The Routledge Handbook of Economic Theology

Economic theology as an academic fieldTheology, the strangerWhat is economic theology – a definitionA new god?Economic theology: polemic or method?House and home – concepts and practicesEconomic theology – a user’s guideFurther sources for students of economic theologyNoteReferencesI Theological concepts and their economic meaningProvidenceA brief history of providence in Scripture and traditionProvidence and the “invisible hand”A capitalist theology of providence?ConclusionsReferencesEschatology and eschatonIntroductionEconomic eschatology without eschatonEconomic principles of eschatologyEconomic eschatology in the Old Testament: the bright futureEconomic eschatology in the Old Testament: doomed end-timesConclusionsReferencesConfessionIntroductionConfession from antiquity to modernityThe production of economic subjectivity“I am living on my own credit” – Nietzsche, confession and SchuldTo bear witness against oneself – Foucault on the confessionConcluding remarks: balancing between moderation and desireReferencesPurgatoryIntroductionThe genealogy of purgatoryThe reincarnation of purgatory in capitalism and welfareConclusionReferencesFaith and trustJustification and salvationIntroductionUncovering the theological: beyond moralism in economics and ethicsJustification and salvation in economics: three gospelsThe economy of salvationReferencesGuiltstructureThe etymology of guiltMoneyGiftFirst World War, war reparations and giftSinConclusionsReferencesII Economic concepts and their theological anchoringProfit and interestIntroductionJudaismChristianityIslamConclusionsReferencesMoneyDebt and creditIntroductionGenealogies of debt and creditDynamics of debt and creditTheology of debt and creditReferencesFree choice and consumer sovereigntyIntroductionForming the “spirit” of consumer choiceThe market: neoliberalism’s corpus mysticumConclusionsReferencesProperty and ownershipIntroductionEconomic theology as genealogy: theological conceptions of property in the history of Western thoughtDivine ownership and limits on the prerogatives of human possessionChristian ambivalence: a theological synthesisEconomic theology as a critical lens: modern cultureThe modern separation of Christianity’s suspicion of and appreciation for propertyEconomic theology as critical lens: economic theoryEconomic theology as critique: aftereffects of uncoupling rights from dutiesCulture and popular practice: the danger of idolatrous owningEconomic theory as impeding normative reflection on the political economy of propertyReferencesProsperity and wealthChristianity, prosperity, and capitalismContext and scope of the Prosperity GospelProsperity theologyEconomics of the Prosperity GospelAn African case studyBroader considerationsReferencesPovertyIntroductionThe invention of “the poor”The dialectic of poverty in the BibleThe theological affirmation of the poorThe poor as objects of mercyThe poor as spiritual exemplarsThe poor as the locus of God’s saving activityConclusionReferencesCorporationsIntroductionEconomics and lawIdolatryOntologiesAttributesPurposesTranslationThe natural and the artificialReferencesGovernmentThe semantics of governmentFoucault and governmentAgamben, oikonomia and governmentBeyond oikonomiaOrder and providenceReferencesMarkets and marketizationIntroductionWhat is a market?The market as godThe limitations of the “god metaphor”“The” market: a theological innovationConclusionsReferencesIII Society, management and organizationTimeIntroductionTime as source of ontology, epistemology, and agencyClock-time: God’s timeTime in economicsReaching for immanenceImmanent theology: the logos made fleshFuture researchReferencesCalling, profession, and workIntroductionCalling as meaningful workProfession as meaningful workAn economic theology of workReferencesOrganization and managementIntroductionContemporary OMT has been underpinned by a Protestant theologyTheological underpinnings of OMT have long been secularized and rendered invisibleTheology as key for escaping OMT’s materialistic–individualistic iron cageReferencesThe entrepreneurThe entrepreneur in economic and theological literatureA theology of entrepreneurship and innovationTrinity – incarnation – imago deiLiberty – community – subsidiarityCreativity – charity/generosity – judgementReferencesMedia and mediation of cultureIntroductionYoung AmeriTowne: a case studyReligionMediation and symbolsDescription of Young AmeriTowneAnalysis of Young AmeriTowneConclusionReferencesBranding and marketingIntroductionSacred brandsBrands of religionReferencesHedonism and asceticismTraditional Western attitudes to asceticism and hedonismWeber and asceticismEconomics and hedonismTraditional and modern hedonismFrom producers to consumersAsceticism and hedonism in contemporary societyReferencesLeadershipHeroes and hierarchyCaring leadershipContemplative attentionConcluding remarksReferencesIntellectual propertyIntroductionReligious perspectives on intellectual propertyChristianityJudaismIslamBuddhismThe religion of intellectual propertyReferencesAccounting and accountabilityAccountability and theologyAccountability in practiceConclusionReferencesIV Genealogy of economic theologyJewish economic theologyIntroductionOwnership and dominionThe biblical roots of private propertyWealthConclusionReferencesOikonomiaIntroductionPre-Christian history of oikonomiaEarly beginningsSecond- and third-century consolidationFourth- and fifth-century Orthodox acclamationOikonomia in contemporary Christian theologyCritical engagementsReferencesThe economic theology of late antiquityIntroductionAlmsgiving and the poorGod as economistDivine oikonomiaRansom theoryConclusionsReferencesThe economic theology of the High Middle AgesIntroductionThe structure of medieval economyJust priceMoney and usuryPropertyConclusionsReferencesMartin Luther as economistIntroductionLuther’s teachings on the economyContinuities and discontinuities in Luther’s thinking with medieval–Catholic thoughtContext and conclusionReferencesThe southern spirit of capitalismIntroduction: the many spirits of the marketCapitalism and CatholicismEconomics of the Counter-ReformationVoluntarism and naturalism: one more difference between north and southReferencesInvisible handIntroductionGeneral discussionAdam Smith’s theoryA providentialist economicsThe god of the invisible handNatural versus revealed religionStoic theology: from irregular to regular eventsTheodicyTeleologyConcluding remarksReferencesAdam Smith’s economics of the churchIntroductionSmith on theology, religion and human natureSmith and the contemporary economics of religionEconomic discussion of the Church in early modern BritainSmith’s economic analysis of religionLiterature on Smith’s economics of the ChurchConclusionsReferencesThe economic theology of QuakerismIntroducing QuakerismUndivided belief and actions in life and businessQuaker impact on business and managementDividing business and lifeConclusions and futuresNoteReferencesNeoclassical economics as theologyIntroductionReligious blessings as delivered by economicsDoing “economic theology”Environmentalism: an anti-progressive gospelThe religion of TrumpismA crisis of economic religionReferencesMarxist economics and theologyJohn Maynard Keynes as theologianIntroductionA broad definition of religionKeynes’ religion in the first senseKeynes’ religion in the second senseKeynesian uncertainty?ConclusionReferencesThe crypto-theology of Friedrich HayekIntroductionReligion as a catalyst for civilizationCatallaxy as spontaneous order in civilized communitiesAgamben’s alternative semantic history of “economy”New avenues for neoliberalism studiesReferencesV ExitIntellectual brokerage in economic theology: Methodological and theoretical reflections from Islamic banking and financeIntroductionCritical realism, social science methodology, and economic theologyWhat is Islamic banking and finance?Intellectual brokerage within Islamic investment banksConclusion: decentring and reconceptualizing economic theologyNotesReferences
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