Planting Sea Buckthorn Shrubs

The shrub has a long history as binding dunes along the coastal areas of Northern Europe, and its planting has therefore been promoted by authorities for centuries. Nowadays, it is used for soil erosion control in Central and East Asia. The thorny branches also make it an excellent hedge plant. Since it grows fast, it quickly makes an impenetrable barrier protecting the garden from unwanted visitors. It also provides shelter for birds and other animals. The plant is easily propagated with cuttings, and it is salt tolerant. It can actually grow in a wide variety of soils, making it very useful also in rough gardens. Sea buckthorn is also an ornamental shrub with its silvery leaves and orange berries, and has therefore been cultivated as a garden plant in Europe and North America. Among cultivars for ornamental use is Sprite, a dwarf that does not produce berries.

Sea buckthorn has been cultivated in Russia since the 1930s and it is now popular in Finland, northern Germany, Estonia, and Sweden; it is increasingly popular also in Canada. The bush is easy to cultivate and thrives on sandy and meager soil. Cultivars with large berries have been developed. Many of these Russian, Siberian, and even Belarusian cultivars are now available in nurseries in Europe and Canada, for instance Botanicheskaya (Botanica), Otradnaya (Russian Orange), Prevoshodnaya (Siberian Splendor), and Trofimovskaya (Titan). Others, like Fergana and Hergo, originated in Germany. Thornless shrubs from Finland are increasingly popular in the market.

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