Connective Tissue: Tendon and Ligament
Function of Tendon and Ligament
Connective tissue is widely dispersed with diverse forms, including ligaments, tendons, fascia, and dermis. Ligaments and tendons are dense connective tissues. A ligament most commonly refers to the fibrous connective tissue that connects two bones to form a joint which is called articular ligaments. It allow a body part to flex or extend, help control their range of motion, and stabilize them so that the bones move in proper alignment. If a ligament primarily strengthens or supports other ligaments, it is called an accessory ligament. There are additional structures that are called ligaments even though they do not connect bones. For example, peritoneal ligaments surround a number of blood vessels, including the hepatic portal vein to the liver, and support significant parts of the reproductive system in women. A tendon is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that is capable of withstanding tension. Tendons are similar to ligaments. Ligaments join one bone to another bone, while tendons connect muscle to bone.