Notes

  • 1. ‘Horror [... ] does not work without the understanding that the evil we encounter initially suffered from serious injustice’ [Trans. mine] (Seefilen and Jung 2006, 43).
  • 2. ‘Nothing is ever lost because the horror genre relies more heavily on its predecessors than any other genre’ [Trans. mine] (Meteling 2006, 19).
  • 3. ‘Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s elevation of the “Natural”, represented by the child and the Noble Savage, which he set against the corrupting influence of civilization, is a “Romantic” trope at the heart of Enlightenment’ (Snell 2013, 14).
  • 4. ‘And yet, from its place of banishment, the abject does not cease challenging its master’ (Kristeva 1982, 2).
  • 5. Some movie critics would object to Psycho being labeled as a horror movie but Norman Bates has, at the very least, left ‘his distinctive imprint on modern horror’. (Tudor 2004, 55).
  • 6. In his article ‘Hitchcock’s Homophobia’, John Hepworth harshly criticizes Hitchcock for being a ‘supreme fag baiter’ (1995, 188), regarding the ‘subliminal homophobia in Psycho’ (Hepworth 1995, 192) as possibly the worst kind of discrimination in the director’s oeuvre. Both Robin Wood and John Hepworth locate Norman’s sexual deviance in the Bates’ fruit cellar, making an Oedipal complex much more likely to be the assumed spring of his deviance than coding Norman as ‘gay’.
  • 7. Ed Gein was charged with murder, cannibalism, and necrophilia. He was obsessed with women’s bodies, wore parts of their bodies as masks and vests, and he chose one of his victims for the following reason: ‘I did take her for the resemblance of my mother’ (Gollmar 1982, 50).
  • 8. ‘She crammed his mind with biblical stories of punishment that deemed everything corporeal sinful and women as seductresses in Satan’s service’ [Trans. mine] (Meifert 1995, 74).
  • 9. According to David J. Russell, human monsters in horror films are almost invariably ‘associated with degenerated or arrested sexual development’, echoing the Freudian preoccupation with sexuality as the spring of psychological well-being (Russell 1998, 243).
  • 10. ‘The Oedipus complex seemed to be the right answer [to Gein’s abnormal psychological development] and his transvestitism the logical consequence. The novel that emerged from that was Psycho’ [Trans. mine] (Bloch 1959,46).
  • 11. See Nelson 2010, pp. 111ff.
 
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