A People’s History of Classics: Class and Greco-Roman Antiquity in Britain and Ireland 1689 to 1939

I Canons, media and genresMOTIVES AND METHODSTHE INVENTION OF CLASSICS AND THE EMERGENCE OF CLASSWhat does 'Classics' mean?Naming a disciplineA curriculum for gentlemenPeople's Classics at the London FairsWhose Classics?ConclusionNotesWORKING-CLASS READERSIntroductionThe 18th centuryThe early 19th-century market in second-hand classicsCheap serials, periodicals and mass-market editionsDent's Everyman's LibraryNotesTH-CENTURY WORKING CLASS POETSWorkers' satirical classicismStephen Duck on labour and leisureMary CollierThomas BlacklockAnn YearsleyNotesCLASSICS AND CLASS IN LIFE-WRITINGIntroductionContexts and evidenceClassical turning-points in eight workers' autobiographiesFictionalised turning-pointsNotesWORKING-CLASS CLASSICS VIA THE VISUAL ENVIRONMENTCultural literaciesPompeii everywhereThe built environmentWorking-class archaeologists and museum visitorsThe people's ParthenonClassics and class in paintingConclusionNotesSTAGING CLASS STRUGGLE CLASSICALLYIntroductionClassics in demotic theatreCensoring political theatreStaging the Gracchi brothersKnowles' revolutionary RomansNotesII CommunitiesDISSENTING CLASSICSJoseph PriestleyJohn Aikin (1713-1780)George DyerGilbert WakefieldWilliam GodwinThe training of Methodist preachersLewis Edwards and Robert RobertsConclusionNotesADULT EDUCATIONAdult Schools and Mutual Improvement SocietiesMechanics' InstitutesWorking Men's CollegesFrom University Extension to the Workers' Educational AssociationNotesCLASSICS AND CLASS IN IRELANDIntroductionHedge school classicistsCatholic classical scholars and poetsAnglo-Irish loyalistsAnglo-Irish radicalsThe Latin professor, the Easter Rising and the working classRobert Tressell's Platonic Cave of false ideologyNotesSCOTTISH WORKING CLASSICSThe lad o' pairtsAberdeen and the north-eastReprint ClassicsThomas CarlyleLewis Grassic GibbonNotesCARACTACUS AND LLOYD GEORGE'S RECRUITING DRIVE IN WALESIntroductionCaractacus between Britain and WalesEvans's CaractacusCaractacus and the children of WalesThe outbreak of warNotesIII Underdogs, underclasses, underworldsSEDITIOUS CLASSICISTSIntroductionLate 18th-century democrats: Paine, Gerrald, ThelwallBefore and after Peterloo: Carlile, Hibbert, WedderburnChartists: O'Brien, Jones, CooperConclusionNotesUNDERDOG PROFESSORSIntroductionRichard PorsonUpwardly mobile Edinburgh professorsJoseph WrightNotesRAGGED-TROUSERED PHILOLOGISTSDownwardly mobile DevoniansAndrew Donaldson, The fanatic of FifeRichard Robert Jones: 'Die of Aberdaron''Hawkie'Reverend George MartinNotesHINTERLAND GREEKIntroductionPopish, Satanic and criminal GreekGreeklessness, race, gender and classThe Greek of freakish animalsUncouth Caledonian HellenistsArcane Greek loreNotesCLASSICAL UNDERWORLDSIntroductionShowmen and ClassicsClassical burlesque and poses plastiquesClassics and prostitutionClassics, boxing and Devon WrestlingClassicist criminals and lunaticsNotesCLASS AND THE CLASSICAL BODYVulcana, La Milo and the Miniature Lady HerculesSandow, Hercules and gladiatorsClass and cultural consumptionThe Scarborough Hercules and the Venus of the PavilionNotesIV Working identitiesGODS AND HEROES OF THE PROLETARIATIntroduction: Iconic femalesAesop the agitatorAncient ancestorsPlutarch for the proletariatPromethean heatClassical labourersNautical NeptunesNotesSHOEMAKER CLASSICSPliny, Apelles and James Woodhouse'Small profits do great things'The ultracrepidarian translator of JuvenalDissenting shoemakersA Chartist cobblerNotesPOTTERY WORKERSIntroductionThe rise of the Staffordshire potteriesJosiah WedgwoodThe Arts of EtruriaEducation via decorationCheap reproductionsConclusionNotesCLASSICS AMONGST THE MINERSEmancipation via self-educationClassical images of confinementBooks in Wanlockhead and other mining communitiesUniversity extension and County Durham minersNotesSOCIALIST AND COMMUNIST SCHOLARSIntroductionEarly labour classicistsWomen classicists and the ILPClassical scholars in the CPGBErudite activistsNotesSOLDIERS: Dai and Diomedes on the SommeIntroductionPrivate David JonesA new form for working-class War PoetryClassical banter in the trenchesInto the dark woodThe eternal goddesses of warConclusionNotesTHEATRE PRACTITIONERSIntroductionBritish socialist theatre in the 1930sTheatre Union and the GreeksLysistrata in ManchesterOperation Olive BranchNotesAFTERWORD
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