Education for Democracy in England in World War II

Two theories of democracy: liberal and social democracyLiberal democracyProtective democracyDevelopmetital democracySocial democracyConclusionNotesSetting the scene: historical context and educational traditionsThe state and popular educationThe state and secondary' educationState planning and democracyThe Second World War and educational reconstructionConclusionNotesFred Clarke: educational reconstruction for ‘English democracy’All English democracyDominion experiences: 1911-1935Democracy in crisis: 1935-1939Towards reconstruction in educationReorganization of central authorityThe ‘national’ public schools?Secondary education for allCompulsory part-time continued educationA new deal in educationThe White Paper: an agenda for democratic debateThe education bill: a great opportunityThe 1944 education act: towards a truly democratic systemConclusionNotesR. H. Tawney: relentless fight for social democracySocial democracy and educationEducational reconstruction in wartimeThe private ‘public schools’?Publicly provided secondary schoolsConclusionNotesShena Simon: radical agenda for social democracyDemocratic ideals in the Spens ReportWartime educational reformAbolishing the ‘public’ schoolsRaising the school-leaving age to 16Free secondary education for allSecondary organization: separate schools or one single school?ConclusionNotesH. C. Dent: a new educational order for liberal democracyA new order in English educationSchool-leaving age to IS or part-time continued education 14 to 18?Recotistruction of a public education systemThe private public schools and the direct grant schoolsPropagation for the new legislationThe White Paper: a landmark in English educationThe welcomed Education BillThe 1944 Education Act: a new order?ConclusionNotesErnest Simon: education for democratic citizenshipThe faith of a liberal democratCitizenship in a liberal democracyThe case for a new education for democratic citizenshipConclusionNotesBibliography
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