Perspectives on Volunteering: Voices from the South

Volunteering: A Complex Social PhenomenonIntroductionWhat Is Volunteering?How Does Volunteering Relate to Similar Constructs?Why Do People Volunteer?Is Volunteering Universal?How Does Volunteering Vary by Country?Why Does Volunteer Participation Vary by Country?How Does Volunteering Affect Development?What Role Do Citizens of Wealthy Countries Play as Volunteers in the Global South?How Does This Volume Contribute to Our Knowledge of Volunteering in the Global South?Overview of the ChaptersReferencesII Cross-National ApproachesClosing the Gap? New Perspectives on Volunteering North and SouthIntroductionChallenges to Measuring VolunteeringToward Improvements in the Comparative Measurement of Volunteer EffortILO Manual Definition of VolunteeringILO Manual Survey ApproachEstimating the Scale of Global VolunteeringAvailable Data SetsTime Use Survey Data .From Samples to Global Estimates: Extrapolation MethodologyOrganizational volunteering.Direct volunteering .Resulting Global Estimates of VolunteeringAggregate scale of volunteer workforceDirect vs. Organization-based volunteeringClosing the North-south volunteering gap?Interpreting the ResultsLimitations of the DataBarriers to Volunteering in the Global SouthSurprising Persistence of Direct Volunteering in the Global NorthConclusionAnnex A: Community Services and Help to Other Households in TUSPakistanSouth AfricaReferencesPerceptions of Volunteering and Their Effect on Sustainable Development and Poverty Alleviation in Mozambique, Nepal and KenyaIntroductionThe Research ApproachMozambiqueNepalKenyaConclusionReferencesThe Role of Civic Service in Enhancing Youth Employability: Reflections on National Youth Service Programmes in Sub-Saharan AfricaIntroductionMethodologyFindingsProgramme Objectives and DesignNYS in the South African contextPromising Practices from National Youth Service ProgrammesTechnical Skills or Qualifications Can Enhance EmployabilityOpportunities for Experiential LearningBuilding Character, Connectedness, Confidence and Competence in Young PeopleActive Citizenship Is Important in Producing Well-Rounded, Socially Responsible Work SeekersStipends Can Promote Financial Asset Accumulation and Financial CapabilityActively Link Young People to Exit Opportunities (Work or Further Study)Connect Young People to Financial Support for Studies or Livelihood OpportunitiesPartnerships and Coordination at a National LevelFlexible Recruitment Strategies to Support Improved Outcomes for Different Groups, Including Vulnerable YouthAlignment with Economic Growth PrioritiesIntentions and ImplementationConclusionAppendix: Description of Selected National Youth Service Programmes in Sub-Saharan Africa (Based on Data Collected in 2013)ReferencesCorporate Volunteering in the Global SouthIntroductionMethodology and LimitationsFindingsThe Contrast of Latin AmericaConclusionsReferencesThe Value of Volunteers in Community-Based Organisations: Insights from Southern AfricaIntroductionTowards Participation in DevelopmentThe Role of Community-Based Organisations in DevelopmentA Profile of Volunteers in CBOsConclusionReferencesModels, Developments, and Effects of Transborder Youth Volunteer Exchange Programs in Eastern and Southern AfricaIntroductionVolunteer Exchange ModelsFindings and DiscussionConclusionReferencesIII Country StudiesGlobal Solidarity: Learning from Volunteer Frameworks in PeruIntroductionConceptual FrameworkThe Peru Program: Bringing Together the Two Volunteer FrameworksNorthern Volunteers: University ISL ProgramSouthern and Northern Volunteering PartnershipMethodological ApproachFindingsLessons Learned and ConclusionsReferencesBeyond Images and Perceptions: Conceptualizing and Measuring Volunteerism in Buenos AiresIntroductionIssues that Arise from Literature on Volunteering in Latin AmericaVoluntary Work in Latin American Civil Society OrganizationsMeasurement of Volunteer Work: Agreements and DisagreementsAnalysis of the Main Results ConclusionReferencesSolidarity and Volunteering: A View from MexicoIntroductionResults of a National Survey in MexicoConcluding CommentsReferencesVolunteerism and the State: Understanding the Development of Volunteering in ChinaIntroductionMoral Resources, Political Capital, and the Revival of Volunteerism in ChinaMethodFindingsConclusionReferencesVolunteering in Armenia: Leaving the Soviet Legacy Behind?IntroductionBackground Information on Armenia and the South CaucasusGeneral Overview of Volunteering in ArmeniaMethodologyFindingsConclusionReferencesThe Current State of Volunteering in TurkeyIntroductionThe Historical Development of Civil Society in TurkeyThe Current State of Membership and Volunteering in Civil Society Organizations in TurkeyProblems and Strategies of Volunteering in TurkeyConceptualizations of VolunteeringYouth VolunteeringConclusionReferencesConclusionDefining and Measuring VolunteeringThe Relationship Between the Global North and SouthVolunteers in DevelopmentVolunteers and the StateSummaryFuture ResearchReferences
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