Routledge Handbook of Migration and Development

Of numbers and terminologiesThe migration and development ‘nexus’Migration and development: a child of their timeBeyond poverty and inequalityIntegration or fragmentationReferencesI Conceptual perspectives and approachesPARADOXES OF MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENTIntroductionDevelopment as a migration driverPractical implicationsThe rationality of migrationThe aspirations and capabilities modelRedefining human mobilityMigration and development: a reciprocal, but asymmetric relationshipConclusionReferencesMIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT: Theorising changing conditions and ongoing silencesThe transnational framework for the study of migrationVision failure among the nexologistsThe changing conjuncture and the dispossessedReferencesMIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT: Theoretical legacies and analytical agendas in the age of rising powersIntroductionDominant binaries in migration and development thinkingBeyond the binary in migration and development thinking - versions of the middleBeyond the middle - pluralist positionsTheoretical and empirical agenda for future researchAcknowledgementsReferencesTHE INTERFACE BETWEEN INTERNAL AND INTERNATIONAL MIGRATIONIntroductionSimilaritiesDriversNetworksDifferencesImmigration regimes and bordersMigrant selectivityIntertwining internal and international migrationConclusionsNotesReferencesBORDER WORK: Frames, barriers, and disingenuous developmentFraming the action: borders of territory' and populationBorders as barriers‘Disingenuous development’ and the humanitarian borderConclusion: building bigger barriers damages developmentNoteReferencesUNDOCUMENTED MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENTIntroductionDefining undocumented migrationThe problem of undocumented migrationLinking undocumented migration and developmentWhat is the role of documentation?How is documentation used in border crossing?What is the value of movement for people’s lives and livelihoods?Weighing up the cost of documentation and disruption of mobilityRegular undocumented migrationsNotesReferencesGEOGRAPHIES AND HISTORIES OF UNFREEDOMIntroductionUnderstanding unfreedomGeographies and histories of unfreedomMigrant labour in MauritiusConclusionNoteReferencesII Economic and social dimensions: Poverty and inequalitiesMIGRATION AND INEQUALITY: An interdisciplinary overviewIntroductionInequality as a driver of migrationProducing vulnerable children: law and everyday life on South African borderlandsGendered work and the regulation of migrationImplications for the study of inequalityConclusionsNoteReferencesGENDER, MIGRATION, AND DEVELOPMENTIntroductionApproaches to gender and migrationGender in migration-development nexusDevelopment as a process of immanent social changeCalling for a ‘development’ perspective at destinationConclusionNoteReferencesREMITTANCES: Eight analytical perspectivesIntroductionRemittances as a pivot in the migration-development nexusRemittances as development financeRemittances as a research topicRemittances as a transnational practiceRemittances as scripted transactionsRemittances as a methodological challengeRemittances as a driver of developmentRemittances as unforeseen burdensConclusion: refining or imploding the concept of remittances?NotesReferencesSOCIAL REMITTANCESIntroductionGenesis and refinements of a conceptOf disciplines: from economics to development studiesOf methods: from the micro to the macroOf conceptual distinctions between social, political, and economic remittancesFrom social to economic remittancesWhat’s next? Challenges ahead of usTowards an epistemological framework for migration studiesOf channels: how social change cross bordersEmpirical challenges ahead: of directionality, intentionality, and methodologyConclusionNoteReferencesSKILLED MIGRATIONOf definitions and categoriesThe developmental impact of the highly-skilled: developed urban societies of destinationThe developmental impact of the highly-skilled: developing countries of originConclusionReferencesDIASPORAS AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBAL AGEIntroductionDiasporas and homelandsDiasporas and lobbyingDiasporas and the development industryDiasporas in national development planningConclusionsReferencesTHE INFORMALISATION OF MIGRATION GOVERNANCE ACROSS AFRICA’S URBAN ARCHIPELAGOSInformalisation and the urban archipelagoImplications for informalisationRescaling regulationSelf-alienation and usufruct rightsConclusionsNotesReferencesLABOUR MIGRATION, POVERTY, AND INEQUALITY: A gap in the development debateMigrants: essential yet not welcomeHow many people move for work?Who migrates?Consequences of migrationCan policies alter these dynamics?Role of international communityReferencesIII Families and social policyTHE WELL-BEING OF STAY BEHIND FAMILY MEMBERS IN MIGRANT HOUSEHOLDSIntroductionChildrenElderlyConclusionReferencesFAMILIES AND MIGRATION IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURYIntroductionDevelopment, migration, and familyFamily and migration: two decades of researchReferencesINDEPENDENT CHILD MIGRATION: Mobilities and life course transitionsIntroductionThe emergence of independent child migration as ‘a problem’Child migrants’ embeddedness in complex family constellationsNegotiations of relative status and social positionConclusion: transitions and transformations in independent child migrationReferencesAGEING, MIGRATION, AND