismsE. P. Thompson: culture as agency and radical historyBirmingham Centre for Contemporary Cultural StudiesStuart HallPaul Gilroy and the postcolonialCulture as policy and citizenship: Tony BennettFuture developmentsConclusionBibliographyAmerican Cultural TheoryIntroductionThe emergence of 'cultural theory' in AmericaMajor claims and developments of American cultural theoryContributions of American cultural studiesMain criticisms of American cultural studiesLasting importance and future developments of American cultural studiesNoteReferencesQueer TheoryDefinitional beginningsHistorical and intellectual development of queer theoryThe contribution of gay and lesbian and identity studies to queer theory(Making) queer theoryPrincipal contributions: theory and politicsThe perspective of society: queer theory, postrriodernity and late capitalismEssential criticisms and debates, contested conceptsQueer theory and the building of communitiesThe connection of queer theory to social change in the 1960sQueer theory as academic movement and subjectFurther developments and the growth of queer theoryFrom collective identity politics to abstract individualismThe further connection of queer theory to postmodern and post-structural analysesThe possibility of future developments: reconsidering Marx and political economyOf paradoxes, theory and politics, or the future of the discussionConclusions: queer theory, social movements and everyday life: continuing debates and criticismsNoteReferencesThe New Mobilities Paradigm and Social TheoryMobilities: a new way of studying the worldWhat are mobilities?The mobilities turnThe new mobilities paradigmA mobile ontologyComplex mobility systemsMobile methodsMobility politics and mobility justiceCriticisms of the mobilities paradigmCase study: sovereign mobilitiesConclusion: where to next for the new mobilities paradigm?ReferencesRace/ethnicity and Social and Cultural TheoryIntroduction: historical and intellectual developmentKey contributors and criticismsRace, racism, enlightenment and modernityW. E. B. Du Bois and Frantz Fa nonBritish contributions to the study of race and racism: race relations, Stuart Hall, CCCS and Paul GilroyCultural racism and whitenessThe ethnic revival and theorizing ethnicityFuture developmentsConclusionReferencesMedia and Cultural IdentityHistorical and intellectual developmentMajor claims and development: Benjamin, Brecht and AdornoHabermas and WilliamsMain criticismsFuture developments: democracy, media and civic cultureReferencesThe Place of Space in Social and Cultural TheoryIntroductionHistorical and intellectual developmentThe concept of space in classical sociologyLefebvre's contributions: outline of a general theory of social spaceThe humanity of social spaceThe sociality of social spaceThe constructability of social spaceThe economy of social spaceThe ideology of social spaceThe relationality of social spaceThe structurally of social spaceThe visibility of social spaceThe rationality of social spaceThe universality of social spaceThe historicity of social spaceThe complexity of social spaceThe polycentricity of social spaceThe interpenetrability of social spaceThe separability of social spaceThe commodifiability of social spaceThe controllability of social spaceThe usability of social spaceThe contestability of social spaceThe transformability of social spaceMain criticisms and limitationsRecent and possible future developmentsConclusionAcknowledgementNoteReferencesPosthumanismIntellectual development and key contributorsKey criticisms and future developmentsConclusionReferences
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