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CITATION ANALYSIS FINDINGS 2.2.1 Type of Organisation

Library management textbooks in the United States primarily discuss the purpose of library management, its principles, history, management theories, and organisations. A notable characteristic of library management theories is that they primarily used management theories meant for commercial organisations to describe themselves. It can be observed that the management theories developed for business organisations and the management theories developed for libraries make up the majority, and the largest percentage are those aimed at business organisations (Fig. 2.1).

One can see that citations of management theories meant for commercial organisations increased greatly between the first edition (1977) and the fifth edition (1998). Management theories developed for libraries were also cited increasingly between the first edition (1977) and the sixth edition (2002). Though both the theories meant for commercial organisations and those meant for the libraries have been cited less in the seventh edition (2007) of the library management textbook, this is due to a change in the editorial policy.

Management theories intended for non-profit organisations were cited much less often than other management theories. By comparing the rate at which they are being cited, we can see that between the first edition (1977) and the fourth edition (1993), there has been an increase in the rate of citations for management theories concerning commercial organisations. Since the fifth edition (1998), there has also been a decline in the number of citations of management theories meant for commercial

? Business ? Library ? Non-Profit ? Others

organisations. However, this does not change the fact that the overall trend has been that management theories designed for commercial organisations have been cited with greater frequency than the others (Figs 2.1 and 2.2).

Based on this information, it can be understood that in the case of library management textbooks, (1) management theory meant for commercial organisations had a great influence on library management; and (2) they had hardly any content related to management theories designed for the non-profit organisation. If one focuses on both strategic management and organisational literature in regard to businesses and libraries, the rate of citations about strategic management is more than 50% (Fig. 2.3). The rate of citations about organisation is even larger than that of strategic management (Fig. 2.4). Business theories in both areas have had large impacts on the library world.

 
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