DEVELOPMENTIntroductionDefining ageing in the context of migration and developmentOlder people and their varying positionality within structures of uneven developmentDevelopment, migration and the challenge of intergenerational careInternational retirement migrationAgeing economic migrantsThe developmental potential of ageing return migrantsConclusionNotesReferencesMIGRATION AND HEALTHIntroductionHealth of the migrants in the country' of destinationHealth outcomesThe ‘Healthy Migrant Effect’Mental healthHealthcare accessHealth of those who stay behind in the country of originMigration and the spread of communicable diseasesHealth of migrants during travel/in transitConclusionReferencesCARE, SOCIAL REPRODUCTION, AND MIGRATIONCare work, global care chains, and social reproductionGlobal care chains, development and the right to care in Latin AmericaCare deficit and care arrangements in transnational migrationCirculation of careTransnational care regimesConcluding remarks: Care, citizenship, and mobilityReferencesEDUCATION AND MIGRATIONIntroductionEducation, stratification, and knowledgeEducation and labour migrationEducation and second-generationConclusionNoteReferencesSO MANY HOUSES, AS MANY HOMES?: Transnational housing, migration, and developmentIntroductionUnpacking the remittance houseFrom the product to the process: remittances and transnational housing practicesBringing institutional actors in: policies, markets and the migration industryMigrant house-building and development: a conceptual revisitTo conclude: from house-building to home-makingNoteReferencesSOCIAL PROTECTION, DEVELOPMENT, AND MIGRATION: Challenges and prospectsIntroductionThe rise of social protectionSocial protection, development, and migrationThe challenges that migration brings to social protection provision in a differing-stages-of-development scenarioConclusionsNotesReferencesIV Policies, rights, and interventionsRIGHTS-BASED APPROACHES TO MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENTIntroductionThe birth of the rights-based approachThe rights-based approach: a multi-actor, multi-institutional perspectiveRights-based approach to migration and developmentConcluding remarksReferencesMIGRATION, THE MDGS, AND SDGS: Context and complexityIntroduction: human development in the twenty-first centuryThe millennium development goalsInternational migration as a major development issueThe Sustainable Development GoalsMigration in the Sustainable Development GoalsConcluding remarksNotesReferencesAppendix 26.1 Migration and the SDGsNATIONAL MIGRATION POLICY: Nature, patterns, and effectsIntroductionMigration policy transitionImmigration policy evolutionMigration policy effectsConclusionNotesReferencesGLOBAL CIVIL SOCIETY, MIGRATION, AND DEVELOPMENTIntroductionGlobal civil societyCivil society, migration, and developmentGlobal migrant civil societyConcluding remarksNotesReferencesWHEN LIBERAL DEMOCRACY PULLS APART: Challenges for protecting migrants’ rights in the UKThe plight of migrants in the United KingdomBeyond the crisis of the liberal orderNotesReferencesRESEARCH AND POLICY IN MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT: Some personal reflectionsResearch and policy in migration: some personal reflectionsResearch and policy: a personal accountBringing research into policyWhat is ‘policy research’?Taking policy seriouslyEngaging with policy-makersHaving an impactMaking policy is like making sausageConclusionNotesAcknowledgementsReferencesV Key challenges for migration and developmentARE CURRENT ‘RETURN POLICIES’ RETURN POLICIES?: A reflection and critiqueRecalling the individuality of return migrantsThe shiftsComparing without equatingThree types of migration cycleConclusionNotesReferencesFROM HUMANITARIANISM TO DEVELOPMENT: Reconfiguring the international refugee response regimeIntroduction and contextThe humanitarian-development nexus and its originsGlobal developments: the humanitarian-development nexusReconciling the humanitarian and development interfaceThe main parameters of development-led approachesDevelopment modalitiesRefugees and hosts - agency and supportThe humanitarian-development nexus: experience so farHumanitarian-peace-development nexusReferencesCONFLICT-INDUCED DISPLACEMENT AND DEVELOPMENTIntroductionUnderstanding conflict-induced displacement: definitions, conceptions, causesTheoretical lenses and applicationsComparing and contrasting disaster- and development-induced displacementResponsesCriticism from scholars of the category/calls for mergingConclusions: why conflict-induced displacement still offers an important lensNoteReferencesDEVELOPMENT-INDUCED DISPLACEMENT AND RESETTLEMENT: An overview of issues and interventionsIntroductionTheoretical frameworks (or models), perspectives of DIDR, and recent advancementMajor resettlement approaches and issuesRural resettlement versus urban resettlementSocial impact and social inclusionKey issues in DIDR literatureConcluding remarksReferencesCLIMATE-CHANGE DISRUPTIONS TO MIGRATION SYSTEMSIntroductionMechanisms linking climate change with migration outcomesHow individuals make migration decisions in the face of climate change risksPolicy and governance dilemmas of climate migration interactionsMass displacementInvoluntary immobility and planned relocationInternational coordinationConclusionsAcknowledgementsReferencesACUTE NATURAL DISASTERS AND DISPLACEMENTIntroductionDefinitions and dimensions of displacementNeeds of disaster-displaced personsDisaster-induced displacement: legal and