Minority Religions and Uncertainty

How do religious and other ideological minorities respond to uncertainties?IntroductionWhat do vve mean by uncertainty and minority religions?Uncertainty and religion: the literatureInterpreting minority religions and their problems, responses and solutions through the frame of uncertaintyCase studies and issuesExternal and internal uncertainties faced by groupsIndividual and group level responses to uncertaintySolutions to the problem of uncertaintyNotesReferencesCertain beliefs and uncertain evidence: The case of ShugdenIntroductionMethodWho is Shugden and why is he controversial?The Experience of ShugdenCircles of uncertaintyIs there a ban?Homeless monks?Human rights abuses?But is there discrimination?ConclusionsNotesAcknowledgementsReferencesThe Muslim Brotherhood and uncertainty: Resistance, civil society, and politicsIntroductionInception and narrativeNasser and the free officers: from a religious to a resistance movementSadat’s assassination and the return to origins: the Brotherhood as a fundamental civil society actorJanuary: the political turnAl Sisi’s era: a whole new set of challengesConclusionNoteReferencesFailures and successes: A Japanese new religion’s reactions to uncertaintyKofuku no Kagaku: the science of happiness and its ‘failures’Responses to failures: projecting responsibilitiesResponses to failures: the larger planConcluding remarksNotesReferencesExtreme movements under extreme pressure: British fascists and uncertainty during World War TwoAn uncertain future: The issue of succession in the International Society for Krishna ConsciousnessIntroductionIntroduction to ISKCONFoundations of certainty: practice and traditionBuilding on the foundations: creating an institutional structureDiscussing succession with the founderDealing with the death of the founderSeeking advice from an elderDevelopment of a zonal systemRituals, symbols, and honourProtestGurus in difficultyReformGurus leave their positionsReview of the GBCFrom whence comes certainty and uncertainty? An analysis of the issuesConclusionNotesReferencesThe unknown creed: Punk and political uncertainty in Northern IrelandThe history of punk and anarchy communities within Northern IrelandThe limitations of punkContemporary iterations and decision makingsXe and the role o£ uncertaintyConclusionNotesReferencesConsequences of dramatic doctrinal change: The Worldwide Church of GodIntroductionAuthorityBeliefsRevolutionSchismReaffiliation: an extension to rational choice theoryConclusionNotesReferencesDistinguishing the conditions of violent reaction in esoteric minority religionsIntroductionWhat is an esoteric religion?Patterns of violenceMagic and religion in esotericismCriminality and minority religionsThe role of moral and eschatological dualismNecessary but not sufficientAdaptability to uncertaintyNotesReferencesScientology and times of uncertaintyIntroductionBackgroundTimes of uncertainty — internalNegative responseWhat has been the response of the Church to attempts to split, demonize or eradicate it?Individual strength derived from a workable spiritual technologyThe International Association of ScientologistsA strong external affairs department - the Office of Special AffairsEngaging with society - social reform activitiesAn administrative technology to manage groupsA core dedicated group of individualsInnovations - marketing campaigns - planetary disseminationsSummaryNotesReferences(Un)certain responses to colonial dissonance: The Philadelphia bombing of MOVE and the Unitarian Universalist Association’s Right Relationship TeamIntroductionUncertainty and dissonancePhiladelphia and the ‘MOVE Story’Research on anti-MOVE biasPrevious organizational research on city officials and the bombing of MOVEThe city of Philadelphia and denial: the bombing of MOVEThe UUA and consonant dissidence: creation of the Right Relationship TeamConclusionNotesReferencesConspiracy narratives as response to uncertainty in minority religionsIntroductionWhen prophecy is preventedScientologyNew AgeEpistemic seclusionConclusionNoteReferencesWho can we dialogue with? Seeking effective interfaith development: the Inter Faith Network for the UKIntroductionBackgroundNational and regional membershipLocal organizationsAchieving legitimacy in the public sphereChallenging membership criteria: the case of the druidsOngoing membership challengesGatekeepers to legitimacy?Allegations of promoting extremismConclusions: achieving effective interfaith developmentNotesReferences
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