Expressive Morphology in the Languages of South Asia

IconictyComplexityEloquenceContext of useIdcophonesReduplicationsEcho morphologyOnomatopoeiaConclusionNotesReferencesI: South Asia in comparative perspectiveExpressives as a semantically complex category in South Asian languagesIntroductionThe structure of expressivesGrammaticalitySemantics of expressive morphologyComplex semantic categoriesFive senses of perception (panchendriya)As ‘manner’ of an actionLanguages of the Himalayan regionTangkhul Naga (Tibeto-Burman)Khasi (Austroasiatic, Mon Khmer)Tai-Khamti (Tai-Kadai)Syntactic characteristicsThe social aspectConclusionAbbreviationsAppendix 2.1 Expressives in Himalayan languages (Panchendriya) Sense of Sound: Acoustic NoisesAppendix 2.2 Expressives in BanglaAppendix 2.3 Expressive of ‘manner of walking’ in Khasi and Tangkhul NagaNotesReferencesII: Expressives in the Indo-Aryan sphereExpressives in HindiTotal reduplicationReduplication at the limits of grammar as well as of iconicityColour/taste adjectives: high degree, low degree or intimate statements over a given content?Partial reduplication or “echo formation”: alteration of the form affecting the notion itselfThe v- echo formationDerogatory undertoneFrom mild scepticism to the playful use of the deviceOther alternationsConclusionNotesReferencesNepali expressive morphologyIntroductionDocumenting the Nepali languageExpressives vs. onomatopoeiaExpressives ending in a geminate velar plosive sequenceExpressives ending in a geminate retroflex plosive sequenceExpressives ending in a geminate dental plosive sequenceExpressives ending in a geminate palatal affricate sequenceExpressives ending in a geminate bilabial plosive sequenceExpressives ending in a geminate liquid or rhotic sequenceExpressives ending in a geminate sibilant sequenceExpressives ending in a geminate dental nasal sequenceExpressives ending in a geminate velar nasal sequenceExpressives ending in a geminate bilabial nasal sequenceReduplicated and rhyming expressivesMonosyllabic expressivesConcluding observationsList of abbreviationsAppendix — Journalism on the Nepali spelling controversyNotesReferencesIII: Expressives in the Dravidian familyMorphosyntax of expressives in MalayalamIntroductionMorphosyntax of expressivesExpressive and aspectExpressive pronounsAdjectival expressiveSound, colour, tactile sense, quality, time, quantity’, and number are depicted by the adjectival expressiveVerbal expressivesImperativeIndicativeOptativeHortativeInterrogativeAdverbial expressiveExpressive interjectionsIn addition to the previously discussed morphosyntactic functions, expressives have many functions in MalayalamKinship expressivesExpressives in proverbsLoan reduplicationSummaryAbbreviationsAppendix 5.1 Expressives in MalayalamReferencesExpressive morphology: A study of iraṭṭaikkiḷavi in TamilNotesReferencesIV: Expressive morphology in Tibeto-BurmanReduplication in Lamkang: Form, function, feelingGeneral introductionAbout LamkangNominal modificationNominalized phrasesDuplicated verbsDuplicated post-verb adverbialsClausal scopeOnomatopoeic wordsPhonological patterns of reduplicated formsConclusionsNotesReferencesThe functional value of formal exuberance: Isomorphism and expressive intensification in Adi and MilangIsomorphism: principles and challengesAdi and MilangExpressive intensifiers in Adi and MilangPreliminaries, I: clause types in Adi and MilangPreliminaries, II: expressive semi-reduplication in Adi and MilangPreliminaries, III: Ideophones in Adi and MilangOverview of expressive intensifiers in Adi and MilangBasic distribution and core function of expressive intensifiers in Adi and MilangSubtypes of expressive intensifier in Adi and MilangSemantics of expressive intensifiers in Adi and MilangFunctions of expressive intensifiers in Adi and MilangAlternatives to expressive intensifiers in Adi and MilangAdi and Milang expressive intensifiers and isomorphismNotesReferencesV: The Tai presence in South AsiaA study of the poetics of Tai AhomBackground - the Tai Ahom languageTai manuscriptsThe poetics of Tai Ahom manuscripts - case study 1: Ming Mvng Lung PhaiPositional parallelismWaist rhymesParallelism within the linePoetic examples from other textsNotesReferencesVI The Munda worldExpressives in the Munda languagesIntroductionExpressive formations in the Munda languagesFormal subtypes of expressive formation in Munda languagesExpressive forms with total or partial reduplication in Munda languagesOnset overwrite patternsVowel overwrite patternsOnset + vowel overwrite patternsMedial consonant overwrite in Munda expressive reduplicationComplex patternsCan any expressive forms he reconstructed?Word families and phonesthematic templatesBack formation in expressive formsFunctions of expressives in Munda languagesThe syntax and morphology of expressives in Munda languagesSummaryNotesReferences
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