Notes

  • 1. The cartoonist Alison Bechdel once issued a challenge to the film industry in her Comic Strip, Dykes to Watch out For with her now-famous test: show me a movie with at least two women in it who talk to each other about something besides a man. The test was used to foreground the under-representation of women in films and to call attention to gender inequality in Hollywood.
  • 2. New adult fiction is largely written by women, and such fiction, including teen drama and urban fantasy, is largely consumed by a female audience. Film and media scholarship has historically overlooked or problematized those genre texts that appeal to the woman in the audience, namely Harlequin romances, soap opera, romantic comedy, shopping films and the celebrity gossip sector, with the teen and urban text as a further case in point.
  • 3. Although it is difficult to classify teen drama or draw detailed distinctions between telefantasy, urban fantasy, modern fantasy and science fiction programming, I will use the term teen drama to foreground those programmes that are made for and marketed to a youth demographic and urban fantasy to point to similarly adolescent texts that combine fantasy conventions with a modern setting.
 
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