institutional frameworksNew developmentsThe Nansen Initiative and the platform on disaster displacementMigrants in countries in crisisUNFCCC task force on displacementGlobal Compact for Safe, Orderly, and Regular MigrationConclusionNotesReferencesEFFECTS OF ANTI-TRAFFICKING POLICIES ON MIGRANTSIntroductionWhat is human trafficking - definitionsImplementation of the UN Trafficking Protocol‘Collateral damage’ConclusionNoteReferencesON THE MARGINS: Migrant smuggling in the context of developmentIntroductionDefinitions matterRemittancesDiasporaBrain circulation, mobility, and the ‘management’ of irregularityConclusionsNotesReferencesVI Migration corridors: Large and smallTHE PHILIPPINES-HONG KONG MIGRATION CORRIDORExploitationPublic life and developmentObstacles to remittance-led developmentConclusionAcknowledgementReferencesTHAILAND-MYANMAR INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION CORRIDOR: From battlefield to marketplaceTransformation of the corridor 1990-2018Impacts of migration on developmentEconomicPoliticalSocio-culturalFuture of the corridorThe corridor in contextDirection of the flowsConclusionReferencesTHE KYRGYZSTAN-RUSSIA MIGRATION CORRIDORThe development of a post-Soviet migration ‘corridor’Changing gender dynamics of migrationReferencesTHE TURKEY-GERMANY MIGRATION CORRIDORIntroductionMigration streams between Turkey and GermanyConclusionReferencesTHE LIBYA-ITALY MIGRATION CORRIDORIntroductionThe background: the making of this corridorHuman smugglingGovernance: control, containment, and humanitarianism?ConclusionReferencesTHE BURKINA FASO-CÔTE D’IVOIRE MIGRATION CORRIDORIntroductionHistorical origins - from forced labour to migration dependenceMigrant labour and developmentNoteReferencesTHE ZIMBABWE-SOUTH AFRICA MIGRATION CORRIDORMigration route developmentThe formal and informal regulation of Zimbabwe-South Africa migrationJohannesburgConclusionReferencesTHE MEXICO-US MIGRATION CORRIDORIntroductionThe complex empirical picture of migration in the Mexico-US contextMexican interpretations of migration and development in the Mexico-US migration corridorNeoclassical understandings of the migration-development nexusNeo-Marxist and structural critiques of the relationship between migration and developmentThe transnational turnConclusionReferencesTHE BOLIVIA-ARGENTINA MIGRATION CORRIDORIntroductionHistoric contextThe consolidation of the collectiveA brief conclusion: the new characteristics of the Bolivian collective in ArgentinaNoteReferencesTHE VENEZUELA-TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO MIGRATION CORRIDORIntroductionGeo-historical ovendew: fifteenth to twentieth centuriesContemporary migrator)' patterns: late twentieth and early tw'enty-first centuriesConclusionNoteAcknowledgmentReferencesVII Translating migration and developmentSHIFTS IN MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT STUDIES: A perspective from FranceNational-level perspectives on research on migration and developmentThe raising awareness of the third worldThe migrant as a driver for home-country development: a dogmaMigration and development: a study of organisational practices and capacity buildingControversial developmentMigration and human developmentA renewed interest in migrant’s living conditionsOvercoming barriers: human mobility and developmentThe human development approach in French literatureA renewed approach to border studiesConclusionNoteReferencesMIGRATION, DEVELOPMENT, AND BORDER CONTROL: A review of the German literatureIntroductionShifting notions of development and the migration-development nexus‘Migration und Entwicklung’ - a contested field in German politicsMigrants as ‘new actors of development’ - the discourse and its internalisationMigration management: a new field of competing policy agendasConcluding thoughtsReferencesSPANISH STUDIES ON MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT: Areas of prestige and knowledge productionIntroductionThe political and historical context of the studies on migration and development in Spain: the double crossingThe politics of place and the nature of studies on migration and developmentTransnational practices of migrants and their relationship with developmentCo-development in SpainFinal remarksNotesReferencesDEVELOPMENT AS THE AXIS OF MIGRATION POLICY: A perspective from BrazilIntroductionFirst period: 1822-88Second period: 1888-1930Third period: 1930 until the late twentieth centuryFourth period: beginning of the twenty-first centuryFinal considerationsReferencesMIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT TRANSITIONS: A perspective from Latin AmericaCategories and their fetishismFantasies of Progress (1950 to 1985)The Development Era: displace, urbanise, and modernise (1950-85)Globalised and Transnational (1985-2008)The adversities of post-globalisation (from 2016 onwards)NotesReferencesMIGRATION AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN STATE: Three centuries of migration managementIntroductionRegulation of population mobility in Tsarist RussiaMigration management in Soviet RussiaThe right to freedom of movement in the new RussiaConclusionNoteReferencesINTERNAL MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT: A perspective from ChinaIntroductionThe hukou system and migrationTrends since 1982Current migration issuesThe precarity of migrant labour and the Lewis turning pointThe plight of the children of migrantsConcluding remarksNoteReferences
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