Newer Depigmenting Agents of Botanical Source

(Table 13.3)

The list is growing and promising and includes the following:

Table 13.3 Other botanical agents and their sources

Botanical

Source(S)

Artocarpanone

Artocarpus heterophyllus, an Indonesian tree

4-n-butylresorcinol or rucinol

May have plant sources

Ursolic acid

Apple peels, holy basil

Anthraquinones

Rhubarb

Cinnamic acid

Various plant sources

Macelignan

Myristica fragrans, an evergreen tree

Gallic acid

Gallnuts, grapes, tea, hops, and oak bark

Glycine

Meat, fish, dairy products, legumes

Isopanduratin A and 4-hydroxypanduratin A

Kaempferia pandurata Roxb, common name: Chinese ginger

Kurarinol, kuraridinol, and trifolirhizin

Sophoraflavescens, common names: Ku Shen Gen/bitter root/yellow sophora root

Selina dien-8-one

Atractylodis Rhizoma Alba, Atractylodes rhizome

Taxifolin

Onions, French maritime bark, milk thistle, and tamarind seeds

Deoxyarbutin and its second-generation derivatives

Synthesized by removing the hydroxyl groups from the glucose side chain of arbutin

Hydroperoxytraxastane-type triterpene

Arnica montana, common name: leopard’s bane

Piceatannol

Grapes, passion fruit, white tea, and Japanese knotweed

 
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