Time Taken for Commercial Enterprise-Focused Management Theories to be Applied to Libraries
A bibliometric analysis revealed that until the 1980s, a delay of several years preceded the introduction of management theories thought to have had a major influence on libraries. These theories included, for example, long- range planning, MBO and strategic planning/strategic management. Long- range planning and MBO were developed between the mid-1950s and
1960s, but their full-scale introduction to libraries was not first investigated until the 1970s and 1980s. Similarly, strategic planning/strategic management thrived in the private sector from the 1970s on, and were investigated seriously in libraries in the 1980s; there was thus a major increase in the volume of literature mentioning this management theory. As further proof of this tendency, Evans (1983) pointed out that libraries applied the same management theories as the private sector, but several years later.
By the 1990s, the situation began to change. The cases of BPR and core competency make it evident that some management theories focusing on commercial enterprises were being applied to libraries with shorter delay. From the 1990s onwards, we can surmise that library managers were forced to engage proactively in library management, and thus proactively attempted to utilise management strategy theories.