EVOLUTION OF LIBRARY ORGANISATION
The results indicate that libraries used four types of organisational structures: subject-based, function-based, media-based and region-based. This section explains the characteristics of each structure as it relates to management strategies. Based on the case analyses, Fig. 4.27 shows the comprehensive results of changes in the organisational structure for the provision of technical services and public services. This figure includes all of the research results from the 15 libraries that the author analysed.
The libraries in the 1960s used function-based organisation to manage technical services. However, many libraries eventually switched to media- based or subject-based organisation. Next, an increase in the number of
Figure 4.27 (Continued)
serials targeted for acquisition led to the formation of media-based organisations from the 1980s to the 1990s. Finally, nearly all of the libraries’ organisational structures reverted back to a focus on functions from the 2000s to the 2010s.
Public services had either subject-based or media-based organisational structures in the early 1960s. The same organisational structures were mostly maintained throughout the 1970s and 1980s. The 1990s saw an increased transition into mainly subject-based organisation, which then transitioned into function-based organisation in the 2000s to the 2010s, paralleling that of technical services. Additionally, only public libraries implemented a region-based organisational structure for their branches. These branches often also became subject-based due to the collection of regional materials/documents.