Blood Vessels Diseases

Blood vessel disease, which is also known as vascular or artery disease, is related to our circulatory system. Narrowing down or constriction of blood vessels can cause decreased transport of oxygen-rich blood to the body. It is caused by a build-up of fatty deposits -or plaque-that narrows the vessels, depleting the supply of oxygen- rich blood to affected parts of the body. This can cause tissue and cell death, which makes blood vessel disease.

Blood vessel disease is usually caused because of narrowing down of blood vessels by plaque with the fatty diets over a long period of time. Saturated fats collect on the walls of blood vessels, finally restricting the blood flow. Age and gender, as well as certain conditions such as high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, and smoking can lead to blood vessel problems.

Blood vessel diseases are grouped into different types relying on the area of blockage. The four types of blood vessel diseases are the following:

Coronary Artery Disease: The main cause for this condition is the plaque aggregation on the walls of the coronary arteries. The fatty from the blood collect on the walls of the coronary arteries when a person has a high-fat diet. Over a period of time, the excess fat deposits will block the blood vessels, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke.

Aneurysm: The generation of aneurysm happens as a weakness in the wall of the blood vessel. This weak portion is prone to balloon out due to the force of blood in the blood vessel. The aneurysm gets larger gradually, which make it prone to rupture. Aneurysm can occur in the heart or the arteries of the brain, especially at the abdominal aorta and the basal portion of the brain. This disease can be life- threatening, which can lead to brain hemorrhage [84].

Peripheral Arterial Disease: Peripheral arterial disease can affect the blood supply to the legs and arms. Owning to the plaque aggregation in the arteries, peripheral arterial disease takes place when the arteries in the legs narrow down. Atherosclerosis is the thickening of arterial walls. The blood flow to the tissues is reduced and the arteries become narrow.

Hypertension: High blood pressure is caused by the increased pressure of the blood, which is one very common artery diseases. This disease can result in heart failure and stroke as well. Hypertension and coronary artery disease are the two most common forms of blood vessel problems.

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